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Presentation of Ministry of Development of North Eastern Region for for The Editors Conference on Social Sector Issues Social Sector Issues.

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Presentation on theme: "Presentation of Ministry of Development of North Eastern Region for for The Editors Conference on Social Sector Issues Social Sector Issues."— Presentation transcript:

1 Presentation of Ministry of Development of North Eastern Region for for The Editors Conference on Social Sector Issues Social Sector Issues

2 2 2 DONER & Its Charter  In order to sharply focus on the development of North Eastern Region, the Department of Development of North Eastern Region (DONER) set up in September,  Upgraded to Ministry on 27th May,  As per the Allocation of Business Rules, the Ministry deals with the following subjects: Planning, execution and monitoring of development schemes / projects of NER including Roads, Power, Irrigation & communication Planning, execution and monitoring of development schemes / projects of NER including Roads, Power, Irrigation & communication Non-lapsable Central Pool of Resources (NLCPR) Non-lapsable Central Pool of Resources (NLCPR) North Eastern Council (NEC) North Eastern Council (NEC)

3 3 3 Continued   Border Area Development Programme (BADP) & Hill Area Development Programme ( HADP) in NER (However, the Programmes continue to be handled by MHA and Planning Commission respectively).   North Eastern Development Finance Corporation (NEDFi)   North Eastern Regional Agricultural Marketing Corporation (NERAMAC)   North Eastern Handlooms and Handicrafts development Corporation (NEHHDC)   Road Works and Inland Waterways transport in NER.

4 4 Major Functions   Ministry’s Plan Schemes.   Review of 10% earmarked GBS of Central Ministries.   Facilitating GOI Initiatives/Programmes in the NE   NE’s interface with GOI.   Monitoring PM’s Announcements and critical projects in NER.

5 5 5 Demographic Profile – NE States StateArea (SQ. KM) Population (2001 Census) Scheduled Tribes(%) Population Density (No. per Sq. Km) ArunachalPradesh83,7431,097, Assam78,43826,655, Manipur22,3272,166, Meghalaya22,4292,318, Mizoram21,081888, Nagaland16,5791,990, Sikkim7,096540, Tripura10,4863,199, Total2,62,179(8%)38,857,769(4%)27%148 India 324 SOURCE: CENSUS OF INDIA, 2001

6 6 Trend Growth Rates of GSDP State to ( base) to ( base) 1. Arunachal Pradesh Assam Manipur Meghalaya Mizoram NA Nagaland a 7. Sikkim Tripura b North Eastern Region a India GDP (at factor cost) Note: GSDP and GDP (factor cost) at constant prices are obtained from CSO. GSDP growth rates for the North Eastern Region is obtained by summing the GSDP of all N.E States and then calculating the trend growth rates. The State of Mizoram had not compiled GSDP at constant prices prior to For the period to For the period to The trend growth rate reveals that growth differentials between North Eastern Region and All India has narrowed down from 3.16 percentage points during to to 1.77 during to The performance of individual States has also showed that the N.E States have improved their growth rates uniformly as previously poor performing States improved while the growth rates of fast growing States saw a kind of moderation.

7 7 Per Capita Net State Domestic Product (Rupees) States Arunachal Pradesh Assam Manipur Meghalaya Mizoram NA Nagaland Sikkim Tripura India (Per capita NNP ) The growth pattern as seen in terms of NSDP does not show faster closing of gaps between North Eastern States (except Tripura and Sikkim) and rest of India.

8 8 Trend of GSDP Composition in NER (%) Sector Primary Sector * of which Agriculture Secondary sector of which manufacturing Tertiary sector of which public administration GSDP at factor cost (constant prices)  Primary Sector includes mining and quarrying Source :CSO

9 9 Trend Growth Rate of Industrial Sector State to to Arunachal Pradesh Assam Manipur Meghalaya Mizoram# Nagaland * 7. Sikkim All N.E. States 4.02 & 9.21* 10. India $ Includes manufacturing construction, mining and quarrying #: Prior to Mizoram has not compiled GSDP at constant prices. *: Pertain to the period to Pertain to the period to &: Excluding Mizoram. Source :CSO

10 10 Summary Observations   NER lags behind national average in pace of development and economic transformation.   GSDP growth rate for the North Eastern States have picked-up during to , but remained below the growth rate of national economy.   Growth rate lower than the national economy has translated into the economic gap between the NER and that the rest of India not narrowing down at the desired pace.   Though there is higher industrial growth in NE Region as compared to All India level but this has not resulted in the shrinking of primary sector and growth of secondary sector, particularly manufacturing sector has remained almost at the same level. Growth in Tertiary sector is due to continuously increase in Governments spending.

11 11 Strengths of the North East   Water resources including hydro-power potential.   Rich fertile soil with huge potential for organic and horticulture crops.   Rich in hydro-carbons.   Rich in forest resources including medicinal plants and bamboo.   Mega-biodiversity.   Unique crafts and culture.   Long international borders.

12 12 Issues and Constraints   Geographical isolation   Difficult terrain   Law and order   Issues of Governance   Educated unemployment   Lack of private enterprise   Lack of absorptive capacity

13 13 Flow of Plan Funds to NER Investment in NER during the 10th Five Year Plan Source of funding 10th Plan Period Total 1. Assistance for State Plans NEC Plan Outlay NLCPR Central Ministries/Departments Total Investment in NER during the 11th Five Year Plan Source of funding 11th Plan Period (RE) (RE) (BE/AP)Total 1. Assistance for State Plans NEC Plan Outlay NLCPR Central Ministries/Departments Total

14 14 11th PLAN (Critical parameters for growth of NER)   Vision 2020 for growth of NE Region;   Creation of critical infrastructure;   Improvement in security, law & order and governance;   Thrust on major sectors of connectivity, Power, Health, Education and Tourism, by identifying gaps therein;   Emphasis on Primary Sector of economy;

15 15 11th PLAN (Critical parameters for growth of NER)   Synergy and dovetailing of programmes/ schemes between Central Ministries and the State Governments for filling up gaps in infrastructure;   Building capacity and bringing professionalism in NEC as Regional Planning Body.   Involvement of Autonomous District Councils, Panchayati Raj and local Self Government institutions, Communities and Self Help Groups in various development welfare schemes.   Creation of conducive and investment friendly environment through North East Industrial & Investment Promotion Policy 2007, both in Secondary and Tertiary Sectors.

16 16 Budget of DONER Scheme (B.E) NLCPR BTC NEC NEDFi60.00 Capacity Building Advert. & Pub EAPs Inland Water Transport PMU for NESRP Total

17 17 Plan Schemes allocations (Rs. Crore) expenditure (Rs. Crore) allocations (Rs. Crore) expenditure (Provisional) (Rs. Crore) Non Lapsable Central Pool of Resources (NLCPR ) BTC Package North Eastern Council (NEC) Loans to North Eastern Development Finance Corporation Limited (NEDFi ) Advertising & Publicity Capacity Building & Technical Assistance EAPs TOTAL Performance of Ministry

18 18 Non Lapsable Central Pool of Resources (NLCPR)   Since , each Ministry/Department (except those exempted) is required to earmark at least 10% of GBS (excluding EAPs and Special Programmes) for NER.   Unspent amount of earmarked 10% GBS of various Ministries / Departments is pooled into NLCPR.   Exempted Ministries (17 Nos.) reviewed regularly.

19 19 Expenditure of Central Ministries in NER YEA R GBS* 10% for NER EXPENDI TURE IN NER ACCR UALS TO NLCP R Funds Release d to States Amo unt % , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , # # Total (Amount in crore Rs.) * Excluding Externally Aided Projects (EAP) # Provisional information;.

20 20 Exempted Ministries / Departments 1. Atomic Energy 2. Company Affairs 3. Economic Affairs 4. Expenditure 5. External Affairs 6. Legal Affairs 7. Earth Sciences 8. Official Language 9. Personnel & Training 10. Petroleum & Natural Gas 11. Planning 12. Revenue 13. Social Justice & Empowerment* 14. Steel 15. Space 16. Science & Technology 17. Scientific & Industrial Research * Only 2% of the funds for Scheduled Caste Division (SCD) are allocated to the NE. The Norm of 10% allocation is applied to sectors other than SCD

21 21 Major Schemes and Programmes of Ministry

22 22NLCPR   Normal budgetary Allocation for the Scheme.   Objective is to ensure speedy development of social and economic infrastructure.   Provision for retention of projects (25%) from the Backward / Scheduled Areas of the State.   Funding under NLCPR is on 90:10 basis.   Up to   1079 projects worth Rs crore approved and Rs crore released to the States.   States submitted Ucs for Rs crore and Rs was balance with them.

23 23 Special Package to BTC Area   Under Bodo Accord, GoI to provide financial assistance of Rs. 100 crore per annum for 5 years for socio-economic development of BTC areas.   Accordingly, Ministry sanctioned 42 projects with approved / indicative cost of Rs crore against which Rs crore has been released. 17 of the 42 Projects completed.   Additional Package of Rs crore given in August Against it fourteen (14) projects with estimated cost of Rs crore have been retained.

24 24 Utilization of NLCPR & BTC Funds ( ) StateNo. of Projects Total Project Cost (Cr Rs) Total Release (Cr Rs) Utilized by States (Cr Rs) Unspent Balance with States Arunachal Pradesh Assam BTC Area Projects Manipur Meghalaya Mizoram Nagaland Sikkim Tripura Common to NER Total

25 25 Sector-Wise proportion of NLCPR Projects

26 26 Sector wise Cost of BTC Projects Sanctioned (Rs in Crore)

27 27 Status of Completion of NLCPR Projects (as on ) StateNo. of sanctioned Projects Total Project Cost (Cr Rs) No of Project Completion Certificate received Cost of completed Projects (Crore Rs) % of projects Completed Arunachal Assam BTC Area Projects Manipur Meghalaya Mizoram Nagaland Sikkim Tripura Common to NER Total

28 28 Sl. No SectorAllocationExpenditure 1 Agriculture and Allied Power and Water Development Industry and Tourism Transport and Communication Medical & Health Human Resource Development & Employment Externally Aided Project Science & Technology Information & Public Relation Evaluation & Monitoring Total NORTH EASTERN COUNCIL (NEC) SECTOR-WISE OUTLAY AND EXPENDITURE Xth PLAN (Rs.in crore)

29 29 NEC SECTOR-WISE OUTLAY AND EXPENDITURE IN FIRST THREE YEARS OF XI PLAN ( , & ) (Rs.in crore) Sl.SectorsAllocationExpenditure 1Agriculture & Allied Programme Power Development Renewable Resources Energy Water Development Industries Tourism Transport & Communication Medical & Health Human Resource Development & Employment Externally Aided Project Science & Technology Information & Public Relation Evaluation & Monitoring Total

30 30 Sectoral Break-up of NEC’s Expenditure – 10 th Plan

31 31 Sectoral Break-up of NEC’s Expenditure – 11 th Plan (upto )

32 32 North Eastern State Roads Project (NESRP)   ADB assisted project to be implemented in 6 NE States – Assam, Manipur, Meghalaya, Mizoram, Sikkim & Tripura   The project objective is to improve Kms of identified roads including bridges and causeways in 6 NE States, capacity building of the implementing agencies, i.e., State PWDs, efficient management of road assets.   Total Project cost – Rs Crore. ADB loan- about 70% of project cost. GoI to contribute remaining project cost.   EFC meeting held on recommended the project. Action initiated for obtaining CCEA’s approval.   Will be implemented in 2 Tranche

33 33 North Eastern States Trade Investment Creation Initiative Project (NESTICI)   ADB assisted project   The project objective - to develop a trade and investment framework that will enable the Region to position itself better in global and regional markets.   ADB loan component is US $ 100 million   The proposed approval year of the project is 2011.

34 34 Technical Assistance & Capacity Building   Skill upgradation of youth for employment and self- employment.   Capacity building of State officials for better service delivery.   Reputed institutes like IIM, NIFM, EPIL, NIFT, DOEACC, CIPET, ITDC, Indo-German Tools, etc. engaged for various trainings.   About 12,000 youth and officials trained during

35 35 Advertising & Publicity   Mainstreaming and Positive projection of the Region.   Trade Expositions, Business Meets: An estimated investment of Rs crore mobolized.   Seminars.   Cultural Shows.   Youth Festivals.

36 36 Enterprises of the Ministry

37 37 North Eastern Handicrafts and Handlooms Development Corporation (NEHHDC)   PSU of the Ministry set up in   Objective is to provide support and exposure to artisans and unique crafts of NER.   Organizes exhibitions and craft fairs all over the country.   Capacity building and marketing support to artisans.   33% increase in turnover in Turnover in Rs crore (upto February 2010).

38 38 North Eastern Regional Agricultural Marketing Corporation Limited (NERAMAC)   Incorporated on 31st March 1982   Objective - to help farmers of NE Region in procurement/ marketing of agro-horticultural commodities   Activities include procuring, processing and marketing of agri, horti and minor forest produces.   Processing units Fruit Juice Concentration Plant at Nalkata, Tripura Cashew Processing Unit at Agartala, Tripura. Integrated Ginger Processing Plant at EPIP, Byrnihat, Meghalaya   Total turnover during – Rs lac an increase of about 23 % over

39 39 North Eastern Development Finance Corporation (NEDFi) Parameters Net Worth Income # Net Profit # No. of Projects Amount Sanctioned Amount Disbursed Capital Formation Direct Employment Generation Balance Outstanding Net NPA (%) (Amount in Rs. crores)

40 40 FY 08-09FY 09-10*Cum. as on 03/10 Amount Sanctioned Amount Disbursed No. of Projects Assisted No. of Groups/SHGs/JLGs No. of Beneficiaries No. of Women Beneficiaries (89.9%) (86.06%) (74.57%) No. of SC/ST Beneficiaries6825 (28.9%) 7190 (42.86%) (36.13%) (Amount in Rs. lakh) NEDFi – Achievements in Micro Finance (* As in March 10) Capacity Building/Training: 12 programmes with 210 participants

41 41 RECENT INITIATIVES BY DONER 1. NEC and Power Grid Corporation have jointly funded preparation of DPRs for transmission, sub-transmission and distribution network which is likely to cost around Rs.10,000 crore. 2.Development Seminars focusing on backward districts of the region held in cooperation with the State Governments: Bishnupur & Senapati in Manipur Bishnupur & Senapati in Manipur West Garo Hills in Meghalaya West Garo Hills in Meghalaya Karbi Anglong and North Cachar hills in Assam Karbi Anglong and North Cachar hills in Assam Mon, Tuensang, Kiphire and Longleng in Nagaland Mon, Tuensang, Kiphire and Longleng in Nagaland 3.Review of Central Schemes for their suitability for NER for seven selected Ministries. 4.Supplementary loan obtained from International Fund for Agricultural Development for expansion of North Eastern Regional Community Resource Management Project for Upland Areas (NERCORMP) in Assam, Manipur and Meghalaya. 5.Master Plan for tourism being prepared by NEC through Tata Consultancy Services.

42 42 Infrastructure - POWER Action Taken  NEC and PowerGrid Corporation have joing funded preparation of DPRs for transmission, sub-transmission and distribution network which is likely to cost around Rs.10,000 crore.  PGCIL to invest more in the trunk transmission lines to improve inter and intra-region connectivity.  About 100 projects for hydro power development awarded in Arunachal Pradesh.  Two gas based projects – Palatana and Monarchawk coming up in Tripura.  Bongaingaon Thermal Power Project being implemented by NTPC.  Foundation stone laid by Hon’ble Prime Minister for Pare (110 MW) and Dibang (3000 MW) Power Projects in Arunachal Pradesh.

43 43  The key objective of SARDP-NE is to strengthen the intra-region road connectivity in the North East. The States Capitals would be connected by at least two- lane road to the National Highways. Similarly, District Headquarter towns which are not already connected or covered under other schemes are also proposed to be covered under SARDP-NE.  Components: Total covers construction/improvement/DPR preparation of 9740 km in three phases: Total covers construction/improvement/DPR preparation of 9740 km in three phases: Phase-A 2596 km Phase-A 2596 km Phase-B 4825 km (only approved for DPR so far) Phase-B 4825 km (only approved for DPR so far) Arunachal Pradesh Package2319 km Arunachal Pradesh Package2319 km Total approved cost so far Rs crore Total approved cost so far Rs crore Implementation by State PWDs, BRO, NHAI Implementation by State PWDs, BRO, NHAI Likely completion 2017 Likely completion 2017 Infrastructure - Roads SARDP-NE

44 44   In view dispersed habitations with low population density, special cluster approach for determining Population size:   Population of all habitations within 1.5 km of path distance is clubbed to determine population of cluster for connectivity under the programme.   In case of Blocks bordering the International boundary in the Hill States, the habitations within path distance of 10 km to be treated as cluster.   Two stage construction permitted in Hill Areas.   First Stage: Formation cutting, drainage and slope protection. Provides basic access in fair weather.   Second Stage:. Pavement work, additional slope protection works, if required, after two rainy season’s for formation to stabilize. Provides all weather connectivity. Infrastructure - Roads PMGSY - Special Provisions for NE States

45 45 Infrastructure - Roads PMGSY - Connectivity Status Infrastructure - Roads PMGSY - Connectivity Status (as on 31 st March 2008) S. No State EligibleBalanceEligibleBalanceEligibleBalance 1Aru. Prad Assam Manipur Meghalaya Mizoram Nagaland Sikkim Tripura Total

46 46 46 Infrastructure - Railways National Projects of Railways in NER Bhairabhi – Sairang New Line (Assam – Mizoram, kms) Bhairabhi – Sairang New Line (Assam – Mizoram, kms) Bogibeel Bridge with linking lines (Assam, over Brahmaputra, 73 kms) Bogibeel Bridge with linking lines (Assam, over Brahmaputra, 73 kms) Dimapur – Zubza (Kohima) New Line (Nagaland and Assam, 88 kms) Dimapur – Zubza (Kohima) New Line (Nagaland and Assam, 88 kms) Jiribam - Tupul - Imphal New Line (Manipur, 97.9 kms) Jiribam - Tupul - Imphal New Line (Manipur, 97.9 kms) Lumding – Silchar – Jiribam and Badarpur – Kumarghat Gauge Conversion (Assam-Manipur and Assam-Tripura, 367 kms) Lumding – Silchar – Jiribam and Badarpur – Kumarghat Gauge Conversion (Assam-Manipur and Assam-Tripura, 367 kms) Rangia-Murkongselek with linked fingers Gauge Conversion (Assam, kms) Rangia-Murkongselek with linked fingers Gauge Conversion (Assam, kms) Azra – Byrnihat New Line (Assam-Meghalaya, 30 kms) Azra – Byrnihat New Line (Assam-Meghalaya, 30 kms) Agartala – Sabroom New Line (Tripura, 110 kms) Agartala – Sabroom New Line (Tripura, 110 kms) Sevoke-Rangpo New Line (West Bengal-Sikkim, 52.7 kms) Sevoke-Rangpo New Line (West Bengal-Sikkim, 52.7 kms) Byrnihat – Shillong (Meghalaya - announced in Railway Budget Speech of 2010) Byrnihat – Shillong (Meghalaya - announced in Railway Budget Speech of 2010)

47 47 Infrastructure - Inland Water Transport Developments Indo-Bangladesh IWT Protocol on Trade and Transit extended upto March, Indo-Bangladesh IWT Protocol on Trade and Transit extended upto March, During the visit of PM of Bangladesh, Sheikh Hasina, to India, in December 2009, it was agreed that Ashuganj in Bangladesh and Silghat in India shall be declared ports of call. During the visit of PM of Bangladesh, Sheikh Hasina, to India, in December 2009, it was agreed that Ashuganj in Bangladesh and Silghat in India shall be declared ports of call. Kaladan Multi-Modal Transit Transport Facility between Myanmar and India being constructed. Expected to be completed by Will provide alternate sea routes through Myanmar from eastern sea ports of India. Kaladan Multi-Modal Transit Transport Facility between Myanmar and India being constructed. Expected to be completed by Will provide alternate sea routes through Myanmar from eastern sea ports of India. Brahmaputra river from Dhubri to Sadiya (891 kms) declared as National Waterway-II. Brahmaputra river from Dhubri to Sadiya (891 kms) declared as National Waterway-II. Barak river from Lakhipur to Bhanga (121 kms) to be declared as National Waterway-VI – is under process. Barak river from Lakhipur to Bhanga (121 kms) to be declared as National Waterway-VI – is under process.

48 48 48 Infrastructure - Civil Aviation Actions 1. Comprehensive study to be taken up by DGCA on all aviation related issues in NER. Study will be funded by NEC. 2. NEC has been giving viability gap funding to Air since 2002 for operating intra-NER services. Arrangement will continue upto Up-gradation of operational airports being done by Airport Authority of India with financial support by NEC (60:40). All works almost completed. 4. Greenfield airport for Sikkim at Pakyong, Gangtok will be completed by January, Ministry of DONER is in discussion with Ministry of Civil Aviation for promoting aviation sector in NER.

49 49 Infrastructure - Civil Aviation Actions 6. NEC is going to fund AAI for construction of airport at Tezu, Arunachal Pradesh. 7. Ministry of Defence is constructing Advance Landing Grounds in eight locations in Arunachal Pradesh. 8. However, number of flights and airlines serving the region has improved considerably. Improvement in connectivity in terms of number of aircrafts and points connected is the need of the hour.

50 50 Look East Policy and the North East Look East Policy and the North East  Objective of Look East Policy vis-à-vis the North East is to leverage its 96% international boundary and cultural and historical ties with East and South-East Asia for trade, commerce and cultural relations.  Look East has entered the lexicon of the North East Region and Central Ministries have been sensitized.  Recent Initiatives:  Opening of Nathula Pass in Sikkim for Border Trade.  Agreement on Kaladan Multimodal Transport Project with Myanmar.  Commencement of Agartala – Dhaka – Kolkata bus service.  Exchanges of trade and cultural delegations between North Eastern States and neighbouring countries particularly Bangladesh, Thailand and Myanmar are on the rise.

51 51 51 Thank You


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