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Introduction to Health Care Careers 2005 SAN DIEGO COMMUNITY COLLEGE DISTRICT 3375 Camino del Rio South San Diego, CA 92108-3883 619-388-6500 Board of.

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Presentation on theme: "Introduction to Health Care Careers 2005 SAN DIEGO COMMUNITY COLLEGE DISTRICT 3375 Camino del Rio South San Diego, CA 92108-3883 619-388-6500 Board of."— Presentation transcript:

1 Introduction to Health Care Careers 2005 SAN DIEGO COMMUNITY COLLEGE DISTRICT 3375 Camino del Rio South San Diego, CA Board of Trustees: Marty Block, J.D., Rich Grosch, Maria Nieto Senour, Ph.D., Bill Schwandt, Peter Zschiesche, Constance M. Carroll, Ph.D., Chancellor The SDCCD is governed by its Board of Trustees. No oral or written representation is binding on the San Diego Community College District without the express approval of the Board of Trustees. SDCCD Public Information & Government Relations Created by the San Diego City College Nursing Department Health Care Career Ladder Project Team (2005)

2 Overview Career Clusters Career Opportunities Job Descriptions Choosing a Career Personality Test Job Outlook Source of Information Informational Websites

3 Career Clusters Laboratory Careers Imaging Careers Medical Careers Dental Careers Nursing Careers Mental Health Careers Rehabilitative Careers Emergency Health Careers Biotechnology Careers Environmental Control Careers Nutrition Services Careers

4 CAREER OPPORTUNITIES

5 Laboratory Careers PURPOSE: Laboratory workers perform tests to monitor and provide support for the functions of other health care providers. Laboratory personnel do not usually have contact with clients/patients (unless obtaining specimens). Clinical Laboratory Scientists/Laboratory Technologist Medical Lab Technician/Clinical Laboratory Technician Certified Histology Technician Medical Laboratory Assistant Phlebotomists Blood Bank Technologist

6 Imaging Careers PURPOSE: Radiology and related fields, heart monitoring (electrocardiography), Brain monitoring (electroencephalography) Radiographer/Radiologic Technologist Nuclear Medicine Technologist MRI Technologist Ultrasound Technologist (US Tech)

7 Medical Careers PURPOSE: Promotes health, provide care during an illness, Doctor of Medicine, Doctor of Osteopathic Medicine Doctor of Medicine (MD) Physician Assistant

8 Dental Careers PURPOSE: Provide optimal to the oral cavity of clients. Dentist Dental Hygienist Dental Assistant Registered Dental Assistants (RDA) Registered Dental Assistants in Extended Functions (RDAEF) Dental Laboratory Technician

9 Nursing Careers PURPOSE: Largest group of health care workers, promote optimal health and care during illness, provide care without prejudice. Registered Nurse Licensed Practical/Vocational Nurse Certified Nurse Assistant Medical Assistant Nurse Practitioner Certified Nurse Midwife Certified Registered Nurse Anesthetist Nursing Educator

10 Mental Health Careers PURPOSE: Provide care and treatment for individuals with disorders of the mind, emotion or behavior. Psychiatrist Psychologist Psychiatric Technicians Psychiatric Assistant

11 Rehabilitative Careers PURPOSE: Provide services to overcome physical, developmental, behavioral, or emotional disabilities including impaired muscle strength, physical endurance, sensory or muscle coordination, concentration and spatial discrimination. Physical Therapist Physical Therapy Assistant Occupational Therapist Certified Occupational Therapy Assistant Speech and Language Pathologist

12 Emergency Health Careers PURPOSE: Provide immediate care (first aid) at the scene of an injury. Emergency Medical Technician 1. EMT I 2. EMT II 3. EMT Paramedic (EMT-P)

13 Biotechnology Careers PURPOSE: Uses living organisms and their components to make products. The products include drugs for humans and animals, medical diagnostics, agricultural products, and health related services. Biotechnologist Biochemist I Biomedical Engineering Technician Cytotechnologist Clinical Geneticist

14 Environmental Control Careers PURPOSE: protect public health and the environment. Industrial Hygienists Health Inspectors Ecologists

15 Nutrition Service Careers PURPOSE: Plan food and nutrition programs and supervise the preparation and/or serving of meals. Dietician Dietetic Technician Food Service Workers

16 JOB DESCRIPTIONS

17 Clinical Laboratory Scientists Laboratory Technologist Job Tasks: performs clinical laboratory testing & analyzes the results using independent judgment, calibrates equipment & assists in determining the accuracy of tests & procedures. Education Required: Bachelor’s Degree followed by a training program up to 1 year in length, passage of an exam administered by the Board of Registry for Laboratory Technologists. Salary:$16.38 (median hourly wage) $36,916 (average annual salary) Laboratory Careers

18 Medical Lab Technician Clinical Laboratory Technician Job Tasks: Supervised by the Laboratory Technologist or Pathologist. Prepares tissue slides, obtains specimens, performs simple blood tests, performs cell counts & urinalysis. Education Required: 2 years of career specific training for Certification through the American Society for Certified Pathologists: Associate Degree or 5 years of fulltime acceptable clinical laboratory experience and successful completion of certification examination. Salary:$30.26 (median hourly wage), $62,798 (average annual salary) Laboratory Careers

19 Certified Histology Technician Job Tasks: Supervised by Pathologist. Specialized Lab Technician. Prepares tissues for diagnosis, research & teaching purposes. Education Required: Associate degree and 1 year of acceptable experience in histopathology or 3 years of experience under the supervision of a certified pathologist. Salary: $40,437 (average annual salary) Laboratory Careers

20 Medical Laboratory Assistant Job Tasks: Supervised by the Lab Technician. Performs routine urinalysis, serology, hematology & bacteriology. Education Required: 1 year of training in a hospital or 2 years in college or vocational programs. Certification possible after successful completion of an accredited program and a registry exam. Salary: $30,140 (annual average salary based on 2003 data) Laboratory Careers

21 Phlebotomist Job Tasks: Obtain & process blood specimens to aid in diagnosis & treatment of disease. Education Required: On the job training or community college or vocational training programs. Salary: $27,518 (Average Annual Salary in San Diego, CA) Laboratory Careers

22 Blood Bank Technologist Job Tasks: responsible for knowing blood bank techniques such as typing, collection, and transfusion. They also search for blood irregularities and are responsible for processing, testing, and labeling donor blood. Disease control is a priority for these specialists because they ensure that blood samples are safe for public use and are handled properly. Education Required: Baccalaureate degree, certification as a Medical Technologist, and 12 month period of study prior to certification examination. Salary: $27,540 to $40,510 (average annual salary) Laboratory Careers

23 Radiographer/Radiologic Technologist Job Tasks: Use x-rays, fluoroscopes and other techniques to create images used to diagnose patients; position patients for procedure and calculate the approximate exposure; may also assist in delivering substances by multiple routes such as ingestion that help produce clearer images; during x-ray process, they monitor patients’ condition and reactions; develop the x-ray film for the physician to view. Education Required: Radiologic Technologists must be licensed as a Certified Radiologic Technologist by the California Department of Health Services. To take the state exam, the applicant must have completed Radiologic Technologist Program offered by a community college, vocational school, hospital, or university. Most programs in California are two-year programs leading to a certificate or associate’s degree. Some programs offer a bachelor’s degree. Registration with American Registry of Radiologic Technologists is also required. Salary:$25.39 (median hourly wage) $52,810 (average annual salary) Imaging Careers

24 Nuclear Medicine Technologist Job Tasks: Prepares & administers radioactive compounds; participates in research; treat diseases by administering radioactive medicines to patients; also perform laboratory test using radioactive materials applied to tissue samples or blood to diagnose diseases. Education Required: Must pass a state-licensing exam. Two types of training available: First, many become Radiologic Technologists then specialize in Nuclear Medicine Technology, which requires one additional year of education. People who are not already Radiologic Technologists generally need a four-year college degree in the field. Registration with the American Registry of Radiologic Technologist or Nuclear Medicine Technologist Certification is required. Salary:$31.02 (median hourly wage) $66,045 (average annual salary) Imaging Careers

25 MRI Technologist Job Tasks: Produce cross-sectional images of a patient’s body using magnets and radio waves instead of x-rays to create images; explain the procedure to patients and prepare them for the MRI; select appropriate equipment, position the patient, and monitor them during testing. Education Required: Licensure from the State of California as a Certified Radiologic Technologist and Registration by the American Registry of Radiologic Technologists are required. This requires completion of a Radiologic Technologist program offered by a community college, vocational school, hospital, or university. Registration by the American Registry of Radiologic Technologists in Magnetic Resonance Imaging is preferred or must be obtained within 1 year. MRI Technologists must have an additional year of training beyond the basis Radiologic Technologist program to operate this specialized equipment. Salary: $57,874 (average annual salary in San Diego, CA) Imaging Careers

26 Ultrasound Technologist (US Tech) Job Tasks: Use sound waves to create cross-sectional images of a patient’s body; Use knowledge of anatomy to find the correct area to review. Education Required: High school diploma or equivalent. Completion of a three-year training program at a community college or vocational school. Shorter programs lasting one or two years are offered to people who have previous training or experience in radiologic technology or related medical field. Registration by the American Registry of Diagnostic Medical Sonographers is required. Salary: $59,619 (average annual salary in San Diego, CA) Imaging Careers

27 Doctor of Medicine (MD) Job Tasks: Also known as a physician, supervises overall care of clients; prescribes tests and medications; supervises and coordinates care provided by other members of the health care team. Education Required: Completion of 4 year baccalaureate degree, then 4 years of medical school. Specialization in specific fields of medicine require further education including internship and residency. Some areas of specialty include: gerontology, primary care, internal medicine, obstetrics, pediatrics, urology. Salary: $120,000 - $250,000 (average annual salary) Medical Careers

28 Physician Assistant Job Tasks: Provides personal care under the direction of the physician; supervised by the RN; participates in the development and implementation of the plan of care based upon client needs and identified problems. Education Required: 3 years education at Masters level after completion of 4 years baccalaureate degree and successful completion of licensure exam. Salary:$41.22 (median hourly wage) $85,733 (average annual salary) Medical Careers

29 Dentist Job Tasks: Supervises and manages care related to the oral cavity & teeth; education of clients and community; detection of disease; improve cosmetic appearance; correction of oral problems. Education Required: At least 2 years of college before entering dental school. 90% of students entering dental school have completed 4 year baccalaureate programs. Dental school lasts 3 – 4 years and offers the Doctor of Dental Surgery (DDS) or Doctor of Dental Medicine (DMD) degrees. In order to be a licensed by the state, successful completion of a national examination is required. Salary:$69.63 (median hourly wage) $144,812 (annual average salary) Dental Careers

30 Dental Hygienist Job Tasks: Recording health history, teeth cleaning, x-rays, polishing & flossing teeth, client instruction. Education Required: 2 year Community College or 4 year college or university degree and successful completion of state issued examination for licensure. Salary:$38.37 (median hourly wage) $82,179 (average annual wage) Dental Careers

31 Dental Assistant Job Tasks: Clerical duties, billing, cleaning & sterilizing equipment, taking initial health history, developing x-rays. Education Required: No state mandated educational requirements; some training may be on the job. Some learning institutions offer 1-2 year programs. Salary:$15.15 (median hourly wage) $31,985 (average annual wage) Dental Careers

32 Registered Dental Assistants (RDA) Job Tasks: Applies bleaching agents; makes and cements temporary crowns; looks into the mouth with a mirror and charts dental information about lesions and missing teeth; places post-extraction and periodontal dressings; records medical and dental histories and vita signs of patients. Education Required: Complete a State Dental Examiners Board approved extended functions training program before performing more advanced patient care tasks. Salary: $48,000 (average annual salary) Dental Careers

33 Registered Dental Assistants in Extended Functions (RDAEF) Job Tasks: Takes impressions for orthodontic appliances and cast restorations; prepares enamel for bonding; applies pit and fissure sealants. Education Required: Must be a Registered Dental Assistant (RDA). Successful completion of a State Board approved program in extended functions. Must renew their California State License every two years and complete 25 hours of continuing education. Current CPR training approved by the American Red Cross or the American Heart Association is required. Salary: Wages vary widely depending upon experience, education, ability, type of employer, and geographical location. Licensed Registered Dental Assistants and Registered Dental Assistants in Extended Functions may expect to receive higher wages than a Dental Assistant. Dental Careers

34 Dental Laboratory Technician Job Tasks: Do not work with clients; fabricates dental bridges, dentures, crowns, inlays, space maintainers, orthodontic appliances. Education Required: Mostly on the job training, but Certification is offered through the National Association of Dental Laboratories. Salary:$15.72 (median hourly wage) $35,038 (average annual salary) Dental Careers

35 Registered Nurse Job Tasks: Supervises the nursing care of clients; administers medications and treatments as ordered by the physician; educates clients and their families and communities; promotes health; identifies alterations in health and develops and implements a plan of care to resolve actual and potential problems. Education Required: 2 year Community College, 3 year Diploma or 4 year Baccalaureate program and successful completion of licensure exam (NCLEX-RN). Further advancement in education includes Masters and Doctorate education, specialized certification and licensure as Nurse Practitioner. Salary:$32.36 (median hourly wage) $68,500 (average annual salary) Nursing Careers

36 Licensed Practical/Vocational Nurse Job Tasks: Provides personal care under the direction of the physician; supervised by the RN; participates in the development and implementation of the plan of care based upon client needs and identified problems. Education Required: 1-2 year vocational training program and successful completion of licensure exam (NCLEX-PN). Salary:$19.86 (median hourly wage) $41,898 (average annual salary) Nursing Careers

37 Certified Nurse Assistant Job Tasks: Provides clients with assistance in performance of activities of daily living; provides personal care and companionship. Education Required: 250 hours of combined theory and clinical instruction in state of California; successful completion of state certification exam. Salary: $24,546 (annual average salary in San Diego, CA) Nursing Careers

38 Medical Assistant Job Tasks: Take height, weight, pulse respiration, temperature, prepare and administer injections, apply bandages and dressings and record electrocardiograms. Education Required: Graduation from a medical assisting program at an accredited institution or at least two years experience as a practicing medical assistant within the five years or military training or schooling equivalent to that provided by accredited medical assisting programs and successful completion of state issued certification examination. Salary:$13.08 (median hourly wage) $28,890 (average annual salary) Nursing Careers

39 Nurse Practitioner Nursing Careers Job Tasks: Examines and treats patients independently and in autonomous collaboration with other health care professionals. Ensures proper illness and injury care and disease prevention, diagnosis, treatment, and recovery. Familiar with a variety of the field's concepts, practices, and procedures. Relies on extensive experience and judgment to plan and accomplish goals. Performs a variety of tasks. May lead and direct the work of others. A wide degree of creativity and latitude is expected. Typically reports to a manager or head of a unit/department. Education Required: Requires a master's degree in area of specialty, national board certification as a nurse practitioner in an area of specialty, 2-4 years of experience in the field or in a related area, and is licensed as a nurse practitioner. Salary:$77,897 (annual average salary in San Diego, CA)

40 Certified Nurse Midwife Nursing Careers Job Tasks: Provides professional care for patients with obstetric and gynecologic needs. Assists patients in labor and delivery, as well as postpartum care. Ensures safety and health of mother and child and identifies need for additional care. Performs a variety of tasks. Works in conjunction with a practicing physician. A certain degree of creativity and latitude is required. Typically reports to a supervisor or manager. Education Required: Requires certification, a bachelor's degree and 2-4 years of experience in the field or in a related area. Must be a registered nurse and familiar with standard concepts, practices, and procedures within a particular field. Relies on experience and judgment to plan and accomplish goals. Salary:$85,174 (annual average salary in San Diego, CA)

41 Certified Registered Nurse Anesthetist (CRNA) Nursing Careers Job Tasks: Prepares prescribed solutions and administers anesthetic following specified methods and procedures. Informs physician of patient's condition during anesthesia. Performs pre- and post-anesthesia patient visits and documents anesthesia notes on patient records. Familiar with standard concepts, practices, and procedures within a particular field. Relies on extensive experience and judgment to plan and accomplish goals. Education Required: A Bachelor of Science in Nursing (BSN) or other appropriate baccalaureate degree. A current license as a registered nurse. At least one year of experience as a registered nurse in an acute care setting. Graduation with a master’s degree from an accredited nurse anesthesia program. Pass a national certification examination following graduation. In order to maintain their certification, CRNAs must obtain a minimum of 40 hours of continuing education every two years. Salary: $135,990 (annual average salary in San Diego, CA)

42 Nursing Educator Nursing Careers Job Tasks: Nurse educators are responsible for designing, implementing, evaluating and revising academic and continuing education programs for nurses. These include formal academic programs that lead to a degree or certificate, or more informal continuing education programs designed to meet individual learning needs. Education Required: At a minimum, nurse educators who work in academic settings must hold a master's degree. In order to be promoted to the upper academic ranks (e.g., associate professor and professor) and to be granted tenure, academic faculty typically must hold an earned doctoral degree. Nurse educators who work in clinical settings must hold the minimum of a baccalaureate degree in nursing, but more and more institutions are requiring the master's degree for such appointments. Salary: $61,000 (annual average salary – doctoral degree) $49,000 (annual average salary – master’s degree)

43 Psychiatrist Job Tasks: Determine the type & severity of mental/behavioral/emotional disorders, plan therapy, prescribe medications. Education Required: Bachelor’s degree followed by medical school, followed by a 4 year residency. Specialties include psychoanalysis, psychotherapy, forensics, private practice, research, education. Salary:$88.85 (median hourly wage) $184,809 (average annual salary) Mental Health Careers

44 Psychologist Job Tasks: Treat mental & emotional disorders using personal interviews, aptitude and intelligence testing, observation. Education Required: 4 year college or university degree, then advanced study at the doctoral level before licensure/certification examination. Salary:$34,88 (median hourly wage) $72,550 (average annual salary) Mental Health Careers

45 Psychiatric Technicians Job Tasks: Interview clients, lead group sessions, give daily care, make home visits, administer medications. Education Required: 2 year Associate degree from a board accredited program & successful completion of licensure exam. Salary: $20.67 (median hourly wage) $47,325 (average annual salary) Mental Health Careers

46 Psychiatric Assistant Job Tasks: Work under the direction of a psychiatric nurse or MD; aide with activities of daily living, socializes with clients, leads recreational activities, observes for & reports unusual behavior. Education Required: Usually on the job training for 2-6 months. Some community colleges may offer programs. Salary: $28,728 -$39,240 (annual average salary) Mental Health Careers

47 Physical Therapist Job Tasks: Restore function, relieve pain, and prevent disability after disease, injury or loss of a body part; utilize exercise programs & adaptive equipment. Education Required: Completion of a Board approved program (at least 4 years in length) and successful completion of state licensure exam. Phasing out Baccalaureate degree and moving to a minimum educational requirement of a Master’s Degree. Salary:$34.09 (median hourly wage) $70,907 (average annual salary) Rehabilitative Careers

48 Physical Therapy Assistant Job Tasks: Provide routine treatments under the supervision of a licensed Physical Therapist; Applies hot and cold packs, ultraviolet stimulation and hydrotherapy; observe clients during treatment & record observations. Education Required: 2 year college level training and Associate Degree from approved program. Salary: $20.65 (median hourly wage) $42,960 (average annual salary) Rehabilitative Careers

49 Occupational Therapist Job Tasks: Use activities to help clients reach highest level of independent living by overcoming injury, birth defects, aging or emotional and developmental problems; aid the client develop, maintain or regain skills that enable independent life; utilize adaptive equipment. Education Required: Completion of an accredited 4 year baccalaureate program (degree), at least 6 months clinical training, and successful completion of national exam. Salary:$32.37 (median hourly wage) $67,318 (average annual salary) Rehabilitative Careers

50 Certified Occupational Therapy Assistant Job Tasks: Instruct & assist clients to perform activities of daily living; help to design & adapt living & working environments to meet needs of disabled clients. Education Required: Completion of approved 2 year program and successful completion of a national examination. Salary: $39,893 (Average Annual Salary in San Diego, CA) Rehabilitative Careers

51 Speech and Language Pathologist Job Tasks: Evaluation, treatment and research in communication and related disorders; identify and treat swallow disorders. Education Required: Completion of Master’s Degree, 9 months of supervised experience, and successful completion of nation examination, with each state issuing a license. For education and research, doctoral degree is required. Salary:$32.32 (median hourly wage) $67,223 (average annual salary) Rehabilitative Careers

52 Emergency Medical Technician (EMT) I & II EMT Paramedic (EMT-P) Job Tasks: Work under the supervision of a physician to provide care to the acutely ill or injured; respond to medical emergencies; give immediate care; transport victim to hospital; maintain rescue vehicles & equipment. EMT I - Education Required: (Certified by County EMS offices) – Minimum age: 18; 100 hours of approved EMT training; 10 hours of supervised clinical experience; valid CA driver’s license. EMT II - Education Required: (Certified by County EMS offices) – Minimum age: 18; high school diploma or equivalent; EMT-1 certification and one year field experience; minimum of 210 hours of approved classroom and skills laboratory training; 96 hours clinical training & field internship; minimum of 20 emergency advance life support patient contacts. EMT-P - Education Required: (licensed by State EMS Authority) – Age 18 with high school diploma or equivalent; Valid EMT-I/II certificate; 320 hours-Approved classroom and skills laboratory; 160 hours approved hospital clinical training; 460 hours approved field internship with a minimum of 40 patient contacts who required emergency advanced life support assistance; licensed by state. Salary:$11.36 (median hourly wage) $28,890 (average annual salary – higher salary based EMT level) Emergency Health Careers

53 Dietician Job Tasks: Plan and supervise the preparation of meals for patients/clients and confer with physicians and other medical professionals about each patient’s/client’s nutritional needs and preferences. They may coordinate diet therapy and nutritional education programs, including teaching patients and their families about specific diets to be followed. Education Required: Completion of a bachelor’s degree in food service management, nutrition, or dietetics from a college accredited by the American Dietetic Association (ADA). Registered Dietitian certification is increasingly preferred by employers. Salary:$26.21 (median hourly wage) $55,071 (average annual salary) Nutrition Services Careers

54 Dietetic Technician Job Tasks: Assist the Dietitian in developing nutritional care plans, assessing dietary needs, and supervising food production in institutions such as prisons, daycare centers, and schools. May plan and produce meals based on established guidelines, evaluate dietary histories of clients to plan nutritional programs, teach principles of food and nutrition, or counsel individuals. Education Required: Completion of an associate degree. Practical experience, scientific aptitude, and fingerprint clearance may be required by employer. Salary:$14.33 (median hourly wage) $29,702 (average annual salary) Nutrition Services Careers

55 Food Service Worker Nutrition Services Careers Job Tasks: The duties of the food service worker cover the whole range of food preparation, storing, preparing, and serving, as well as dishwashing and kitchen cleaning. Every one of these jobs is an important link in making certain that high standards are maintained in preparation and service. Education Required: High School Diploma. On the job training available in most institutions. Salary:$8.54 (median hourly wage) $17,758 (average annual salary)

56 Industrial Hygienists Job Tasks: Keep workers, their families, and the community healthy and safe. Ensure that federal, state, and local laws and regulations are followed in the work environment. Investigate and examine the workplace for hazards and potential dangers. Conduct scientific research to provide data on possible harmful conditions in the workplace. Train and educate the community about job-related risks. Ensure that workers are properly following health and safety procedures Education Required: Certification: CIH, CAIH (may apply) undergraduate degree in one of the sciences, such as engineering, chemistry, biology, etc. Salary:$40,000 - $50,000 (entry-level) $50,000 - $70,000 (mid-level) $60,000 - $130,000 or higher (top-level). Environment Control Careers

57 Health Inspectors Job Tasks: Conducts investigations of work environments to determine if safety and health requirements are being met. Familiar with standard concepts, practices, and procedures within a particular field. Relies on judgment and limited experience to plan and accomplish goals. Performs a variety of tasks. Works under general supervision; typically reports to a supervisor or manager. A certain degree of creativity and latitude is required. Education Required: May require a bachelor's degree and 2-4 years of experience in the field or in a related area. Salary: $43,613 (average annual salary in San Diego, CA) Environment Control Careers

58 Ecologists Environment Control Careers Job Tasks: study the relationships between living organisms and their environments. In the petroleum industry, ecologists can be involved in assessing the environmental impact of operations, spill clean-up and site reclamation. Education Required: Degree in science is required. Degree in biology, chemistry, ecology, environmental science and environmental engineering are preferred. Masters degree or Ph.D. can improve employment prospects, salary and employment options. Ongoing education is required throughout this career. Salary: $40,000 - $60,000 (average annual salary)

59 Biotechnologist Biotechnology Job Tasks: apply biochemistry (chemistry that deals with the chemical substances and processes occurring in organisms) to find environmentally-friendly applications for the petroleum industry. They use biological processes to supplement non-biological methods used in applications such as clean-up of oil spills. They use sophisticated technology to conduct experiments with micro-organisms. Education Required: A degree in biotechnology, biochemistry, microbiology or a related field is required. A Masters degree or Ph.D. in chemistry and Certification from a professional association may be required. Salary: $55,000 - $70,000 (average annual salary)

60 Biochemist I Biotechnology Job Tasks: Evaluates the physical properties of various living organisms in order to investigate their applications to medicine and other industries. Has knowledge of commonly-used concepts, practices, and procedures within a particular field. Relies on instructions and pre-established guidelines to perform the functions of the job. Works under immediate supervision. Primary job functions do not typically require exercising independent judgment. Typically reports to a supervisor or manager. Education Required: Requires a bachelor's degree and 0-2 years of experience in the field or in a related area. Opportunity for promotion to Biochemist level II, III. Salary: $43,380 (average annual salary in San Diego, CA)

61 Biomedical Engineering Technician Biotechnology Job Tasks: Assembles, maintains, and repairs various medical equipment. Tests the functionality of equipment and takes accuracy, sensitivity, and selectivity measurements. Assists medical staff in operation of equipment. Familiar with standard concepts, practices, and procedures within a particular field. Relies on experience and judgment to plan and accomplish goals. Performs a variety of tasks. Works under general supervision. A certain degree of creativity and latitude is required. Typically reports to a supervisor or manager. Education Required: May require an associate's degree in biomedical engineering or electronic engineering. Salary: $46,915 (average annual salary in San Diego, CA)

62 Cytotechnologist Biotechnology Job Tasks: A laboratory professional who studies cells and cellular abnormalities. They use the microscope to analyze slides of human cells to search for cause or abnormalities that indicate a cell is malignant, pre-malignant or diseased. By observing the nuclei and cytoplasmic structures within cells, cytotechnologists can identify malignancies. Education Required: Training programs in cytotechnology exist at the baccalaureate, post-baccalaureate certificate, and master's levels. Usually, students are accepted into an accredited hospital or university-based program after their sophomore or junior year of college. Salary: $49,026 (average annual salary)

63 Clinical Geneticist Biotechnology Job Tasks: They provide genetic diagnosis, management, therapy and counseling services. They often supervise genetic counselors, and help families understand possible genetic issues. Education Required: There are various training programs throughout the United States in genetics. Most of the programs are two years in duration and offer hands-on experience along with skills in writing, conducting clinical and or laboratory research, and organizing and delivering lectures and seminars. Salary: data not available

64 CHOOSING A CAREER

65 Choosing a Career Choosing a career is one of the most important decisions you will ever make. Unfortunately it’s not an easy decision. There are many factors that determine which career you might succeed at most (i.e. likes, dislikes, interest, salary, personality). The following websites will help to determine which career is best for you. Live Career (Take a Free Career Test) Go to: Health Care Careers Finding a Match for Your Interests (Pg ) Go to:

66 PERSONALITY TEST

67 Personality Test Personality tests help employers to learn more about you as an individual and how you will react to different situations. The following online tests will help you determine your personality type (i.e. Extravert, Introvert) and help discover which career fits best with your personality type. Personality test based on Jung - Myers-Briggs typology Tickle Tests The Big Five Personality Test The Big Five Personality Test

68 JOB OUTLOOK

69 Job Outlook Modified

70 INFORMATIONAL WEBSITES

71 Informational Websites

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74 SOURCE OF INFORMATION

75 Source of Information

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77 SAN DIEGO COMMUNITY COLLEGE DISTRICT 3375 Camino del Rio South San Diego, CA Board of Trustees: Marty Block, J.D., Rich Grosch, Maria Nieto Senour, Ph.D., Bill Schwandt, Peter Zschiesche, Constance M. Carroll, Ph.D., Chancellor The SDCCD is governed by its Board of Trustees. No oral or written representation is binding on the San Diego Community College District without the express approval of the Board of Trustees. SDCCD Public Information & Government Relations


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