Doctor’s Order Results Reported Patient Sample to Doctor Collected / Identified Analysis of Sample Specimen Delivered Sample Process
Pre-analytical Orders Chain of Custody Patient identification and prep Analytical In-lab vs. POCT QC Calibration Maintenance Post-analytical sample transport / storage result documentation
Study of cells and other components found in the vascular system, bone marrow and other body fluids (such as synovial fluid, cardiac fluid, and spinal fluid). Testing in the diagnosis of blood disorders such as leukemia, anemia, and bleeding problems monitoring patient blood who have infections or burns or who have undergone surgery or cancer treatment. use microscopes and automated equipment. CBC (Complete Blood Count) – Using analyzers, the MLT determines the amount of red blood cells, white blood cells, and platelets found in a cubic millimeter of blood. Hemoglobin and cell volumes/concentrations are also calculated. Differential – Using a microscope, cells can be visually analyzed by the MLT to determine if infections, cancer or other abnormalities exist in a patient sample. Bleeding Tests – PT and APTT are only a few of the tests used in coagulation studies to monitor patients who have bleeding disorders or who are taking anticoagulant drugs. Website for Hematology : www.hematology.org www.hematology.org
Blood Grouping and Typing and Antibody Identification Ensure Safe Blood Supplies (safe from AIDS, hepatitis and other infections Transfusion Testing Issues blood products such as packed cells, plasma, coagulation factors, and platelets. plasmaphoresis, Rhogam tests, identification panels, transplantation, and paternity testing. Website for Blood Bank: www.aabb.org www.aabb.org
Studies antigenic relationships to specific antibodies Distinguish acute from chronic and present from past infections. Some of the conditions studied include: lupus, rheumatoid arthritis, syphilis, toxoplasmosis, hepatitis, and AIDS. Some procedures include: ELISA, electrophoresis, hemagglutination, fluorescence, and radio-immunoassay. Website for Immunology : www.aai.org www.amli.org
Identification of viruses, bacteria, fungi and parasites Procedures such as culturing, microscopic evaluation, chemical /serological / genetic testing / Various illnesses such as pneumonia, tuberculosis, diarrhea, meningitis, and venereal diseases Website for Microbiology : www.asm.orgwww.asm.org
Sophisticated instrumentation Assays to help evaluate conditions such as diabetes, heart attack, hepatitis, and renal disorders Analytical studies determine the physiologic levels of proteins, fats, sugars, enzymes, electrolytes, and other chemicals Subdivisions of Chemistry include: Toxicology (therapeutic as well as drugs of abuse) and Endocrinology (hormones). Website for Chemistry : www.aacc.orgwww.aacc.org
Kidney function assays Microscopy, assay kits, and automated equipment Assist the primary health care providers in diagnosing conditions such as diabetes, nephrosis, infections, pregnancy, and hemolysis
The Phlebotomist is trained in the process of blood collection using either venipuncture or capillary punctures. Website for Phlebotomy: www.aspt.orgwww.aspt.org
Veterinary offices Armed forces Pharmaceutical companies Research and clinical work in facilities that specialize in cancer, neurologic disorders, and fertility studies
Forensics Genetics, epidemiology, medical publications, computer science, and quality assurance Industry development of new tests, procedures, and instrumentations. sales, distribution, and service of new procedures, analyzers and reagents.
Laboratory Management Laboratory Medical Director Laboratory Manager Department/Technical Supervisor Chief/Lead Technical Staff Laboratory Staff Medical Technologist Medical Laboratory Technician Medical Laboratory Assistant Phlebotomist
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