Presentation on theme: "Introduction to Veterinary Medicine Submitted by Callie Parr and used in cooperation with the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign. The materials."— Presentation transcript:
Introduction to Veterinary Medicine Submitted by Callie Parr and used in cooperation with the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign. The materials that appear in this document may be freely reproduced for educational/training activities. There is no requirement to obtain special permission for such uses. We do, however, ask that the following statement appear on all reproductions: This permission statement is limited to the reproduction of material for educational/training events. Systematic or large-scale reproduction or distribution (more than one hundred copies per year)—or inclusion of items in publications for sale—may be done only with prior written permission. Also, reproduction on computer disk or by any other electronic means requires prior written permission. Contact the University of Illinois Agricultural Education Program to obtain special permission. The University of Illinois and its affiliated entities, in addition to the individual submitting the materials, assumes no liability to original work or activities therein. INTRODUCTION TO VETERINARY MEDICINE, by CALLIE PARR Materials produced for classroom use in conjunction with permission from the University of Illinois Agricultural Education Program.
Introduction to Veterinary Medicine
What is it? Veterinary Medicine is the medical treatment of animals. How is it different from a Doctor? Must know many different species. Must know many areas such as internal medicine, pediatrics, obstetrics, surgery, etc. Can’t talk to the patient Pets, livestock, lab animals, zoo animals, wildlife What animals does a Vet treat?
What is the History of Vet Med? Veterinary Medicine developed alongside human medical advancements. Recorded references as early as 9000 bc in the Middle Eastern sheparding cultures. Hieroglyphs in Egypt refer to placing stones in a female camel’s uterus to prevent pregnancy. In American West a veterinarian would find themselves treating animals and people alike because of their skills in many areas.
What are the Career options in Vet Med? Veterinarian Small Animal Large Animal Exotic Zoological Veterinary Technologist Veterinary Assistant Clinical Pathologist Academia
What education is needed for Veterinary Medicine? A DVM needs 8 years of post secondary education. There are 28 schools of veterinary medicine in the country. A Vet Tech needs 4 years of post secondary education. A Vet assistant can have 2-4 years of post secondary education. A pathologist will need 4-6 years of post secondary education
Duties in Veterinary Medicine Breed selection Nutrition Grooming Training General husbandry Vaccination Spay/neuter Treat illness/injury Health screening Treat parasites Provide referrals Humane euthanasia Allay concerns of owner
How does someone in Vet Med contribute to society? By Promoting animal health and welfare. By Combating zoonotic diseases. By inspecting livestock and food-processing procedures to ensure safety of food supply. By preserving and conserving wildlife. By conducting scientific research that impacts the food we eat, the medicine we take, etc.
Veterinary Medical Terminology
On the body: Dorsal - toward the ceiling or back Ventral - toward the floor or belly Cranial/anterior - toward the head Caudal/posterior - toward the butt rear Lateral - toward the side Medial - toward the midline
On the limbs: Proximal - toward the body Distal - away from the body Palmar - the front foot pads Plantar - the rear foot pads
Movement: Flexion - decreasing a joint’s angle Extension - increasing a joint’s angle On the head: Rostral – toward the nose Caudal – toward the tail/rear
Prefixes Hema/o… - having to do with the blood Hyper… - increased levels/activity of ______ Hypo… - decreased levels/activity of _______ Hetero… - different Homo… - the same Psuedo… - false Anti… - against Peri… - around
Tachy… - fast Mega/macro… - large Micro… - small Poly… - many Pan… - all Hap/mono… - one Di… - two A… - none/not Prefixes cont. Prim… - first Iso… - equal Ambi… - both Laevo… - left Dextro… - right Trans… - through Ex/o… - out End/o… - in
Prefixes cont. Brachy… - short Steno… - narrow Ortho… - straight Leuk/o… - white Cirrh/o… - yellow Chlor/o… - green Melan… - black Glauc/o… - grey
Misc terms Malignant – cancerous Benign – non-cancerous Local – in one specific location General – all over or in many locations Acute – rapid onset Palpate – to feel by hand Feces/fecal – excrement Triage – to collect information and assess the situation
Misc Terms Infectious – can be spread Diagnosis – to determine a cause for symptoms Prognosis – how it will turn out Congenital – with/upon/before birth Appendages – arms or legs Digits – fingers or toes Vestigial – non-functional Phalanges – fingers/toes
Clinical Experience You will be required to complete and document 10 clinical hours. Clinical hours include working with animals in any structured environment. Examples are: working at a vets office cleaning cages, feeding, etc. Working at a local animal shelter cleaning cages, feeding, socializing, etc. Working at a barn/stable Documentation comes in the form of detailed records listing days & hours worked, tasks completed, and skills learned. Signed by the owner/ operator/ manager.