7 Though food grain production increased marginally from 418.65 lakh M.T in 2006-07 to 420.90 lakh M.T. in 2007-08, it increased appreciably to 454.25 lakh M.T. in 2008-09 against the planned target of 497.07 lakh M.T. During XIth plan it is targeted to achieve 538.25 lakh M.T. by 2011-12. Appropriate planning and strategies have been finalized to attain planned foodgrain production in the remaining three years. There have been lapses in achieving the production target of Pulses due to drought in Rabi 2007-08 and floods in Kharif 2008-09. Strategies have also been made to achieve XIth plan targets in the remaining three years. Achievements of First Two Years- An Analysis
8 1.Subsidy on Bio-fertilizes enhanced from 75% to 90%. 2.Subsidy on Gypsum, Zinc Sulphate, Bio-pesticides and Bio-agents raised from 50% to 90%. 3.Subsidy on Seed production and Seed distribution allowed to private sector also. 4.Provision of 90% subsidy on Barbed wire fencing to protect Pulse crop. 5.Gypsum and all type of seeds exempted from VAT. 6.VAT reduced from 12.50 % to 4% on Sprinkler and Drip irrigation system. 7.Mandiwise market rates of agricultural produce now available on mobile/phone through BSNL Toll Free No. 1255534. State Initiatives
9 8.Pulses production scheme under state sector- Under this scheme main emphasis are given to tackle the menace of Blue-Bulls. 9.CUG facility extended amongst staff for quick and smooth communication. 10.In Bundelkhand region subsidy on Sprinkler and Drip irrigation system increased from 50% to 100%(Small, marginal, SC and ST farmers) and 75% to others. 11.Subsidy of Rs. 4000 per qtls. for notified varieties of Hybrid Paddy provided. 12.Subsidy of Rs. 200 per qtls. on seed distribution and also on production provided to private agencies.
10 1.Record Food Grain production estimated 454.25 lakh MT. 2. Contributed 31.36 lakh MT of Wheat against target of 25 and 43.82 lakh MT of Paddy against target of 26 lakh M T in national pool. 3.SRR strikes 30.17% as against 25.40% achieved in 2007-08. 4. 80.79 lakh MT fertilizers distributed against 73.99 lakh MT in 2007-08 which is 9.19% higher. 5.7620 KL/MT plant protection chemicals distributed in kharif 08 against 7089 KL/MT in kharif 07, which is up by 7.50% over the last year. 6.Use of Bio-pesticides and Bio-Agents enhanced to 1076 MT which is 14.1% of chemicals. 7. 20 lakh Bio-fertilizer packets distributed by DoA and 30 lakh through private retailers which is 27% higher over last year. Highlights & Best Practices
11 8. 19.88 lakh soil samples analyzed under the “Apni Mitti Pahachanen Campaign” and recommendation through Soil Health Cards provided to farmers. 9.Five days Mega Farmer’s Fair organized during Kharif and Rabi in each agro-climatic zone. 10.65% seeds in Kharif and 59% Rabi seeds treated in the “Seed Treatment Campaign”. 11. Under National Crop Insurance Scheme, 23.98 lakh farmers ensured and 30.05 lakh ha area covered from the premium of Rs. 63.94 crores and Rs. 213 crore compensation paid in 2007-08. 12. In Bundelkhand, sprinkler and drip irrigation systems being provided to the marginal/small and SC/ST farmers on 100% and to other farmers on 75% subsidy.
12 Issues in Agriculture 1-Seed -Release of new varieties. - Production & Management. 2- Poor Soil Health, fertility & unbalanced use of fertilizers. fertilizers. 3- Inadequate Credit flow. 4-Land degradation and depleting Water resources. 5- Extension 6- Slow pace of Mechanization 7-Inadequate pace of Research and Technology development.
13 1.Thrust on maximizing area under hybrid-rice. (From existing 10 lakh ha area to 30 lakh ha. GOI requested to supply additional 50000 qtls of certified hybrid seeds or allow subsidy on notified hybrid varieties.) 2. Spreading of suitable varieties for water logged/flood affected area. (Ambitious programme of covering 6 lakh ha water logged area with SWARNA Sub-1 variety. GOI requested to release SWARNA Sub-1 variety at the earliest.) 3. Extension of SRI technology. (Steps being taken to spread SRI technology in other than NFSM Districts(26). GOI requested to allow SRI demonstration in Macro Mode Assistance also.) 4. Spread of Basmati variety of rice in western U.P. 5. Intensification of Integrated Pest Management (IPM) technology 6. Mechanical weeding and inter culture. Crop-wise Production Strategy: Rice
14 1. Promotion of Zero-Till-Seed drill and Rotavator. (Subsidy on Rotavator in macro mode scheme to kept at par with NFSM.) 2. Efficient irrigation management practices. (100% subsidy on drip & sprinkler irrigation system in Bundelkhand region and 75% in rest of the state against actual cost should be allowed in GOI schemes.) 3. Popularization of new high yielding varieties through mini-kits. 4. 100% seed treatment to be ensured. 5. Encouraging the balanced use of fertilizers as per soil test and also the use of organic manure and bio-fertilizers. 6. Encouraging the use of micro-nutrients especially zinc sulphate in deficient area. 7. Thrust on timely sowing of wheat. 75% by the end of November. 8. A short duration high yielding variety of HALNA popularized for late sown wheat areas. 9. Promoting integrated weed management against Phalaris minor and wild oat. Wheat
15 1- Need for genetic breakthrough in Pulses. 2- Enhancing Breeder, Foundation and Certified seed production. - Adequate quantity of breeder seed needs to be ensured. - Subsidy for certified seeds to be enhanced from Rs.1200/qtls to 50% of the Selling Price) 3- Un-remunerative MSP (Need to enhance MSP and declaration before sowing season) 4. Thrust on use of gypsum in sulphur deficient areas. 5. Bundelkhand region which contributes maximum area in pulses, the facility of micro irrigation (sprinkler irrigation) system has been extended in a big way. 6. Coverage of pulses in newly developed lands under soil conservation 7. Inter-Cropping of pulses with spring sown sugarcane. 8. Protection of pulses against damage by Blue Bulls. (Blue bull required to be kept out of Animal Protection Act.) Pulses
16 Oilseeds 1. Enhancing Breeder, Foundation and Certified seed production. - Adequate quantity of breeder seed needs to be ensured. - Subsidy for certified seeds to be enhanced from Rs.1200/qtls to 50% of the Selling Price) 2. Thrust on use of gypsum in Sulphur deficient areas. 3. Increase area under oil seeds in rain-fed conditions and efficient moisture conservation. 4. Coverage of oilseeds in newly developed lands under soil conservation scheme. 5. Popularizing new varieties through seed mini-kits programme. 6. IPM coverage in more areas.
17 Seed Varieties recommended for release by S.V.R.C Sl no CropNo.Varieties 1Paddy121-Improved Swarna (Swarna Sub-1) 2- Lalmati 3-Kala Namak 4-Pant Kala Namak-313 5-MAUB-21 (Vallabh Basmati) 6.NDR-02064 7-HUR-4-3 8-HUR- 105 9-NDR-9830132 10-NDR-9830144 11- NDR-3112- 1 12- NDR-K-5888 2Wheat21-KD-9851, 2- K-0402 3Barley1NDB-943 4Rai/Sarson1NDYS-2018 5Ground nut1ICGV-9346 (Avatar) 6Jowar1SPB-1528 (Vijeta) 7Moong1KM-2195 (Swati) 8Toria21-Vallabh Tarameera-1, 2-Vallabh Tarameera-2 9Tobacco1ST-1 10Jute1NDC-9102 23 varieties recommended by SVRC. GOI requested to notify SWARNA Sub-1
18 Season 2006- 072007- 082008- 092009- 102010- 112011- 12 Kharif 5.8126.96.36.1999.6010.73 Rabi 24.9927.6133.2534.2735.4436.58 Total 30.8735.8541.4042.7345.0547.32 Seed Distribution (Lakh Qtls) Availability of breeder seed needs to be ensured as per the requirement. SRR (%) Season 2006- 072007- 082008- 092009- 102010- 112011- 12 Kharif 22.4423.6626.3027.2830.9634.59 Rabi 23.5426.0031.3232.2833.3834.46 Total 22.5125.4030.1931.1632.8434.49
21 Soil Health Existing Scenario A. Major Nutrients B. Secondary and Micro Nutrients Sl. No. Plant NutrientsNo. of Districts LowMarginalSufficientTotal 1-Sulphur (S)19470571 2-Zinc (Zn)23420671 3-Iron (Fe)04442371 4-Copper (Cu)0155671 5-Manganese (Mn)0304171 Sl. No. Plant NutrientsNo. of DistrictsTOTAL Very low LowMediumVery High 1-Organic Carbon (N)165401-71 2-P442601-71 3-K02462371
22 1.Massive programme on Green Manuring to cover 6 lakh ha. in next 3 years. 2.6.24 lakh Vermi/NADEP Pits to be constructed in next 3 years. 3.Around 4 crores packets of bio-fertilizer to be distributed in remaining plan period. 4.Soil Testing capacity to be enhanced from 20 lakh per annum to 40 lakh per annum to ensure balanced use of fertilizer. 5.Micro Nutrient testing facility to be extended upto Tehsil level( At present it is at Regional level). 6.Before each crop season “APNI MITTI PAHCHANE ABHIYAN”-a regular feature for collecting Soil samples on fixed dates. Soil Health Activities
23 1. Krishi Pracharak (Kisan Mitra) made functional in each Gram Panchayat (52000). 2.One SMS to be placed in each Nyaya panchayat. (4000 already working at Naya Panchayat as Technical Assistant and 4000 to be placed on contract under RKVY) 3.One farm school /in each Block/NP (at Present 1435 are functional) 4.ATMA Sandesh bi- monthly Agri.-News letter from Dainik Jagran under PPP mode started reaching in each Gram Sabha. 5.Networking of 7 Community Radio Stations (CRS). (Sanction of 6 CRS still awaited) Extension Strategies
24 6. 5 days VIRAT KISAN MELA in each agro-climatic zone being organized from Kharif 2008 7. Kheti-Bari Mahina to be organized from Rabi 2009-10. 8.Involvement of Private Sector (ITC, Excel Crop cox, NFL, Seed companies in a big way. 9. Use of C.U.G. Facility extended to extension functionaries. 10. Vikreta Se Visheshagya- massive training programme for input dealers.
25 1Farm Power Availability : U P1.75 KW/ha 2Farm Power Availability : National1.35 kW/ha 3Tractor7.97 lakh 4Paddy thresher0.20 lakh 5Wheat thresher6.17 lakh 6Other thresher0.17 lakh 7Electric Pump set4.78 lakh 8Diesel Pump set33.83 lakh 10State Tube well0.28 lakh Level of Agriculture Mechanization* Farm Mechanization Existing Status
26 Farm Mechanization 1.1880 Rotavators, 1368 Zero Till, 16364 Pump Sets, 1051 Power Threshers and 11479 other farm implements distributed under NFSM and Micro mode. 2.71 LASER LEVELLERS, one in each district provided for demonstrating and facilitating precision levelling. 3.Massive programme to increase use of Rotavatore, Zero Till Seed Drill, Pump Sets, Power weeders and other farm implements under NFSM. 4.Subsidy of Rs. 20,000 for Rotavator in MMA to be made at par with Rs.30,000 provided in NFSM.
27 (Lakh M.T.) Sl. No.Fertilizer Fertilizer DistributionRequirement 2006-072007-082008-092009-10 2010-112011-12 1UREA51.6852.2454.8656.00 57.00 2DAP13.2114.7716.4017.5018.0018.50 3NPK6.938.887.0310.5011.0011.50 4MOP1.232.362.482.853.003.25 Total73.0578.2580.7786.8588.0090.25 Consumption (Kg/ha.) 153155158162163166 NPK Ratio 17:5:111:4:1 9:3:1 8:3:1 Fertilizer Emphasis on the use of NPK complex. 3 New Fertilizer Testing Laboratories are proposed in GOI funded NPMSF Scheme.
28 Pesticides Consumption (T G) S No Group of Pesticide Achievements( MT)Target ( MT) 2006-072007-082008-092009-102010-112011-12 1 Insecticide302530432736310032003300 2 Fungicide138713071242140015001600 3 Herbicide180417821704185019002000 4 Rodenticids / Fumigants205138130250275300 5 Bio- pesticide104810551076140016001800 Total746973256888800084759000 90 % subsidy on seed treatment chemicals for all and Bio- pesticides & Bio- agents for small/ marginal & SC/ST farmers. 50 % subsidy to small/ marginal on PP equipments, Storage bin and Eco-friendly pesticides. and eco-friendly pesticides on 75 % subsidy to S.C./S.T. Thrust on enhancing use of bio-pesticides and bio-agents in next 3 years.
29 Sl. No Problem Total area Area Treated Up to Xth Plan Balance area as on 01.04.07 Area treated during Targets Total Area to be treated during XIth Plan 2007-082008-09 2009-102010-112011-12 1Degraded lands A.Arable60.6644.5316.131.543.29 3.122.923.2714.14 B.Non Arable12.875.297.580.170.20 0.190.170.220.95 Total73.5349.8223.711.713.49 3.313.093.4915.09 2Special Problematic Land ARavines 12.305.686.621.681.36 0.980.941.046.00 BSodic 11.516.085.430.05 0.250.400.80 CWater Logged 8.101.546.560.800.63 0.60 3.23 DDiara and Khadar 15.001.5913.410.090.04 0.05 0.28 Total 46.9114.8932.022.622.08 1.681.842.0910.31 Grand Total 120.4464.7155.734.335.57 4.984.935.5825.40 Due to faulty cultivation practices and improper use of land and introduction of irrigation system without proper drainage about 20,000 ha. land is being converted in to problematic soil every year. 35000 ha land being shifted from agriculture to non agricultural use every year. Status of Problem Soil Area in Lakh ha.
30 Strategies regarding NRM 1.Selection of micro watershed on ridge to valley concept. 2.Integrated approach for reclamation. 3.Livelihood support to land less in watershed. 4.From selection of watershed to execution through people participation. 5.Bringing the treated area under cultivation. 6.Sustainable management of watershed on the basis of land capability. 7.Sensitizing about open grazing, tree felling and faulty cultivation. 8.Increasing coverage by crops or vegetation.
31 Crop LoanKCC Sl. No. YearAchievement ( in Crores) Per capita Loaning ( Rs) Distribution (No in Lakh) 1.2006-078704.98401122.13 2.2007-0810600.21488420.54 3.2008-099714.44447623.75 4.2009-1011124.00512629.65 5.2010-1114496.00668032.00 6.2011-1216984.00782735.00 Rs. in Crore Crop Loan and KCC At present, no of functional KCC is 66.42 Lakh. Reduction of interest rate on crop loan from prevailing 7% to 4%.
32 Marketing By increasing density of mandi yards from existing one mandi per 854 sq km to one mandi per 100 sq.km. By developing infrastructure facilities liike electronic weigh bridges, combined linear assembly lines for washing, sorting, grading, packaging, ripening and controlled conditioned storage space. By developing a state of the art terminal market at Greater Noida to cater the organized retail market of the agriculture produce in Delhi and its satellite towns. Installation and commissioning of radiation plant at Saharanpur and vapour heat treatment plant at Lucknow.
33 Issues for Consideration of GOI 1.Seeds- - Adequate quantity of breeder seeds of Pulse and Oilseeds must be ensured. - Subsidy to be allowed on notified varieties of Hybrid Rice. - Subsidy on certified Seeds of Pulses must be enhanced from Rs. 1200 per quintal to 50% of actual cost. 2.Credit Flow- - Reduction of interest rate on crop loan from prevailing 7% to 4%. - Banks should appoint KCC agents which will help in issuing KCC to all the eligible farmers. 3.Setting Up of new Institute- - ICAR is establishing 3 institute on biotechnology, biotic stress and abiotic stress to face the emerging challenges. G.O.U.P. is prepared to provide space at Rahamenkhera, Lucknow and Mauranipur,Jhansi. 4.Fertilizers- - New railway rake points should be developed at broad gauge network at Jarwal Road, Robertsganj, Fafund, Gursahaiganj, Baghpat, Kasganj, khalilabad, Padrauna, Kaushambi, Chitrakoot, Hathras etc.
34 - Urgent need to increase no. of fertilizer buffers of IFFICO from existing 10 to 18, one each in every revenue division( Banda,(Jhansi,Allahabad, Azamgarh,Basti, Devipatan, Saharanpur Mathura.) - Policy of advance payment if MRP for the arrangement of of DAP should be reconsidered. The burden should not be on the state. 5.Farm Mechanization- - Subsidy of Rs. 20,000 for Rotavator in MMA to be made at par with Rs.30,000 provided in NFSM. - Subsidy should also be allowed on pumpsets of an 10 H.P in MMA as has been allowed in NFSM. 6.Quality Control- - One Bio-pesticides Quality Control, One Plant Quarantine Lab need to be established. - Three new fertilizer testing lab proposed in G.O.I funded NPMSF scheme. 7.Minimum Support Price- - MSP of crops specially Oilseed and Pulses to be declared before sowing season.