Presentation on theme: "INTERGRATION OF ENERGY ACCESS IN RURAL DEVELOPMENT IN UGANDA"— Presentation transcript:
1INTERGRATION OF ENERGY ACCESS IN RURAL DEVELOPMENT IN UGANDA Benon Bena and James BaanabeMinistry of Energy and Mineral DevelopmentUgandaEU Energy Initiative Workshop and Policy DialogueHotel VIP, Maputo, Mozambique12-15 April 2005
2CONTENT OF THE PRESENTATION BackgroundPolicies on Energy and PovertyEnergy for Rural Transformation ProgrammeSelected Case StudiesIgloo fish processing plant situated near Majanji Landing Site on lake Victoria in Busia District.Njeru – Kayunga – Bbale Rural Electrification ProjectFish processing Plant at BukakataSsembabule Rural Electrification SchemeKaweri Coffee Plantation LimitedSolar Electrified AreasConclusion
3BACKGROUNDUganda has a population of 26 million, 87% rural, in scattered nature.Uganda has consistently registered high economic performance over the last decade Growth rate averaging 6%Annual increase in per capita income of 3.7%Reduction in people living below poverty line: 56% in 1992 to 38% in 2004 BUTPoverty remains wide spread in rural areasPer capita income $320Inadequate infrastructure servicesLack of integration with markets
4Energy Situation In Uganda Biomass represents 93% of the national energy balancelowest per capita consumption of commercial energy in Africaenergy demand growingoil products imported (100%)renewable energies are abundant but not largely disseminatedelectricity load shedding and low electrification rate 9% constrain the economic and social development
5Electricity Access Access at national level only 9% Rural access to national grid only 3%Self electrification (gen-sets, PV, car batteries) about 1%
6POLICIES ON ENERGY AND POVERTY Energy PolicyPoverty Eradication Action Plan (PEAP)Power Sector Strategic Plan 1997, 1999Rural Electrification Strategy and Plan 2001
7The Energy Policy for Uganda GOAL:To meet the energy needs of Uganda’s population for social and economic development in an environmentally sustainable mannerOBJECTIVES:To establish the availability, potential and demand of the various energy resources in the countryTo increase access to modern affordable and reliable energy services as a contribution to poverty eradication (Pillar 1, 2 ,5 of the PEAP)To improve energy governance and administrationTo stimulate economic developmentTo manage energy-related environmental impacts
8Poverty Eradication Action Plan Five Pillars in the PEAPEconomic managementProduction, competitiveness and incomesSecurity, conflict-resolution and disaster-managementGovernanceHuman Development
9Power Sector Strategic Plan (1997,1999) It spelt-out a new policy direction in the power sector and emphasized:Need to make power sector financially viable.Involvement private sector in electricity.Increase of access to electricity.
10Electricity Act, 1999 Broke the monopoly of power utility-UEB Created a Regulator (ERA).made RE an obligationEstablishment of Rural Electrification Fund (REF)Minister had to develop strategy & planSpecial incentives for investments in RE
11The Rural Electrification Strategy and Plan It spelt out the mechanism of Rural Electrification and the targets:Institutional framework for the Rural Electrification Fund.Increase of rural electrification from 1% to 10% by 2012.Combination of delivery modes : grid extension, off-grid systems, solar PVs and renewable energy projects.
12The Rural Electrification Fund Channel for extending “smart subsidies”.Main sources of fundingGovernment budget5% levy from transmission bulk purchases from generation companiesGrants from bilateral and multilateral donorsCriteria for access based on:Financial and economic soundness of projectSound environmental impact statementPositive social returnEquitable electricity distribution
13ENERGY FOR RURAL TRANSFORMATION PROGRAMME (ERT) It is a ten year programme developed by GOU with support from World Bank/GEF.It is private sector led.Projects benefit from subsidies to buy down capital costs.The overall goal is to increase electricity access in rural areas from 1% to 10% by 2012.
14It addresses several delivery mechanisms: Grid extension where feasible;Decentralized mini grids;Solar PVs; andDevelopment of other renewable energy resources.
15OPERATIONAL FRAMEWORK OF ERT ERT has strong linkage with key production and human resource sectors: Agriculture, Health, Telecommunication, Water and Education.Target areas are: District Headquarters, Trading Centers, Agro Processing areas, Schools, Health Centers and Rural Water supply units.Service delivery mechanism and Project Developers: Private Sector, NGO’s, Local Communities and local governments.
16Lessons Learnt on ERTPrivate sector is reluctant to invest in RE projects. It perceive it as a high risk business- the thinking is have public leading is requiredTime it takes for private sector from project initiation to implementation is longNeed to have subsides such as GEF financing to buy down capital cost which lowers the tariff.Unlike GEF, PCF does not considerably lower the tariff.Programmes being developed should address the problem of affordability and the high upfront costs.
17Lessons Learnt on ERT Cont’d Linkages with other social and economic sectors in developing RETs is a big stimuli of developmentNeed to employ a mix of service delivery methods:Grid extension where feasible;Decentralized mini grids;Solar PVs; andDevelopment of other renewable energy resources.
18SELECTED CASE STUDIES OF ENERGY INTERGRATION IN RURAL DEV Igloo fish processing plant in Majanji - Busia District.SME’s on Njeru – Kayunga – Bbale Rural Electrification SchemeFish Processing Plant at Bukakata (Using a diesel generator)Ssembabule Rural Electrification SchemeKaweri Coffee Plantation Limited in Mubende District
19FISH PROCESSING PLANT IGLOO FOOD INDUSTRIES This is a fish factory situated near Majanji Landing Site on lake Victoria in Busia District.Provision of electricity to the site involved construction of a 10 km 33 kV line (three phase)Production Capacity: tonnes of fish/dayNumber of people employed: 400
20Majanji landing SiteFresh fish for the factory is received at this landing siteBeneficiaries include about 74 fishermen
21Ice Plant at Igloo Food Industries The company uses electricity to produce ice, to chill the fish and for refrigeration of the cold rooms.Ice Production: tonnes/day.The ice produced is used by fishermen to preserve the fish immediately it is caught.
22Loading Fish for Export Fish exports brings in foreign currency into the economy.
23SME’S ON NJERU – KAYUNGA - BBALE – RURAL ELECTRIFICATION PROJECT The project completed in July 2000 included construction of a 92 km 33 kV line from Njeru to Bbale and provision of distribution transformersMajor load centers on the project include,A stone quarry belonging to Nile Mining Company.13 maize millsFive coffee factoriesTwo milk cooling plantsThree secondary schools and six primary schoolsA health unit
24Coffee Processing Unit A small coffee processing unit connected to the grid.There are four other coffee mills connected to the grid.
25Maize Mill Kayunga – Bugerere Road There are 13 such maize mills on the line
26Bugerere Balunzi Diary Cooling Plant It belongs to a Cooperative society located in Baale.Capacity is 5000 litres a day.Serves about 120 farmers.Before the cooling plant was installed, the milk was taken to Kayunga town 44KM away.This greatly improved the milk quality reducing loses.
27Bugerere modern farm cooling plant Situated between Kayunga-Bbale.It serves 20 farmersIt handles 1800 litres of milk per day
28Bbale Health CentreMain energy source used before electrification was kerosene and charcoalThe hospital is connected to the grid nowElectricity is used for:LightingSterilisation of hospital equipment & medical suppliesRefrigeration of vaccinesPowering equipment for limited operation
29Kanjuki S.S.SThis is one of the secondary schools connected to the grid.Electricity is used for: lighting the class rooms which has made reading at night possible.Lighting in dometries - which has improved quality of life of the studentsSchool in take has increased to 800 students half of them reside at the school.
30FISH PROCESSING PLANT AT BUKAKATA, MASAKA It belongs to Fresh water fish exporters LtdThe factory currently uses a 265 kV diesel generator.It employs 250 peopleFactory capacity is 50 tonnes/day, however due to limited power, current production is 10 tonnes/day.
31Bukakata landing site The site is on Lake Victoria in Masaka District Fresh fish is harvested hereIt serves 20 fishermen.
32Ice making plant-Bukakata Cont’d The ice produced is used by fishermen to preserve the fish immediately it is caught
33Company Fuel Service Station-Bukakata Cont’d Fuel consumption by the plant is about 600 litres per day.
34Proposed Scheme for Extending Grid Power to Bukakata Proposed scheme will involve construction of a 35 km 33 kV line from Masaka to BukakataProject cost has been estimated at Ug. Shs 1.5 billion.From Bukakata the line would be extended to Kalangala Island (If funds are available)
35RURAL ELECTRIFICATION SCHEME IN SEMBABULE This involved construction of a 17 km power line from Matete to Ssembabule town and provision of distribution transformers.Electricity is used for: communication, car battery charging and in small enterprises in the town
36Coffee Processing Plant in Ssemabule Processes 150 bags per dayIt serves about 100 farmers
37Maize mill in Ssemabule One maize mill is in operation in the town.Previously the maize was grinded at a mill 10km away from Ssemabule
38KAWERI COFFEE PLANTATION LIMITED Government is providing 23 km of 33 kV line to the plantation.18 km has so far been constructed and commissionedTotal project cost is US $ 10M.When completed, the company will employ about 6000 people.
39Wet Coffee Processing Plant – Kaweri Plantations Ltd The wet processing plant has a capacity of 500 kg/hour. This is for carrying out trials.
40100 kVA TransformerA 100 kVA transformer serving the wet processing plant, the residential quarters3 transformers have been installed and powered.The remaining 2 transformers and 5 km of the line will be provided in the near future.
41Coffee PlantationPeak production capacity of the plantations is expected to be 4000 tonnes of coffee per year.
42CONCLUSIONGood policy frame addressing energy is key in increasing energy access.Rural energy used in enterprises has added value to agricultural products, thus improving the farmers’ incomes.Rural enterprises resulting from energy access have provided employment, hence reducing poverty levels.People’s lives have improved through provision of energy for social services (health, education and water)Private –public partnership with the public leading