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1 Shane Gallagher, ADL Learning Scientist/Instructional Technologist Serco contractor for Advanced Distributed Learning

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Presentation on theme: "1 Shane Gallagher, ADL Learning Scientist/Instructional Technologist Serco contractor for Advanced Distributed Learning"— Presentation transcript:

1 1 Shane Gallagher, ADL Learning Scientist/Instructional Technologist Serco contractor for Advanced Distributed Learning USING THE TO CAPTURE TRANSITIONING LEARNING EXPERIENCES

2 2 Some historical aspects of tracking Courses/ ILT (online gradebooks/WBT Coupled EDUCOM/IMS Courses/ ILT (online gradebooks/WBT De-Coupling using specs PLATO/CMI Interoperability

3 3 Traditional Tracking

4 4 What is the Experience API? Interoperable, flexible, granular way to track experiences, scores, progress, teams, virtual media, real-world experiences (not just completions) Allows data storage AND retrieval (ex. 3 rd party reporting and analytics tools) Enables tracking mobile, games, and virtual worlds experiences – most any activity online or offline Developed by open source community

5 5 Track it – store it – act on it Human readable statements stored in a learning record store (LRS - Cloud- based data store typically using a no- SQL Db) Reporting Systems Assessment Services Semantic Analysis Statistical Services Activity aggregation for meaning Recommender engines Real-time reporting and stats

6 6 Activity Streams Collaboration between Google, Facebook, Microsoft and others Format: (I did this) I (actor) completed (verb) the IA course (activity) Allows reporting of experiences, not just completions Nikolaus posted a photo Nikolaus liked a photo Nikolaus commented on a photo

7 7 Example (Formal) Learning Stream John Connor attempted “The War of 1812, Part 1” John Connor watched “The Battle of New Orleans Video” John Connor completed “The War of 1812, Part 1” John Connor attempted “The War of 1812, Part 2” John Connor completed “The War of 1812, Part 2” John Connor attempted “The War of 1812, Assessment” John Connor answered “Question 1” with “True” John Connor answered “Correctly” John Connor answered “Question 2” with “False” John Connor answered “Correctly” John Connor answered “Question 3” with “a” John Connor completed “The War of 1812, Assessment” John Connor scored “90%” on “The War of 1812, Assessment” John Connor satisfied objective “Battles of the War of 1812” John Connor mastered objective “The War of 1812” to level “1” John Connor earned “The War of 1812 – Level 1 Badge”

8 8 Example (Informal) Learning Stream Walter Isaacson authored [Steve Jobs Biography] David proofread [Steve Jobs Biography] Margaret approved [Steve Jobs Biography] Simon & Schuster published [Steve Jobs Biography] John purchased [Steve Jobs Biography] Ted read [Steve Jobs Biography] Philip shared [Steve Jobs Biography] Steven liked [Steve Jobs Biography] Harry reviewed [Steve Jobs Biography] Source:

9 Learner centric as “actor” Pre-defined vocabularies and statements for formal learning activities Most any online activity can be tracked for informal learning activity data Uses “activity providers” which can exist as plugins for most any application – LMS’s – e.g. Moodle, Bb, others – WordPress – Browsers – e.g. Chrome, Firefox, IE – Ect. Can integrate with other API’s – e.g. Facebook, Google, Twitter potentially allowing expanded activity tracking with xAPI as the common denominator (interoperability). 9 Online learning experience tracking

10 Transitioning learning experience tracking Learning experiences spanning the real and the digital Uses sensors, beacons, gps, bluetooth, wifi… Actor roles may flip Captured in the cloud with xAPI 10

11 11 Real world sensing tools Beacons Targeting sensors Smart phone MIDI controller Game controller

12 12 Extend to the “real world” xAPI

13 13 “Room as observer or listener” Room locates Mary at computer A with time of 10:25:34 a.m. Room locates Mary at Mary’s desk with time of 10:41:08 a.m. Room locates Joe at computer A with time of 10:26:54 a.m. xAPI statements

14 14 “Room as observer or listener” Resource usage with beacon Digital conversation capture attaching digital recordings to statements Ambient temperature capture

15 15 Authentication & Authorization Two methods currently described in xAPI spec HTTP Basic Authentication OAuth 1.0a The xAPI spec permits additional security requirements to suit organizational needs Such as, use of CAC cards, SSL (HTTPS) access only, etc Rights can be granular to limit access to specific parts of the xAPI ex. read-only, write activity state, etc

16 16 Authenticity “Some Statements will have regulatory or legal significance, or otherwise require strong and durable evidence of their authenticity and integrity.” -xAPI 4.4 Signed Statements Key encryption and digital certificates can be attached to Statements to ensure accuracy and authenticity

17 17 Potential privacy concerns

18 18 Contact Shane Gallagher

19 Backup Slides

20 20 Aggregate Streams to Make Meaning

21 21 Build Recommendation Engines

22 22 Build New Reporting Capabilities Source:

23 23 Live Stats


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