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Indonesian Food Technologist; Expected Role in Context of National Development Dahrul Syah INDONESIAN ASSOCIATION OF FOOD TECHNOLOGIST.

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Presentation on theme: "Indonesian Food Technologist; Expected Role in Context of National Development Dahrul Syah INDONESIAN ASSOCIATION OF FOOD TECHNOLOGIST."— Presentation transcript:

1 Indonesian Food Technologist; Expected Role in Context of National Development Dahrul Syah INDONESIAN ASSOCIATION OF FOOD TECHNOLOGIST

2 Outline  Food Scientist and Technologist  Economic growth and Poverty; Indonesian perspective  Role in Indonesian Development  Empower local economy What needs to be done ?  Lesson Learned  Discussion

3 Food Technologist / Scientist A Food Technologist/Scientist studies the physical, microbiological, and chemical makeup of food. Depending on their area of specialization, Food Scientists may develop ways to process, preserve, package, or store food, according to industry and government specifications and regulations.

4 4 Dahrul Syah dkk, TPG-IPB Food Science and Technologyy Biodiversity and other Issues Indonesian Food Technologist must be equipped with …. Sarjana Depth of Qualification Width of Qualification Indonesian Food Technologist Indonesian Food Technologist Sound Combination of “Generalist” and “Specialist”

5 5 Dahrul Syah dkk, TPG-IPB An excellent Food Technologist has/shows evidence of:  Technical knowledge/expertise  Application of relevant knowledge/expertise  Management of knowledge/IT  Flexibility in adapting to change  Focus on business/clients  Focus on opportunities  Focus on required roles/results  Systematic and logical approach  Commercial/financial knowledge/expertise Characteristics of an Excellent Food Technologist

6 6 Dahrul Syah dkk, TPG-IPB Characteristics of an Excellent Food Technologist An excellent food technologist has/shows evidence of:  Providing leadership and vision  Commitment to ethical and social responsibilities  Commitment to principles of sustainability  Management/motivation of people  Management of projects/events  Team-working; multidisciplinary/cultural  Management of self/time  Communicating, verbal and written  Learning, developing and improving

7 Outline  Food Scientist and Technologist  Economic growth and Poverty; Indonesian perspective  Role in Indonesian Development  Empower local economy What needs to be done ?  Lesson Learned  Discussion

8 Some Facts; Growth, Poverty and Open Unemployment

9 Poverty in Urban and Rural % tage of poor people

10  Economic Growth  Not sufficient to create job opportunity Triggered by consumption Not high enough Quality of growth  Special attention for rural area  Depend on prime mover Indonesian Perspective; Growth, Poverty and Unemployment

11 Other illustration: Rice and Paddy Price Sumber : Purba dan Seta (2004)

12 Cost and Price Cost for Paddy Rp 850 / kg (100 US $/ton) Paddy (GKP) = Rp 1230 (147 US /ton) Rice Rp 2750 /kg (320 US $/ton) INDONESIATHAILAND Cost for Paddy 100 US $/ton Rice 200 US $/ton Source: Purba dan Seta (2004)

13 Some other Facts ?  Richest Natural Resources in, but net Importeur in ASEAN Exsport : 24,6 Bil USD Import : 27,2 Bil USD  Biggest crude oil producer in ASEAN, but Value added enjoyed by Singapore Biggest Oil Refinery in ASPAC  2 nd Producer of Cacao Bean, but Biggest Cacao Factory in Malaysia Sugiharto (2010), Gatra 4/XVII

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15 Outline  Food Scientist and Technologist  Economic growth and Poverty; Indonesian perspective  Role in Indonesian Development Empower local economy  What needs to be done ?  Lesson Learned  Discussion

16 Role 1  Promote appropriate Prime Mover  Value creation based on local resources  Job creation in-situ  Generate income, alleviate poverty  Suitable Mindset

17 Type of Prime mover; Scenario 1 Input Manufacturing Process Product

18 Type of Prime mover; Scenario 2 Input Manufacturing Process Product

19 Type of Prime mover; Scenario 3 Input Manufacturing Process Product

20 What to choose ????  Political Economic Decision  Rural development = agricultural development + rural industrialization  Huge multiplier effect Job opportunity and income in rural Reduce urbanization Environment friendly  Pro growth, pro job, pro poor, pro indigenous resources

21 Indigenous Resources Set of knowledge and technology existing and developed in, arround and by specific indigenous communities (people) in an specific area (environment)

22 Thus, IR optimized in order to …  Foster community development Create job and income Increase economic access on Food  Diverse food consumption  Pro poor, pro growth, pro job, pro indigenous resources  Role of community and regional government  In case of value-added food product: Role of Food Science and Technology

23 Added-Value as Prime Mover TechnicalStrategy Product specification Strategic Environ. Raw Material Locality Agriculture and Primary Processing Nutrition and Food Habit Government Policy and Support Added-value Processing Tech. Scale-up Bussines Development Industrialization in Rural

24 Foster community development, since..  Give added-value  Produce in-situ  Open job opportunity  Create income  Investment and Capital in flow  Increase purchasing power as well as economic access on food

25 Support diversification of consumption, since …..  Increase variability in menu  Adaptive with food habit of community  Government procurement as captive market

26 Example: Cassava Flour in Trenggalek  Cassava aroma and taste Avoided by Food Industry Mostly processed into tapioca starch  Eliminating aroma and taste ? Outer layer of starch granule Which process is suitable ? Sources : Subagio (2008), Suharto (2009)

27 Breaking granule outer layer (Subagio, 2004) Tasteless and plain New Ingredient ???

28 Launching of MOCAF Factory SEPTEMBER 2006

29 Processing of MOCAF

30 At Beginning; Centralized Processing  Farmer only as supplyer of raw material  Raw material transportation; mostly water  Waste problem  Added value not enjoyed by farmer

31 Thinking about decentralization MOCAF Industry Farmer Market Raw Material Added value Product

32 Strategy; Intermediate Product MOCAF Industry MARKET Added value Product Farmer Intermediate Processing Unit

33 Cassava Collector / Trader Fermented Dried Chips Consumer New Value Chain, and Stakeholders Milling CullinaryIndustry Stakeholders : Farmer, Collecting Trader, Processing, Flour User, Consumer, Center and Regional Government Must be synergized Increase efficiency along chain Role of Cooperative

34 34 On-Farm Activity

35 35 In Intermediate Processing Unit

36 36 In Intermediate Processing Unit

37 Fermented Dried Chip transported to Factory

38 Weight of FDC as part of transaction mechanism

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40 Outcomes and Impact (1) Technology

41 Compliance to process and product specification Government of Trenggalek Regency Research Institution

42 What to do in Intermediate Processing Unit ?PetaniPetaniPetaniPetani PetaniPetani IPUIPU Raw Material InspectionRaw Material Inspection PeelingPeeling SlicingSlicing Fermenting (submerged)Fermenting (submerged) DryingDrying PackingPacking Raw Material InspectionRaw Material Inspection PeelingPeeling SlicingSlicing Fermenting (submerged)Fermenting (submerged) DryingDrying PackingPacking

43 Outcomes and Impact (2) Economy and Regional Development

44 Agro industri MOCAF Bagian penggerak ekonomi masyarakat # Manpower involved Tra der & Lab our Factory

45 45 Job creation in IPU (in-situ); Man-hour / 300 kg cassava Step m.h.Remark Raw Material Receiving 0.5 Weighting of cassava, will be grouped as 100 kg raw material Peeling kg need 2 hours Washing0.5 In wash bassin Slicing1.0 Included preparing for fermentation Incubation0.5 Placing of chip in fermentation vessel

46 46 Job creation in IPU (in-situ); Man-hour / 300 kg cassava Step m.h.Remark Salting0.5 Washing in salting vessel Drying6.6 Sun drying. Assumption : in same location Packaging6.3 Collecting from dryer, packaging and warehousing T O T A L 21.9

47 Stability of Cassava Price

48 48 Supporting Industry

49 Replication of IPU Milling Factory belong to Cooperative of Gemah Ripah PetaniPetaniPetaniPetani PetaniPetani IPUIPU MarketMarket PetaniPetaniPetaniPetani PetaniPetani IPUIPU PetaniPetaniPetaniPetani PetaniPetani IPUIPU

50 50 Another Role of Cooperative : Providing of standardized Inoculum

51 51 Bendungan Tugu Pogalan Pule Durenan Karangan Kampak Trenggalek Gandusari Watulimo Munjungan Dongko Panggul Suruh Milling Role in Regional Development Cluster = IPU

52 Closing Remark

53 in WEF, Davos (2011)  The world's current economic model is an environmental "global suicide pact" that will result in disaster if it isn't reformed,  political and business leaders need to embrace economic innovation in order to save the planet.  "We need a revolution,“ how best to make the global economy sustainable. "Climate change is also showing us that the old model is more than obsolete."Climate change  He called the current economic model a recipe for "national disaster" and said: "We are running out of time. Time to tackle climate change, time to ensure sustainable … growth.“

54 Bogor Agricultural University Institut Pertanian Bogor Interesting Statistics on “tilted situation” (the UN Human Development Report; 1998) (the UN Human Development Report; 1998) ! DescriptionUSD Bil Cost of Supplying Basic Education to all children 6 / y Cost of US spending on cosmetic 6 / y Cost of Provision of Water and Sanitation for all 9 / y Cost of Spending on Ice Cream in Europe 11 / y Cost of Provision of Basic Health for all 13 / y Cost of Spending on Cat Food in USA & Europe 17 / y Cost of Elimination of Malnutrition through improved agricu.4 / y Cost of Slimming Aids to counter obesity and over-eating in the first world 4 / y

55 Food Technology, IPB

56 Acknowledgement  Ministry of Research and Technology  Regional Government of Trenggalek (East Java), Bogor (West Java), Takalar (South Sulawesi)  Researchers from IPB, Unej, Unhas  All stakeholders involved


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