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Education & Training of Professional Engineers: Perceptions & Realities Prof. Abang Abdullah Abang Ali President, Federation of Engineering of Institutions.

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Presentation on theme: "Education & Training of Professional Engineers: Perceptions & Realities Prof. Abang Abdullah Abang Ali President, Federation of Engineering of Institutions."— Presentation transcript:

1 Education & Training of Professional Engineers: Perceptions & Realities Prof. Abang Abdullah Abang Ali President, Federation of Engineering of Institutions of Islamic Countries (FEIIC) Professor & Director, Housing Research Centre, Universiti Putra Malaysia First Saudi Engineering Forum Engineering Education 2020 & Demands of the Industry May 2006, King Fahd University of Petroleum & Minerals, Dhahran.

2 First Saudi Engineering Forum, KFUPM, May Introduction Rapid growth of institutions of higher learning vs shrinking job markets University’s constraints & industry’s demands. Mutual recognition and mobility of engineers National engineering qualification framework & accreditation system Export of professional services

3 First Saudi Engineering Forum, KFUPM, May Global education & training scenario Globalisation Capacity building Education hub Qualification Framework Accreditation system Technical education & training (TEVT/VET).

4 First Saudi Engineering Forum, KFUPM, May 2006 Malaysian Engineering Formation Studies Malaysian Engineering Technologist and Engineering Technician, 2003 Blueprint for a highly competent engineering workforce Malaysian Engineering Education Model, Educating Future Industry Leaders. Formation of Engineers in Malaysia, Towards the Engineering Vision.

5 First Saudi Engineering Forum, KFUPM, May 2006 The Engineering Profession ( Formation of Engineers in Malaysia Study, 1996) Popular, well-respected, spearheading technology and wealth creation A vanguard of progress in the country An unending flow of novel ideas, new knowledge and innovative engineering solutions Exemplary professionalism and high ethical standards A source of creative future leaders.

6 First Saudi Engineering Forum, KFUPM, May 2006 Global Education,Training & Qualifications Scenario 1.Outcome-based education (OBE) & qualification systems 2.Competency-based training system instead of time-based. 3.Training more client-focused (SCL) 4.Stronger emphasis on flexible, life-long & e-learning

7 First Saudi Engineering Forum, KFUPM, May 2006 Reinventing the Profession

8 First Saudi Engineering Forum, KFUPM, May Interact with science and technology R&D, Discovery, Innovation, Invention, Patent, Commercialisation Engineering ScienceTechnology SET instead of S&T

9 First Saudi Engineering Forum, KFUPM, May Accommodate multidisciplinary activities Biosensors, DNA, Nanotechnology, Orthopedic Engineering

10 First Saudi Engineering Forum, KFUPM, May Nurture new engineering disciplines Computer Engineering, Aerospace Engineering, Bioengineering

11 First Saudi Engineering Forum, KFUPM, May Master generic skills Creative and Innovative Interpersonal skills Business skills Management Politics Economics Social

12 First Saudi Engineering Forum, KFUPM, May 2006 Formation of the Next Generation of Engineers

13 First Saudi Engineering Forum, KFUPM, May 2006 The Next Engineering Generation 1.New breed of professionals, who are 2.New engineering education and training model, emphasizing on 3.Tripartite involvement of the university, research institute and industry Multi-skilled; Captains of industry; At the forefront of knowledge & technology Comprehensive; Frontier work; Relevant to modern world

14 First Saudi Engineering Forum, KFUPM, May 2006 Indulgence in Innovation

15 First Saudi Engineering Forum, KFUPM, May 2006 Enhancing R&DC R&D important to remain competitive – trade liberalisation WTO/AFTA High cost – need to identify niche. To mobilise public and private sector. Missing Link, Winning Formula; relevance - lack of industry participation, funding, positioning & strategy alignment.

16 First Saudi Engineering Forum, KFUPM, May 2006 Innovation System Innovation culture - stimulate, nurture and reward creativity and entrepreneurship. –Competitive global environment - risk taking, new markets and competitors. –Industry- research network.

17 BEM/IEM/FEIIC Malaysian Incorporated Engineer (Engineering Technologist) & Engineering Technician Study Draft Final Report Feb 2003

18 First Saudi Engineering Forum, KFUPM, May 2006 Study Objectives 1.National requirement for Incorporated Engineers & Engineering Technician 2.Local & Overseas practice 3.Propose 1.education & training model 2.professional development route & 3.career path

19 First Saudi Engineering Forum, KFUPM, May 2006 Streams & Routes Stream Engineering (Engineering Technology) Technology Science Arts Routes Scientific / Academic –University degree Technical / Vocational ( TEVT / VET ) –Cert, Diploma, Degree –MLVK –BEM/IEM Pt I & II

20 Engineering Qualification Framework

21 First Saudi Engineering Forum, KFUPM, May 2006 UK 1.Chartered Engineer (4-yr MEng) 2.Incorporated Engineer (3-yr BEng) 3.{No Engineering Assistant} 4.Technician (HND/Adv GNVQ/NVQ3/HNC)

22 First Saudi Engineering Forum, KFUPM, May 2006 Ireland 1.Chartered Engineer (BE/BEng/BSc(Eng)/BAI) 2.Engineering Technologist (BTech) 3.Engineering Assistant (ND/TD) 4.Technician (NC/TC)

23 First Saudi Engineering Forum, KFUPM, May 2006 Germany 1.EurIng (Dipl-Ing / Dip-Ing (FH)) 2. - (Dip-Ing (BA)) 3.Technician (Meisterbrief / Gesellenbrief) (Currently Europe is adopting the European higher education standard known as BMD & its ECTS; education system)

24 First Saudi Engineering Forum, KFUPM, May 2006 France 1.EurIng (Dipl-Ing / DESS/DEA Matrise 2. - (Magistere / License) 3.Technician (DUT/BTS/DEUG/DEUST)

25 First Saudi Engineering Forum, KFUPM, May 2006 Australia 1.Chartered Professional Engineer (4-yr BEng) 2.Engineering Technologist (3-yr BEngTech/BTech) 3.Engineering Officer (Dip / Adv Dip) 4.Technician (Not in IEAust or Engineers Aust) –Cadetship (Technician; Cert III, Dip, Adv Dip) –Apprenticeship (Qualified Tradesperson; Cert III, IV) –Traineeship (Diff man/prod. Job; Cert I, II, III)

26 First Saudi Engineering Forum, KFUPM, May 2006 US 1.Professional Engineer (4-yr BS) 2.Engineering Technologist (4-yr BEngTech) 3.Engineering Assistant ( AAS/AET) 4.Technician (Certificate)

27 First Saudi Engineering Forum, KFUPM, May 2006 Canada 1.Professional Engineer (4-yr BSc) 2.Engineering Technologist (4-yr BEngTech) 3.Engineering Assistant (Diploma of Tech) 4.Technician (Certificate)

28 First Saudi Engineering Forum, KFUPM, May 2006 Malaysia (Current) 1.Engineer – BEng (Professional & Management; Degree, Level 5) 2.Technical Assistant - Dip (Supervisory; Diploma, Level 3 & 4) 3.Technicians – Cert ( Operations & Production; Certificate, Level 1 & 2)

29 First Saudi Engineering Forum, KFUPM, May 2006 EQF Country Comparison UKUSAustraliaMalaysia Current Malaysia Proposed CEng (MEng) PE (BS) CPEng (BEng) PEng (BEng) PEng (BEng) IncEng (3-yrBEng) EngTech (BEngTech) EngTech (BTech/BEngTech) NAEngTech (4yrBEngTech) NA EngOffcr (Dip/Adv Dip) TA (Dip) EngAssist (DipEngTech) Technician (Dip/HNC/ HND) Technician (AAS/AET/Cert) Technician (Cert/Dip/Adv Dip) Technician (Cert) Technician (CertEngTech)

30 First Saudi Engineering Forum, KFUPM, May 2006 Malaysia (Proposed) Engineer (Professional & Management 4-yr BEng) Engineering Technologist (Engineer 4- yr BEngTech) ? Engineering Assistant (Supervisor; DipEng or DipEngTech) to replace TA. Technicians (Operations & Production – Doer; CertEng or CertEngTech)

31 First Saudi Engineering Forum, KFUPM, May Malaysian Education & Training Scenario Malaysia aims to be an Education hub Malaysia doing well before globalization with exports RM5.2 billion (1970) to RM354.5 billion (2002). Nat’l success with heavy investment on physical infrastructures and trained manpower. But unable to compete on cheap manpower. Low cost of investment in education but high returns

32 First Saudi Engineering Forum, KFUPM, May 2006 Education & Training in Malaysia Increasing graduates, shrinking job market Malaysian Qualification Framework (MQF). Participate in global initiatives in accreditation – Washington, Sydney and Dublin Accords; EUR-ACE/ENAEE. Greater emphasis on high skills eg German fachhochschulen; importance of TEVT sector in Malaysia. One-stop Engineering Accreditation Council (EAC) Outcome-based education, SCL, PBL, ISO9001 (Quality Assurance).

33 First Saudi Engineering Forum, KFUPM, May 2006 Scientific PathEngineering Technology Path Work Force MIEM, P. Eng B. Eng 4 yr Grad Eng. Tech Professional Engineer Grad Engi neer STPM 18 mth Matric- ulation 12 mth *Dip Eng 3 yr Engineering Assistant *Dip Eng Tech 3 yr *Dip Eng 3 yr SPM School Leavers Cert 2 yr Cert 2 yr Engineering Technician MEET Education, Training and Professional Development Routes B.Eng Tech 4 yr Diploma graduates may be given credit transfer upon entry to degree programmes. **Bridging Programme recommended is BEM/IEM Part III examination or MS in Engineering or Engineering Technology ** Bridg Prog

34 First Saudi Engineering Forum, KFUPM, May 2006 The Scientific & Engineering Technology Paths Workplace Engineer Adv Design & R&D Engineering Technologist Applications & Practice Professional Practice Research Teaching Manufacturing Production Construction

35 First Saudi Engineering Forum, KFUPM, May 2006 International Mobility Accords Washington (PEng) Sydney (IncEng/EngTech) Dublin (Technicians) Eur-ACE/ENAEE EMF, APEC, ASEAN Engineers Register

36 First Saudi Engineering Forum, KFUPM, May Accreditation & Mutual Recognition Mutual Recognition Arrangements (MRAs) for Professional Services at 7 th Summit of ASEAN Leaders – free flow of professional services by Washington Accord – quality assurance process for accreditation process & standards of educational institution for education & training of engineers; Sydney Accord for engineering technologists; Dublin Accord for technicians. Eur-ACE/ENAEE for Europe In Malaysia, the Engineering Accreditation Council (EAC) reps from BEM, IEM, LAN & JPA.

37 First Saudi Engineering Forum, KFUPM, May Technical Manpower Mobility Engineers Mobility Forum (EMF), Engineering Technologist Mobility Forum (ETMF) and APEC Engineers agreement. EMF – Int’l Professional Engineers Register, same std as APEC Engineers Register. BEM is signatory. EMF rep to: –Ensure standards & criteria –Manage barriers to mobility –Encourage implementation of mobility procedures.

38 First Saudi Engineering Forum, KFUPM, May Development of Professional Services Professional Services Development Centre (PSDC) to promote; –CPD & lifelong learning –R&D uptake –Accreditation of professional service providers (PSP) to int’l standards & best practices.

39 First Saudi Engineering Forum, KFUPM, May Summary Globalization to stay; brings solutions & challenges. Interesting developments in Education & Training of Professional Engineers as well as Technical HRD / TEVT. Need to develop the local education & training model for competition in the local and int’l market comprising of engineering education and training model, professional development route & career pathway & promote and harmonise with the local engineering professional system.


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