Timothy Grass Scientific name: Phleum pratense Family: Gramineae(grass family) Nickname: Herd grass Originated in: New England Plant type: Cool season grass Life cycle: Long lived perennial Grown in: Northeastern U.S.
Leading States in Timothy Production Minnesota Missouri Ohio Indiana Iowa
Uses and Utilization for Timothy Hay Mixed hay Pasture Silage Low in protein Higher in fiber as it matures
Adaptation of Timothy Hardy Winter hardy Drought susceptible Grows well in all soils Not competitive, can be overtaken Grown in the northeastern U.S. Cool season grass
Physical Description 20-40 inches tall Thin, smooth stem Shallow roots Narrow leaves Narrow cylindrical rough- textured inflorescence Single Flower, pale green turning tan
Seeding Seed in early spring Plant at 10-12 pounds per acre, or 2-6 pounds if mixed with other grasses or legumes Plant 1\4 of an inch deep Cost of seed:$0.81-$1.25 per lb. 4 1,230,000 seeds per lb. 4 45 lbs. per bu.
Harvesting Harvest when you cut hay 3 cuttings per year Yield: 3-7 tons per acre Quality: fine stem, good hay
Diseases and Insects Stem rust Brown leafblight Grasshoppers