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By: Kelly L. Durham, Tracy Wolfington & Yvette Sandoval.

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Presentation on theme: "By: Kelly L. Durham, Tracy Wolfington & Yvette Sandoval."— Presentation transcript:

1 by: Kelly L. Durham, Tracy Wolfington & Yvette Sandoval

2  Organization against nuclear energy.  Promote a better environment for the community.  Involving community by educating and informing.

3  Very expensive  Dangerous  Pollutes the air  Health Effects  Increased Terrorism

4  Cost ◦ Initial cost to build was $974 million ◦ 1981, four years behind schedule ◦ 1989, new estimate was $4.4-4.8 billion ◦ San Antonio owns 40% of the South Texas Nuclear Generating Station. ◦ 2006, estimates of two new generators $10-$13 billon ◦ October of 2009, estimated costs increased by $4 billon

5  “In fact, we need to triple the number of reactors in the United States (currently 104) and probably quadruple or more the number across the world (currently about 440), all by the year 2050.”  Not only do we have the cost of research, building, and maintenance to deal with, but the cost of ‘near misses’ and public safety are of grave concerns.

6  Water usage as high as 23,170 gallons per minute  Enough to fill 1,140 pools per day  Bexar County is in a drought  “You need a lot of water to operate nuclear plants, this is becoming a crisis.” Jim Warren, executive director of N.C. Waste Awareness and Reduction Network

7 Near misses and catastrophic disasters:  Cooling tower collapse at the Vermont Yankee Nuclear Power Plant, August 2007.  South Texas Project, radioactive leakage found in inspections in 2003  Davis-Besse, severe degradation of the nuclear reactor vessel head that went unnoticed for year, Ohio 2002  February 11, 1981: Eight workers are contaminated when more than 100,000 gallons of radioactive coolant fluid leaks into the contaminant building of the Tennessee Valley Authority's Sequoyah 1 plant in Tennessee.

8  RADIOACTIVE WASTE ◦ Some high level nuclear waste can stay active for 100,000 years ◦ Low level nuclear waste can stay active for 10-50 years. ◦ Same technology to development nuclear weapons ◦ The International Panel on Fissile Materials (IPFM),estimates that there are roughly 1,700 tons of highly enriched uranium (HEU) ◦ 500 tons of separated plutonium in the world ◦ Enough for more than 100,000 nuclear weapons.

9  April 26, 1986: Chernobyl nuclear power plant.  Radiation released over much of Europe  It took three days before all permanent residents of Chernobyl and the Zone of alienation were evacuated due to unsafe levels of radioactivity.  They were exposed to levels of over 500 roentgens, which is a fatal dose.  A New Safe Confinement structure will be built by the end of 2011, and then will be moved into place on rails.

10  Promoting & developing energy efficiency programs ◦ Credits for energy consumers using certified energy efficient appliances ◦ Voucher program to spur consumers to upgrade appliances  Developing more wind power and large-scale concentrated solar facilities ◦ South Texas has these natural resources in abundance  Solar collectors installed on rooftops  Geothermal land cogeneration to utilize waste heat  Energy storage is becoming more of a reality, and can combine solar and wind to create baseload power.

11  Extra 200 MW of Energy Efficiency Cost: $100 Million  Install 500 MW of wind Cost: $1 billion  Develop a 500 MW Solar on Rooftops Program Cost: $210 Million  Develop 500 MW of Utility-Scale Solar Cost: $1 billion  Install 200 MW of Wind Turbines plus Storage Cost: $550 million  Install 100 MW of Geothermal Cost: $400 million  Build a 100 MW Biomass Plant Cost: $285 million

12  ENERGY EFFICIENCY ◦ Cheap Resource  Average cost of energy efficiency resource is 1-4 cents/kilowatthour vs. new nuclear power costs 12-20 cents ◦ Easily Attainable  CPS Energy plans to save 771 megawatts of power through energy efficiency by 2020. This amount of power is the size of a large coal plant at a fraction of the cost. ◦ Big Potential  2004 CPS study to find out how much energy efficiency is available & cost effective  Results: 1220 Megawatts  With the city’s growth & CPS’ small stable of efficiency programs probably even more today

13 ◦ Jobs  Investing in energy efficiency requires work to be done in San Antonio. Thus it creates local green jobs that cannot be outsourced.  Proposed investment in reactors that would be built in Bay City & Japan ◦ Dynamic & Adaptable  San Antonio continues to grow but the pace has slowed due to the recession.  Energy efficiency is an optimal resource because it comes in smaller chunks and is more easily tailored to meet incremental growth in electric demand.  Nuclear reactors only come in one size: extra large.

14  Wind & Solar Power Facilities ◦ San Antonio & South Texas have the space and land available to develop these types of facilities ◦ San Antonio & South Texas also have wind and solar resources in abundance due to the climate ◦ Safe for the environment and people ◦ Non-pollutant ◦ Creation of jobs and stimulation of local economies

15  CPS has power & resources to deflect opposition ◦ Their plan & presentation is not fulsome nor does it anticipate alternative scenarios or plans  Persuading City Council of San Antonio & Mayor Julian Castro to explore alternative energy sources & energy efficiency programs  Energia Mia’s lack of visibility to the general population  Until this class, although I was aware of the proposed nuclear project, unaware of Energia Mia and their mission

16  Mailings & Local Meetings ◦ Utilize branch libraries to hold informational meetings for communities  Further development of existing Energia Mia website ◦  Developing local neighborhood action groups through Energia Mia ◦ Volunteers door to door campaign with well developed brochures & information ◦ Bilingual presentation

17  Sponsor/feature local businesses who practice energy efficiency  Section in the local & community papers  Social Networking Sites Facebook – Energia Mia has a group site 816427 816427 Twitter Reach a larger audience Gather more local support Post meetings & protest information

18  This class has introduced me to issues in the environment that I didn’t know existed.  Our environment is at risk and I think we are the ones to blame. I learned that education is the only way we as a community can come together and make the environment cleaner and better for the future.  Equality issues were brought to my attention when we read about factories and plants being built in low income areas. I think that the less fortunate have always been ignored and treated unequally. I think that this class has opened my eyes to that and I can educate other people about how equality should be maintained at all income levels. The issues of equality and justice I think go hand in hand. Those who are being treated unequal should have the same right to justice as other people regardless of income or ethnicity.

19  I have always known that poverty was an issue and this class made it more clear that we need to help the less fortunate. It is clear that even as money as the U.S has we are still not a rich country. Poverty is a worldwide problem.  Learning is the key to change. I think that every problem could be solved by educating the entire population. Reducing prices for “green” products would also make being environmentally smarter a lot more affordable.

20  Progression: My idea was based on ‘recycling’ There is more to the environment that recycling  Society is interrelated Through economics How land is used, and what is put on it  Energy production Affects the ozone Quality of water Pollution of land, air, and water

21  Social Economic Status Determines where you live How you survive Way of life is threatened Health

22  Environment ◦ At risk – in many ways – water, food, energy, land, beauty, ecosystem of non-human actants  Climate change due to Global Warming  Ozone Hole & Carbon Emissions  Pollution of land & water  Destruction of environment  Humans keep altering without regard for consequences  Changing natural habitat of plants & animals  Requires protection

23  Equality ◦ What equality? Equality for some, those who have the money, power, and means to demand it. ◦ Modern societies more often utilitarian rather than egalitarian  Poverty ◦ Worldwide problem, even in an agriculturally rich country like the US ◦ Not impossible to solve ◦ To effect change in disadvantaged, poor countries more advanced countries have a responsibility to provide people the knowledge and tools without the intent to disadvantage them economically and politically

24  Learning ◦ Knowledge is the answer! ◦ It is important to remember that knowledge is directly tied to our identities & social relations  Justice ◦ Egalitarian society & world ◦ One that allows justice for the entire environment human & non-human ◦ Need to effect change in our governments local, state & national by demanding the environment be recognized as a vital participant in the continuation of the human race

25  Go to Energia Mia website  Open the Citizen’s Toolbox  Sign the Petition to Stop Nuclear Energy  Contact your local council member & let him or her know that you support alternative energy options not nuclear reactors  Volunteer  Spread the word

26 “I would feel more optimistic about a bright future for man if he spent less time proving that he can outwit Nature and more time tasting her sweetness and respecting her seniority.” E. B. White

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