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Discover the Power Behind the Badge Sharon L. Gander, M.Ed., CPT, ID(SEL/SLG) CNG DC, March 18, 2015
About Sharon Gander, M.Ed., CPT, ID(SEL/SLG)ID(SEL/SLG) 30+ years of instructional design and development and instructional technology Former special education/elementary education teacher TIfPI Practice Leader and Director of ID Certifications ID(SEL) – Certified ID in Synchronous ELearning ID(SLG) – Certified ID in Serious Learning Games Learning Technologist recommending technology solutions for learning Certification specialist & member of CACP CoP Independent contractor Conference presenter 2015 – ISPI: THE Performance Improvement Conference, San Antonio 2015 – Training 2015 Conference & Expo, Atlanta 2014 – ISPI: THE Performance Improvement Conference, Indianapolis 2013 – Elearning Conference, Sept, Chicago 2013 – Chicago Elearning & Technology Showcase (CETS), Aug, Chicago Author: Performance Improvement Journal articles Blogger: Twitter: https://twitter.com/performancepihttps://twitter.com/performancepi LinkedIn:
Discover the Power Behind the Badge Badges and even microcredentials have a long history Many of us remember the badges of our youth. Youth groups Camp Fire/Scouts FFA/FHA Masonic orders School Letter sweaters Club emblems Camp Fire USA. Some are not “badges” but paraphernalia – trinkets, jewelry, medals, trophies, and clothing. High School Each has a kind of power.
Adults Value Badges, too Even adults use “badging” as a way to validate authority, promote talent and recognize performance. Each has responsibilities for the holder
What are the characteristics of microcredentials? Discrete (bite-sized) chunks -- sized for audience’s needs Subject-adaptable—multiple topics or areas of expertise Performance-based—demonstrated and documented against standards Developmental – requires “reach” or “stretch” to grow into Portable – built to be shared Associated – has relationship with other credentials Staged for increasing skill – starts basic and advances Transparent—purpose and value is known by community Bestows a credibility to recipient – credibility has limits & concomitant responsibilities Cycle of Honor – is bestowed by a credible organization that honors recipients who honor and value the credential and the organization that bestows it
Behind the Scenes with Microcredentials: Bite-sized chunks & associated relationships
Microcredentials have associated relationships Relationships between microcredentials create or enhance their respective meanings. Relationship must “make sense” to the credential holder audience and stakeholders. Relationships must be transparent, or at least apparent, to the uninitiated. The value of ‘like’ microcredentials and levels of microcredentials should be easily recognized The weighting of higher-level microcredentials (those received through ‘leveling up’) must be obvious Recognize that individual interest and motivation prevail. Some individuals will stop earlier than others.
Scaling – from learning theory The organization of chunks is the scale Easiest to hardest Basic to advanced Concrete to abstract Novice to master Scaling builds on previous knowledge and experience Scaling is essential in: Creating bite-sized yet meaningful chunks Creating the progression of chunks Defining associated relationships between chunks Source? JTA or Practice Analysis
Scaling with Scaffolding A scaffold is a temporary framework that is put up for support and access to meaning The scaffold is taken away as the learner builds success and confidence. Eventually, decreasing support create shifts in level and readiness for ‘leveling up’
Stacking, Mastery, & Leveling Up A B C The Patchwork Model No stacking expected The Mastering Ladder Proof of mastery required for advancement Credentials stack Example: Khan Academy https://www.khanacademy.orghttps://www.khanacademy.org/ Example: Swimming patches Y’s/Red Cross
The Pyramid Stacking Model Completion of lower levels combine to ‘level up’ Advanced levels may or may not require completion of all lower levels The Stacked Patchwork Model Early level starts as a patchwork Levels up A B C A B C A B C Example: Degree advancement Stacking, Mastery, & Leveling Up Example: Scouting/Camp Fire A B C
The Stair-step Model Different approaches Same level Many levels & continued advancement Add-ons Endorsements Supplements credential Stacking, Mastery, & Leveling Up Example: Military rank or martial arts belts Example: physician or teacher specialty
The Institute for Performance Improvement, L3C (TIfPI) Instructional Design & Development of Learning Solutions
TIfPI’s ID Certification Microcredentials 17 microcredential certifications with mark and digital badges ID(AEL) – Asynchronous ELearning ID(BLS) – Blended Learning Solutions (combinations of learning solutions) ID(C&M) – Coaching and Mentoring ID(COP) – Community of Practice ID(EPS) – Electronic Performance Support ID(GPS) – Goal- or Problem-based Scenarios ID(ILT) – Instructor Led Training (live or virtual) ID(ISS) – Intendant Self-Study ID (JA) – Job Aids ID(MEL) – Mobile ELearning (mLearning) ID(OJT) – On-the-Job Training (informal learning) ID(RLO) – Reusable (micro) Learning Objects ID(SEL) – Synchronous ELearning ID(S&L) – Simulations and Labs ID(SLG) – Serious Learning Games ID(SM&N) – Social Media and Networking ID(VA&P) – Video, Audio, and Podcasts 9 Standards Addresses sustainability Aligns solution Assesses performance Collaborates and partners Elicits performance "practice" Engages the learner Enhances retention and transfer Ensures context sensitivity 1 application and process A common rubric for all certifications 2 Levels Certified -- teal badge Certified Plus (Outstanding) – gold badge
Behind the badges A practice analysis of the instructional design field Abstracted & categorized (22) terms from field theories Confirmed which terms the experts apply to their own work (11) Confirmation included international experts Drafted standards with definitions and performances (9) Drafting processes included experts with international experience Validated standards with a public survey of field (9) Survey included internationals & many levels of practitioners Results
TIfPI’s ID Certification Microcredentials A B C Currently a patchwork model Focused on learning solution design and development only Does not include: Front-end analysis (needs assessment, JTA, etc) Design documentation Instruction and Facilitation Back-end evaluation Project management and leadership Architecture of the future program Added skill set specialties (above) Level up to defined career levels Master Learning Solution Developer Learning Architect Learning Technology Strategist A B C A B C A B C A B C
Administration of badges Our process Attend Overview webinar Use rubrics for self- assessment 1- Plan Request attestation Draft form Get feedback Finalize 2- Prepare Application Pay Fee Submit form, attestation, & exhibits 3-Submit Bestowing a badge is an administrative function done after certification. It is the outward symbol that provides validation to the certificant and employer/client… … and badges create marketing value to both Certificant and TIfPI. ID(SLG) ID(JA+)
Microcredential Essentials Recap Bite-sized small chunks -- sized for audience’s needs Source of chunks is JTA or Practice Analysis Subject-adaptable—multiple topics or areas of expertise Source of subjects is JTA or Practice Analy sis Performance-based—demonstrated and documented against standards Developmental – requires “reach” or “stretch” to grow into Portable – built to be shared Associated – has relationship with other (micro) credentials Related through scaling and scaffolding of chunks Staged for increasing skill – starts basic and advances Scaled and scaffolded to demonstrate advancement Models: stacked and combined in patchworks, pyramids, stair-steps Self-efficacy – the individual chooses direction of growth Transparent—purpose and value is known by community Bestows a credibility to recipient – credibility has limits & concomitant responsibilities Cycle of Honor – is bestowed by a credible organization that honors recipients who honor and value the credential and the organization that bestows it
What Questions Do You Have?
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