Presentation is loading. Please wait.

Presentation is loading. Please wait.

Tropical Sugar beet IFAD, Rome, November 08, 2007 Dilip Gokhale.

Similar presentations


Presentation on theme: "Tropical Sugar beet IFAD, Rome, November 08, 2007 Dilip Gokhale."— Presentation transcript:

1 Tropical Sugar beet IFAD, Rome, November 08, 2007 Dilip Gokhale

2 2 Tropical Sugar Beet (TSB) Oncoming Revolution in global Sugar, Ethanol and Alcohol production

3 3 Paradigm to Reality For the past two centuries, ever since Napoleon brought sugar beets to North Europe, beets are for ‘temperate climates’ and cane for ‘tropics’ After 11 years of research, Syngenta has developed varieties that give the same quantity sugar per land unit (ha or sq meter) as cane in: - Half the time and - With one third the water The key is the choice of right genetics, cultivation practices and development of farmer’s capability TSB will enable national Governments enormous flexibility to increase or decrease sugar, alcohol and ethanol production in five to six months

4 4 TSB Economic & Agronomic Aspects High yielding Tolerant to high temperature Performing on saline and alkaline soils Drought tolerant Excellent in rotation with most other crops Water saving An Industrial crop ready to be processed when the factory needs it. Just In Time!

5 5 Imperial valley, California High yield equal to 130 M.T /ha with 16.5% sugar content under extremely Hot conditions with temperatures of 40 c.

6 6 Kenana, Sudan Beets sown under a period with a daily max. temp. of 40 degrees C

7 7 A ”Greenhouse” The good soil-cover creates a suitable climate: High temperature above however, Lower temperature near the ground More CO2 40+ c 30 c

8 8 Excellent growth Dongola, Sudan 5 months old beet

9 9 High yielding Tolerant to high temperature Performing on saline and acidic soils Drought tolerant Excellent in rotation with most other crops Water saving An Industrial crop ready to be processed when the factory needs it. Just In Time!

10 10 Saline lands at Sangli, India

11 11 Ugar, India: Yield : 100 MT / ha. after partial land reclamation

12 12 Ugar : Sodic soil, not reclaimed. Yield : 50 MT/Ha

13 13 TSB: A New but Adapted crop which is: High yielding Tolerant to high temperature Performing on saline and alkaline soils Drought tolerant Excellent in rotation with most other crops Water saving An Industrial crop ready to be processed when the factory needs it. Just In Time!

14 14 Landslide in California Drought tolerance due to the deep root system Opening the way down to the moisture for following crops in the rotation Sugar beet tap roots 0……………….1 M……………….2 M..

15 15 Dongola, Sudan : Two months without irrigation

16 16 Ugar, India: reasonable good crop with 30 cm top soil

17 17 TSB: A New but Adapted crop which is: High yielding Tolerant to high temperature Performing on saline and alkaline soils Drought tolerant Excellent in rotation with most other crops Water saving An Industrial crop ready to be processed when the factory needs it. Just In Time!

18 18 Water saving

19 19 Tadla, Morocco. 15 M.T. / ha of of white sugar with a total water consumption of 600 mm / ha Saving of 10 Mio litres of water / ha

20 20 TSB: A New but Adapted crop which is: High yielding Tolerant to high temperature Performing on saline and alkaline soils Drought tolerant Excellent in rotation with most other crops Water saving An Industrial crop ready to be processed when the factory needs it. Just In Time!

21 21 With total N-deficiency during the last two months the beets are ready for harvest.

22 22 Sagar Sugar, Chittoor India Likely to commercialize TSB in India Govt. will finance two small trial factories of 100 M.T. / day capacity to go on stream in 1 st quarter 2007 Two other factories considering investment

23 23 Harvest at Sivarami Reddy’s plot: Sugar content 18%

24 24 Peru, Latin America

25 25 Nanning, China

26 26 KIRIITA Agricultural Self Help Group Kenya: Excellent TSB crop in six months at 2,600 m. msl where sugarcane requires 24 months

27 27 Familiar landscape in future with Syngenta TSB Trial at Coimbatore, India Coconut, sugarcane, banana and TSB all co- existing together

28 28 Based on evaporation transpiration*, brown and yellow are suitable for TSB TSB opportunity is global TSB span: 30 N to 30 S. First wave, India, Colombia, RSA Next, China, Brazil, Australia, U.S. / Mexico * Source: FAO

29 29 Benefits to farmers Economic benefits Annual net income $/farmer Other benefits Ability to use saline/alkaline soils unsuitable for any other crops Increase in soil productivity for next crop Change in cultivation attitude/behavior – require enhanced crop management including crop protection *Based on an exchange rate at $1 = INR Source: Syngenta trial data on sugarbeet; Syngenta executives Challenge Tropical sugarbeet +88% 1,160 2,170 Sugarcane

30 30 Source:Sugarbeet expert interviews; Syngenta trial data on TSB; Syngenta executives Benefits to society and governments Flexibility to increase /cut production of sugar in short time Additional land for food production Use saline soils, otherwise fallow Reduction of environmental carbon Save 10 Mio liters / ha TSB cultivation has significant benefits for society and governments

31 31 Source:Sugarbeet expert interviews; Syngenta trial data on TSB; Syngenta executives Benefits Economically beneficial by products Unlike cane, TSB does not generate own power Beet molasses is eco friendly Improve asset and manpower utilization / reduce cost TSB cultivation has significant benefits for industry Disadvantages

32 32 TSB is the most land / time efficient crop for sugar / biofuels

33 33  The first project of “HAPPY” worth INR 250 million started operating at 500 TCD capacity  Machines indigenously developed through SS Engineers and MOJJ Industries  In , farmers (1795) had planted 1525 acres The company has share capital from 12,296 small farmers  Commenced production of Ethanol in June,  Fresh planting of ~ 300 acres completed for 2008 India TSB projects

34 34 Happy India, aerial view

35 35 Happy India, arrival of beets

36 36 Happy India, processing of beets

37 37 Happy India, processing of beets

38 38 Happy India, processing of beets

39 39 Happy India, distillery

40 40  The second project, Samarth pilot plant at Ambad  Promoted by Union Minister of Agriculture and President of Vasantdada Sugar Institute through Samarth SSK – funded by Sugar Technology Mission  Planted 125 acres (50 ha) during Commenced production in April, 2007  Machines indigenously developed through NHEC for 100 TPD capacity  Planting for initiated – 25 acres completed Samarth Coop Sugar factory pilot plant

41 41 Samarth Coop Sugar factory pilot plant

42 42 Samarth Coop Sugar factory pilot plant

43 43 Thank you


Download ppt "Tropical Sugar beet IFAD, Rome, November 08, 2007 Dilip Gokhale."

Similar presentations


Ads by Google