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LOGO Technical Vocational Education & Training(TVET) Economy Development and TVET in Korea.

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Presentation on theme: "LOGO Technical Vocational Education & Training(TVET) Economy Development and TVET in Korea."— Presentation transcript:

1 LOGO Technical Vocational Education & Training(TVET) Economy Development and TVET in Korea

2 LOGO 1. HRD KOREA 2  Established in 1982  A Specialized HRD Organization under MOEL  Employees : 1,177  Organization : 1headquarter, 13Bureaus, 39Teams 15 overseas EPS Centers  Budgets : US $ 1 billion  Main Mission - National Competency Standard(NCS) - Korean Dual System - National Qualification Testing - Lifelong Competency Development - Employment Permit System(EPS)  Established in 1982  A Specialized HRD Organization under MOEL  Employees : 1,177  Organization : 1headquarter, 13Bureaus, 39Teams 15 overseas EPS Centers  Budgets : US $ 1 billion  Main Mission - National Competency Standard(NCS) - Korean Dual System - National Qualification Testing - Lifelong Competency Development - Employment Permit System(EPS)

3 LOGO 2. Global Institute For Transferring Skills Providing information  Established in March, 2013 to the HRD Korea  Main Roles - Skills Promotion - Transferring Advanced Skills - Skills Competitions/ Domestic / International - International Cooperation - World skills Korea  Current Issues - Knowledge sharing project with WB - UNESCO BEAR project - GIZ / ILO project, ASEAN+3 Senminar - APEC Instructors(TOT) - Projects with Libya, Tanzania, Cameroon, Uganda, Nicaragua etc.  Established in March, 2013 to the HRD Korea  Main Roles - Skills Promotion - Transferring Advanced Skills - Skills Competitions/ Domestic / International - International Cooperation - World skills Korea  Current Issues - Knowledge sharing project with WB - UNESCO BEAR project - GIZ / ILO project, ASEAN+3 Senminar - APEC Instructors(TOT) - Projects with Libya, Tanzania, Cameroon, Uganda, Nicaragua etc. GIFTS

4 LOGO 3. Glance of GIFTS

5 LOGO

6 2.Outcome of Economic Development(Export)

7 LOGO State-led Industrialization Democratization 1987~1997 Globalization 1997~present 1961~ ~ ~1987 Economy Light Industrialization Export Promotion Policy initiated Heavy & Chemical Industrialization Economic Stabilization Economic Liberalization Economic Slowdown Industrial Restructuring after Economic Crisis IT-centered Industrial Upgrading Globalization Education & HRD Statist Educational System Expansion of Primary Education Expansion of Middle school Education Expansion of Vocational Training Expansion of College Education Educational Reform of Statist Educational System Autonomy & Diversity Universalization of College Education Educational Globalization Graduate School Education (BK21) National HRD University-Industry Partnership Efficient supply of industrial workforce based on labor demand 3. Aligning HRD with Labor Demand

8 LOGO

9 1970s 1960s 1990s 1980s2000s The 1 st and 2 nd The 3 rd and 4 th 5 th 6 th Eco. + Social Dev. 5yr Plan for New Economy 5 yr Plan Contd’ Outline of Evolution of TVET System ,645 6,147 10,84124,044

10 LOGO Skilled Worker Technician Technologist Engineer Scientist Grd.Sch Univ. Tech.H-Sch Polytechnic Manpower Demand

11 LOGO Government lead Technical Vocational Training Compulsory TVET (’76): large companies were asked by Gov’t to supply mono-skilled workforce  Skill Craftsman According to Economic 5 yr plan many craftsman required Government lead Technical Vocational Training Compulsory TVET (’76): large companies were asked by Gov’t to supply mono-skilled workforce  Skill Craftsman According to Economic 5 yr plan many craftsman required Beginning in the 1970s 1 The government founded public training institutions to train workers, while laying the obligation on employers to train and educate their employees. These initiates gave a strong backing to the fast growth of the national economy. The government founded public training institutions to train workers, while laying the obligation on employers to train and educate their employees. These initiates gave a strong backing to the fast growth of the national economy. TVET Policy

12 LOGO With the changes in the economic and industrial structure since 1980, different needs for vocational training had been brought about. As the industrial structure shifted from labor-intensive to technology intensive one and from mass production to mass consumption, there was a growing demand for multi functional and high skilled workers.  1982 Established Korea Manpower Agency Now renamed HRD Service of Korea With the changes in the economic and industrial structure since 1980, different needs for vocational training had been brought about. As the industrial structure shifted from labor-intensive to technology intensive one and from mass production to mass consumption, there was a growing demand for multi functional and high skilled workers.  1982 Established Korea Manpower Agency Now renamed HRD Service of Korea 2 Focus in training shifted from mono-skilled to multi-skilled and multi-functional workforce Increased support for training facilities, and others at workplace Focus in training shifted from mono-skilled to multi-skilled and multi-functional workforce Increased support for training facilities, and others at workplace TVET Policy Growth in the 1980s

13 LOGO Compulsory Vocational Training → EI Training (’95) Compulsory training/ training levies → EI contributions/training subsidies Production workers in manufacturing → All workers in all industries Large-scale training for the unemployed during the financial crisis Compulsory Vocational Training → EI Training (’95) Compulsory training/ training levies → EI contributions/training subsidies Production workers in manufacturing → All workers in all industries Large-scale training for the unemployed during the financial crisis Transition in the 1990s 3  In response to the chaining trends in the industrial structure, such as strong showing of the service sector, the government brought in employment insurance system. Also the government program in the EI to extend the support coverage to training to all industrial sectors and workers.  In response to the chaining trends in the industrial structure, such as strong showing of the service sector, the government brought in employment insurance system. Also the government program in the EI to extend the support coverage to training to all industrial sectors and workers. TVET Policy

14 LOGO Closer business-school links to produce professional workforce Life-long skills development system Special supports to disadvantaged workers (SMEs, non-regular, disabled, woman …etc.) Closer business-school links to produce professional workforce Life-long skills development system Special supports to disadvantaged workers (SMEs, non-regular, disabled, woman …etc.)  TVET should be conducted in a network type system based on part nership under Human Resource Development(HRD) is tailored to the local reality and decentralized approach can contribute to a balanced growth among different regions.  2006 Korea Polytechnics System Launching  TVET should be conducted in a network type system based on part nership under Human Resource Development(HRD) is tailored to the local reality and decentralized approach can contribute to a balanced growth among different regions.  2006 Korea Polytechnics System Launching Innovation in the 2000s 4 TVET Policy

15 LOGO Contents of TVET 1) Training for the unemployed - Training for the unemployed with work experience - Training for the unemployed without work experience 2) Employment promotion training - Training for the local unemployed 3) Basic training for workforce - Training for priority sectors - Training to foster technicians 4) Vocational training for the disadvantaged - Persons with Needs for Rehabilitation - Disadvantaged Self-Employed Person Skills Development Opportunities for Unemployed and Low education

16 LOGO Contents of TVET 1) Employee Training - Basic training for to-be employees and upgrade training for incumbent employees - Subsidy for employees training on paid leave - Subsidy for employees enrollment in training course - Loan for skills development expenses 2) Vocational Training for SMEs - Consortium for vocational training at SME - Subsidy for organized study at SMEs (‘Learning Organization’) - Subsidy for better performance in SME core work Promoting Skills development in Companies

17 LOGO Success factors 1) Successful strategy policy of TVET and strong enforcement by the government. 2) Efficiency management of international loan(IBRD) for TVET The Korea government established several vocational training institutes to exploit IBRD loan * Intercontinental Bank for Reconstruction and Development(IBRD) = World Bank. 3) Establishment of special training center for vocational training instructors According to economic development, Korea government tried to expand number of VTIs’ very rapidly. Qualified vocational training instructors are dispatched to every VTI as an excellent instructor. 4) To provide long term overseas training programs for instructors Korea government had dispatched couple of hundreds instructors to Germany and advanced country more than one year. Most of well trained instructors had to work at VTIs’ without evadable chance. Training costs are covered by Korea and Germany government by scholarship programs.

18 LOGO Thank You


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