Presentation on theme: "Economy Development and TVET in Korea"— Presentation transcript:
1 Economy Development and TVET in Korea Technical Vocational Education & Training(TVET)
2 1. HRD KOREA Established in 1982 A Specialized HRD Organization under MOELEmployees : 1,177Organization : 1headquarter,13Bureaus, 39Teams15 overseas EPS CentersBudgets : US $ 1 billionMain Mission- National Competency Standard(NCS)- Korean Dual System- National Qualification Testing- Lifelong Competency Development- Employment Permit System(EPS)This is the organization chart of HRD Korea. Main functions of HRD Korea are International Cooperation, National Qualification Management, Lifelong Competency Development, and Global Employment Service. As a substructure of international HRD cooperation, SIVAT has total 23 staffs. SIVAT is a building with 5 stories above ground and one underground level and From the third floor to fifth floor, there are 63 dormitory rooms and it accommodates up to 111 trainees at a time. Laboratories for electricity, electronics, and computer are located in 1st and 2nd floor. General workshop building for welding, air-conditioning and refrigerator, automotive maintenance is over there, as you can see it.The Center offers various types of lecture rooms, training rooms, a dormitory, a laundry room, a gym, and singing rooms for providing pleasant accommodations and an educational environment.As of 2011, over 5,000 government personnel and trainees from 100 countries visited SIVAT to learn about the vocational training programs and HRD systems of Korea.
3 Providing information 2. Global Institute For Transferring SkillsGIFTSEstablished in March, to the HRD KoreaMain Roles- Skills Promotion- Transferring Advanced Skills- Skills Competitions/ Domestic / International- International Cooperation- World skills KoreaCurrent Issues- Knowledge sharing project with WB- UNESCO BEAR project- GIZ / ILO project, ASEAN+3 Senminar- APEC Instructors(TOT)- Projects with Libya, Tanzania, Cameroon, Uganda,Nicaragua etc.Providing information
7 State-led Industrialization 3.Aligning HRD with Labor DemandEfficient supply of industrial workforce based on labor demandState-led IndustrializationDemocratization1987~1997Globalization1997~present1961~19731973~19801980~1987EconomyLight IndustrializationExport Promotion Policy initiatedHeavy & Chemical IndustrializationEconomic StabilizationEconomic LiberalizationEconomic SlowdownIndustrial Restructuring after Economic CrisisIT-centered Industrial UpgradingEducation&HRDStatist Educational SystemExpansion of Primary EducationExpansion of Middle school EducationExpansion of Vocational TrainingExpansion of College EducationEducational Reform of Statist Educational SystemAutonomy & DiversityUniversalization of College EducationEducational GlobalizationGraduate School Education (BK21)National HRDUniversity-Industry Partnership
9 Outcomes and Future Tasks of Vocational Training in Korea Outline of Evolution of TVET System1960s1970s1980s1990s2000sEDPThe 1st and 2ndThe 3rd and 4th5th 6th Eco. + Social Dev.5yr Plan for New Economy5 yr PlanContd’GNP perCapita792541,6456,14710,84124,044Tertiary IndustriesEmploymentStructureSecondary IndustriesPrimary IndustriesIndustrialStrategyAgrarian societyLight industryHeavy industryState-of-the-art technologyIT, BT, NTCT, ET,STWorkersmanualCraftsmanEngineerTechnician with multiple skillsTechnologistHRDSystemIncompleteGovernment-ledObligatory Vocational Training SystemPrivate-led (Government supported)FundingSystemNoneSubsidyObli-gatory V.T.SLevy-exemptionLevy-grant(Employment Insurance)-15-
11 TVET Policy Beginning in the 1970s 1 Government lead Technical Vocational TrainingCompulsory TVET (’76): large companies were asked by Gov’tto supply mono-skilled workforce Skill CraftsmanAccording to Economic 5 yr plan many craftsman requiredThe government founded public training institutions to trainworkers, while laying the obligation on employers to train andeducate their employees. These initiates gave a strongbacking to the fast growth of the national economy.
12 TVET Policy Growth in the 1980s 2 Focus in training shifted from mono-skilled to multi-skilled andmulti-functional workforceIncreased support for training facilities, and others at workplaceWith the changes in the economic and industrial structure since1980, different needs for vocational training had been broughtabout.As the industrial structure shifted from labor-intensive totechnology intensive one and from mass production to massconsumption, there was a growing demand for multi functionaland high skilled workers.1982 Established Korea Manpower AgencyNow renamed HRD Service of Korea
13 TVET Policy Transition in the 1990s 3 Compulsory Vocational Training → EI Training (’95)Compulsory training/ training levies→ EI contributions/training subsidiesProduction workers in manufacturing→ All workers in all industriesLarge-scale training for the unemployed during the financial crisisIn response to the chaining trends in the industrial structure, suchas strong showing of the service sector, the government brought inemployment insurance system. Also the government program in theEI to extend the support coverage to training to all industrial sectorsand workers.
14 TVET Policy 4 Innovation in the 2000s Closer business-school links to produce professional workforceLife-long skills development systemSpecial supports to disadvantaged workers(SMEs, non-regular, disabled, woman …etc.)TVET should be conducted in a network type system based on partnership under Human Resource Development(HRD) is tailored tothe local reality and decentralized approach can contribute to abalanced growth among different regions.2006 Korea Polytechnics System Launching
15 Contents of TVETSkills Development Opportunities for Unemployed and Low education1) Training for the unemployed- Training for the unemployed with work experience- Training for the unemployed without work experience2) Employment promotion training- Training for the local unemployed3) Basic training for workforce- Training for priority sectors- Training to foster technicians4) Vocational training for the disadvantaged- Persons with Needs for Rehabilitation- Disadvantaged Self-Employed Person
16 Contents of TVET Promoting Skills development in Companies 1) Employee Training- Basic training for to-be employees and upgrade training forincumbent employees- Subsidy for employees training on paid leave- Subsidy for employees enrollment in training course- Loan for skills development expenses2) Vocational Training for SMEs- Consortium for vocational training at SME- Subsidy for organized study at SMEs(‘Learning Organization’)- Subsidy for better performance in SME core work
17 Success factors1) Successful strategy policy of TVET and strong enforcement by the government.2) Efficiency management of international loan(IBRD) for TVETThe Korea government established several vocational traininginstitutes to exploit IBRD loan* Intercontinental Bank for Reconstruction and Development(IBRD) = World Bank.3) Establishment of special training center for vocational training instructorsAccording to economic development, Korea government tried toexpand number of VTIs’ very rapidly. Qualified vocationaltraining instructors are dispatched to every VTI as an excellentinstructor.4) To provide long term overseas training programs for instructorsKorea government had dispatched couple of hundredsinstructors to Germany and advanced country more than oneyear. Most of well trained instructors had to work at VTIs’without evadable chance. Training costs are covered by Koreaand Germany government by scholarship programs.