CEGEPS IN THE EDUCATIONAL SYSTEM IN QUÉBEC Cegep : An accessible network
CEGP C ollège d’ E nseignement G énéral et P rofessionnel CEGEPS IN THE EDUCATIONAL SYSTEM IN QUÉBEC First level of higher education C.E.G.E.P.
TradesTechnicalProfessional University Technical (3 years) Vocational training Doctorate (2-4 years) Master’s (2 years) Bachelor’s (3-4 years) Pre-university (2 years) Secondary (5 years) CEGEPS IN THE EDUCATIONAL SYSTEM IN QUÉBEC Education in Québec Elementary (6 years) Cegep
8 Pre-university programs 138 Higher Technical programs In all major branches of science, social studies, arts and literature In all principal sectors of the job market Variety of programs
Represents its college members internationally Fosters partnerships between its members and foreign institutions Makes its member’s expertise available to international partners Represents its college members internationally Fosters partnerships between its members and foreign institutions Makes its member’s expertise available to international partners Promote s college expertise on the world scene CEGEPS IN THE EDUCATIONAL SYSTEM IN QUÉBEC Cégep international
Ministerial strategy for internationalization of education
Student’s mobility NUMBER OF CEGEPS / GEOGRAPHIC REGIONS PRIVILEDGED GEOGRAPHICAL REGIONS WESTERN EUROPE CENTRAL AMERICA SOUTH AMERICA AFRICA AND INDIAN OCEAN MEXICO UNITED STATES ASIA MIDDLE EAST EASTERN EUROPE
Obstacles-Student’s mobility Languages Paid jobs for the students Duration of studies from 2 to 3 years Non-recognition of courses taken abroad Less bridge programs (cegep-university)
Challenges-Student’s mobility Actually, the majority of student’s mobility projects are in France and French speaking African countries. The main challenge is to diversify the countries where we are doing mobility projects (China, India, Mexico, Brazil, etc.) We will have to find solutions to the language barriers We will have to develop more partnership agreements with those countries in order to look at the credential recognition for students.
The pathways between levels of studies is a concern of long time in Quebec; –Example: Creation of the ÉTS: Specialized in the teaching and the industrial research in ingineering and technology transfer, it trains engineers and researchers recognized for their practical and innovating approach; –It is the only school of engineering in Quebec which offers programmes of baccalaureat in engineering created specifically for the graduates of technical collegial level wishing to obtain a university degree.
Pathways DEC/BAC agreements –Agreements between Universities and colleges to link a technical program with a program of baccalaureat in the same field of studies; –Usually, the university recognizes assets of the collegial program for the equivalency of one academic year. That allows students to obtain, generally into four or five years of studies, a double diploma.
Pathways DEC/BAC agreements example –Integrated DEC/BAC program in nursing: the only agreement in DEC/BAC formula with a network approach; –9 Universities and 42 colleges participate into the consortium.
CHALLENGES Since education is a provincial jurisdiction, we have 13 ministries of education, which complicates the paths between the provinces and between Canada and other countries. ACCC is playing an important role to develop international agreements for all the colleges; Agreements paths must be one institution to another, which is intensifying its activities; We must pay attention to make our programs as flexible as possible to allow for greater mobility, both incoming and outgoing, for students, while continuing to assure quality control of the programs.
Main concerns- Transferability In several countries, senior technical programs are linked to universities, which sometimes facilitates their recognition; Need for more recognition of the DCS as higher technical diploma, leading to the title of Professional Technologist and his equivalence internationally.
Transferabillity- Initiatives The College of Technologists of Quebec signed in Paris last June, an initial agreement on recognition of professional qualifications as part of the France- Québec Agreement for greater mobility of labor across international.
Transferabillity- Initiatives The Mutual Recognition Arrangement (MRA) means that the Ministry of Higher Education and Research of France ruled that the first three programs in Quebec analyzed and compared by France are broadly equivalent to seven degrees from the University Institutes of Technology (IUT) and high schools (Patent higher Technician).
Transferabillity- Initiatives Work continues to compare all programs of Quebec leading to permits delivered by the College of technologists and all programs from France related to technologies eligible to the College of Technologists; It is an important progress in the development of pathways of learning programs between France and Quebec and it is an important model to develop such pathways with other countries.
The Bologna Process The Bologna Process, launched with the Bologna Declaration, of 1999, is one of the main voluntary processes at European level, as it is nowadays implemented in 47 states, which define the European Higher Education Area (EHEA); The European Qualifications Framework (EQF) acts as a translation device to make national qualifications more readable across Europe, promoting workers' and learners' mobility between countries and facilitating their lifelong learning
Initiatives There are currently various discussions held, both Canadian and Quebec levels: Canadian Initiative for International Marketing of Education; Advice of the Supreme Council of Education of Quebec on the internationalization of colleges; Interdepartmental Committee (Quebec) on the recruitment of foreign students
CHALLENGES Classifications of educational programs and recognition of degrees are being harmonized at different levels, worldwide; Several institutions are developing a formal articulation between two countries programs that allow students to walk with less obstacles between the two countries.
CHALLENGES Quebec faces a shortage of qualified technical manpower; Employers need workers with international and intercultural skills to thrive in a world increasingly globalized; CEGEPs are able to adequately address these two realities
CHALLENGES How can we insert positively in this process? How can we ensure that our technical programs allow greater mobility between students from different provinces and between students from Quebec, Canada and other countries?
Quebec CEGEPs are interested in continuing to explore various avenues to improve mobility both incoming as outgoing students; Cégep international continues to listen to any suggestions and recommendations at this level.
Merci Thank you World Federation of Colleges and Polytechnics World Congres 2012- Halifax – May 29