Presentation on theme: "Dr. (Mrs.) Wunmi Hassan President/CEO High Tech Centre for Nigerian Women and Youths From Inventions to Innovations: Breeding Technopreneurs for the Transformation."— Presentation transcript:
Dr. (Mrs.) Wunmi Hassan President/CEO High Tech Centre for Nigerian Women and Youths From Inventions to Innovations: Breeding Technopreneurs for the Transformation of Nigeria e-Nigeria – 20 November, Tramscorp Hilton Abuja
OUTLINES Preamble Concepts Definitions Inventions Perspectives Concept of Innovation Raising Technopreneurs in Technology based Enterprises Opportunities for Business Developments in ICTs Concluding Remarks
STATEMENT OF COMMITMENT “We are going to run our economy based on Science and Technology….because there is no where in this World now that you can move your economy without science and technology. For the next 4 years we will emphasize so much on S&T because we have no choice, without that we are just dreaming….” Dr. Goodluck Ebele Jonathan, GCFR, 2011 “If innovation in Science and technology is a measure of the progress of a country …, then implementing our STI and ICT policies …. is a clear imperative for us..” Dr. Mrs. Omobola Johnson, HMCT 1 2 Statements of Committment
PREAMBLES If you have a technology or the idea for a product that you want to market profitably, you confront a long, vexing journey across tough terrain littered with the hulks of abandoned ideas, many of them good ideas. Some new products, however, do survive the trip. Dozens of them reach the market every year, sustaining the energy of the American economy and enriching their creators--- at least sometimes. US Department of Energy: Inventions & Innovation, 2000
PREAMBLES In today’s increasingly knowledge-driven world, Science and Technology (S&T) are the inseparable twin keys to progress and industrial growth In today’s increasingly knowledge-driven world, Science and Technology (S&T) are the inseparable twin keys to progress and industrial growth Global experiences have shown that the conduct of Scientific R&D does not robotically translate into development. Global experiences have shown that the conduct of Scientific R&D does not robotically translate into development. For them to have any economic impact, R&D activities have to For them to have any economic impact, R&D activities have to exist within a strong National Innovation System (NIS), exist within a strong National Innovation System (NIS), be creative, innovative and entrepreneurial be creative, innovative and entrepreneurial be connected with existing needs & demand be connected with existing needs & demand
It is largely carried out by researchers in higher educational institutions (HEIs), research institutes (public and private), and industrial firms. It is largely carried out by researchers in higher educational institutions (HEIs), research institutes (public and private), and industrial firms. Traditionally, Traditionally, Universities fulfil the dual purposes of teaching/manpower development and research geared towards the discovery of new knowledge while Universities fulfil the dual purposes of teaching/manpower development and research geared towards the discovery of new knowledge while research institutes engage in R&D activities geared towards new products/processes and/or application of new knowledge. research institutes engage in R&D activities geared towards new products/processes and/or application of new knowledge. Additional social demand of transferring technology to the business sector has been added in recent years. Additional social demand of transferring technology to the business sector has been added in recent years. R&D refers to creative work undertaken on a systematic basis in order to increase the stock of knowledge, including knowledge of man, culture and society, and the use of this stock of knowledge to devise new applications R&D refers to creative work undertaken on a systematic basis in order to increase the stock of knowledge, including knowledge of man, culture and society, and the use of this stock of knowledge to devise new applications R&D AND INVENTIONS: WHAT LINK ?
CATEGORIES OF RESEARCH Pure Basic Research NATURE GOAL TARGET AppliedResearchExperimentalDevelopment Experimental &theoretical Specific Application conceived Systematic work based on existing knowledge Knowledge Advancement Acquisition of New Knowledge New Mat’ls Product services New processes, systems & services CHARACTERISTICS
Invention is a unique or novel device, method, composition or process.noveldevice The invention process is a process within an overall engineering and product development process. result may be a radical breakthroughengineering Definition
Inventions in ICT: SOFTWARE UNIX Operating System Microsoft Windows Android OS Solary Hadoop Microsoft Office Oracle database Adobe creative suite Graphics and interaction design - Unity3d - Adobe technologies Object-oriented programming - Objective- C - C++ - Java - ruby or result may be a radical breakthrough
EXAMPLES OF SOFTWARE INVENTIONS
HARDWARE INVENTIONS or result may be a radical breakthrough
Software Remita Apps: Nigerian Constitution, iPolice, Gamification (Danfo) Inventions in ICTs across Nigeria
Hardware Peripherals Hardware Inventions in Nigeria ??????
HumanWare Skills in Nigeria
Innovation is something original, new idea, device or process and, as a consequence, new, that "breaks into" the market or society. This is accomplished through more effective products, processes, services, tech nologies, or ideas that are readily available to markets, governments and soci ety.
THE CONCEPT OF INNOVATION Innovation simply means the application of knowledge in production. we innovate when we apply what we know to produce what we need or solve our attendant problems. Innovation does not take place in isolation, but within a network of actors. Hence, the term system of innovation. Usually, this requires us to improve upon existing products, processes, management practices, marketing approach and organizational procedures – sort of thinking outside the box. Innovation is a process which comprises several stages and usually takes a considerable amount of time, conscious efforts and resources. 18
WHY INNOVATION? 19 INNOVATION S&T / ICTs in areas of local strength S&T / ICTs in areas of local strength N N Ideas Competitiveness N $ £N $ £ Socio-economic Dev. Creativity Knowledge (R&D) Knowledge (R&D) Skills Strengthening of the bond between ICTs and indeed S&T and society. Bridging the gaps between the activities of the scientific communities and the overall development aspirations of our people.
PROCESS INNOVATION POSITION INNOVATION TYPES OF INNOVATIONS PRODUCT INNOVATION PARADIGM INNOVATION
Do you Reinvent the Wheel? What then is required for you to be an innovator? Technical skills Market skills Business skills
OPTIONS FOR KNOWLEDGE-BASED TRANSFORMATION AND WEALTH CREATION PATENTS COPYRIGHTS OTHERS Outright sale Licensing Joint Ventureship Self Exploitation (Incubators, Science Park) Outright Sale R&D (Inventions, Innovations) Talents & Creativity Incubation (Spin Offs) Spin Outs Existing Firms IP DIRECT COMMERCIALI- ZATION Universities and Research Institutes Licensing
IndustrialProduction EducationandResearch Finance Venture Fund Policy Instruments Venture Fund Brokerage, Interface, Bridging Institution s Government Policy Instruments IndustrialProduction EducationandResearch Finance Venture Fund Policy Instruments Venture Fund Brokerage, Interface, Bridging Institution s Government Policy Instruments Adapted from Tiffin,1997 Structure of Interactions among elements of the NIS
G I Model for Automating Interactions among G overnment, I ndustry & K I K nowledge I nstitutions GIKI MODEL Source: Awoleye & Siyanbola, 2007 Knowledge Management Platform (KMP) I P T T O TTO
TRIPLE HELIX STRATEGY IP Assets Universities and R&D institutions IP Policy R&D Policy TTO SWOT Government Economic Development (SME Policies, market creation National IP Infrastructure Enforcement IP Strategy R&D Enhancement IP Education Research Funds Industry Research Funds Research Collaborations Licensing Marketing Commercialization of R&D Adapted from WIPO, 2008
Financial sector Risk funds Research funds What funds are available in Nigeria Tetfunds Ecological funds Research funds (private sectors, and government have funds allocated for this purpose) BOI funds MSCE funds—CBN Agricultural funds NITDA funds USPF funds Youwin funds Sure-P funds FINANCE: WHERE ARE THEY?
TECHNOLOGY TRANSFER MODEL 27 IDEA/PROBLEM OPEN MARKET TTO; TE TTO
Technopreneurs are entrepreneurs who are into the core businesses involving technology- based industries. They make use of technology to come out with new or innovative products through a process of commercialization.
Technopreneurs in Process Innovation Source: US department of Energy innovation and invention
Technopreneurs in Product Innovation
DO WE HAVE TECHNOPRENEURS IN NIGERIA? NATIONAL ASSOCIATION OF TECHNOLOGIST ENGINEERS (NATE)
BREEDING TECH-PRENEURS WITHIN NATIONAL SYSTEM OF INNOVATION The redesigned NSI is targeted at redefining innovations to go beyond formal R&D parameters but to facilitate the platform of innovative solutions that lead to inclusive growth for the people and by the people; foster an innovation eco-system across domains and sectors to strengthen entrepreneurship; focus on key drivers to ensure sustainability, durability, quality and expand the space for dialogue and discourse on innovation. Parameters of the New NSI INNOVATION STRATEGY
POLICY AND THE ECO-SYSTEM Finance Human Capital (K- Worker) Institutions Law and Regulations Process and Management K-Generation & Acquisition K-Utilisation & Management Government People At Large Enterprises Make Some Government Enterprises Buy Some ICT Policy The Eco-System Source:Rahman,2012
Hierarchical Outlook of the Policy cycle
WEALTH CREATION & DEPLOYMENT OF TECHNOLOGIES National Economic Plan Transformation AGENDA MDGs VISION GLOBAL, REGIONAL, NATIONAL & GRASSROOTS DEVELOPMENT Developmental goals are much more easily achieved when S&T knowledge is created and deployed within the context of the NIS Scientific Knowledge e.g. ICT
CONCLUDING REMARKS Inventions through R&D activities need to be properly managed at all levels before they can lead to wealth Inventions through R&D activities need to be properly managed at all levels before they can lead to wealth The How To are: The How To are: Creating a strong and virile NIS Creating a strong and virile NIS Individual re-orientation Individual re-orientation Institutional re-arrangement Institutional re-arrangement Functional Government-University/Research Institutes-Industry Linkage through Networking: the GIKI model Functional Government-University/Research Institutes-Industry Linkage through Networking: the GIKI model Technology Transfer Technology Transfer Individuals, Knowledge Institutions, Government and the productive sector all have a critical role to play Individuals, Knowledge Institutions, Government and the productive sector all have a critical role to play
FINALLY STOP DOWNLOADING …. START UPLOADING STOP IMPORTING …. START CREATING INVENT NOW AND INNOVATE NIGERIA POWER UP NOW…NIGERIANS ARE WAITING
Vision: To see Nigerian women and youths become ICT literate for National development Mission: To become a leading capacity building Centre in Information Technology for the development of women and youths in Nigeria. 39 OUR ProjectsTargetsAnnual Events Dates Children ICT Summit tagged e-Innovate Nigeria Primary and Secondary School StudentsFeb. & March Ladies IT SUMMIT (LITS)Female students in Tertiary InstitutionsApril ICT Summer Academy Camp (ISAC)Youths (Male and Female) July / Aug & December Women’s ICT SUMMIT (WITS) All women from 18 years and above in Public and Private SectorSeptember Women Leaders Forum (WLF) Wives of local government chairmen, House of Assembly members at states and local government areas in Nigeria Quarterly As decided by States and LGAs ICT Exchange Programmes in Africa and Western Countries (ISAC Abroad) Youths and Women August / September Women’s ICT Development in Abroad Project (WIDAP) Women in Nigeria and Diaspora November Girls in ICT Day ITU celebration Day for Girls, Ladies and Women in ICT 24 th April yearly
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