Presentation on theme: "ICT Development in Nepal Shiv Bhushan Lal Director Nepal Telecom Central Regional Directorate Birgunj."— Presentation transcript:
ICT Development in Nepal Shiv Bhushan Lal Director Nepal Telecom Central Regional Directorate Birgunj
ICT is changing the way of life: The way we do business, (E-commerce, E-Procurement, Online banking) The way we communicate, (Mobile, SMS, MMS, 3G Video) The way government functions (E-Governance, Digital signature) The way we entertain (Online games, Internet,Chhating) The way we share information (Internet, Virtual library) The way services delivered (E-Health, E-Learning, Shopping, Online banking)
Maitland report ( missing link ) –1985 1st to Identify Digital Divide “Not all people were sharing the social and economic benefits that telecommunication creates”
From Third World to First Lee Kuan Yew (Former Prime minister of Singapore) “The new divide in the world will be between those with the knowledge and those without. We must learn and be part of the knowledge-based world.”
Harsh Reality ICT in Nepal Information poor and information rich communities. Mismatched tele-density in urban and rural area. Local language on Internet Poor Access to information for rural people. Knowledge sharing is weak.
Nepal Telecom’s Infrastructure Number of telephone exchanges : PSTN Subscribers: 5,42,623 CDMA subscribers: 6,17,444 GSM subscribers: 20,74,677 Total Internet Subscriber: 10,651 Total ADSL Subscriber: 13,115 Total PDSN Internet (CDMA) : 29,422 Total Internet Bandwidth(Intl GW): 625Mbps VSAT terminals: 484 VDC Covered by NT services: 3209 International circuits: 3410 Tele Density Total : 12 % Ref: NT’s MIS of Mangsir 2065
Upcoming Technologies Next Generation Network (NGN) GSM 3G Services (800 Subcs. In Kathmandu) CDMA EVDO Services (IP CDMA) National IP Backbone – STM 64 ADSL service with Telephone/Internet/IPTV New Value added services Fiber link with China Internet Gateway STM 4 SIP Phones Mobile Commerce
Value added services PCC Prepaid Calling Card AFS Advance Free Phone Service (Toll Free Phone) HCD Home Country Direct PCL Prepaid Credit Limit UAN Universal Access Network Eg- IVR(interactive-voice-record) Notice Board, VMS, Quarry Bill etc.
Mobile User’s Rate Postpaid – GSM / CDMA 6.00 AM to 8.00 AMRs. 1.00/min 8.00 AM to 6.00 PM Rs. 1.60/min PM to 6.00PMRs. 0.75/min 6.00 PM to PMRs. 1.00/min Prepaid – GSM 6.00 AM to PMRs. 2.00/min PM to 6.00 AM Rs. 0.75/min – CDMA 6.00 AM to PMRs. 1.80/min PM to 6.00 AM Rs. 0.75/min – SMS Rs. 0.50/sms
New Charges in Landline No installation Charges for 2 months Charges for CID Rs. 200 (Prev. Rs. 500) Monthly Rental Charges Rs. 200 (175 calls free) – 6.00 AM to 8.00 AM 1 call for 4 mins. – 8.00 AM to 6.00 PM 1 call for 2 mins. – 6.00 PM to PM 1 call for 4 mins. – PM to 6.00 AM 1 call for 8 mins.
Program of Nepal Telecom for F/Y 065/66 PSTN : 1,42,026 Lines NGN Based Switch : 464,000 Lines ADSL Switch : 62,946 Ports GSM : 2.0M Lines out of 3.5 M GSM BTS : 800 Nos. CDMA BTS: 100 Nos. OPTICAL FIBER CABLE LAYING : 400 km No of Exchanges: 10 Nos.
Birgunj Regional Directorate at A Glance Total Working Man Power610 Telephone Distribution Telephone Exchanges = 37 PSTN Telephone Lines45657 GSM Mobile Telephone Post Paid7125 Prepaid CDMA Telephone Lines C-Phone Post Paid6953 C-Phone Prepaid20300 SKY Phone45219
GSM BTS DETAILS ( upto 600 K ) S/NDistrictNo of Existing BTS New Add. BTS in 600K 1Chitwan Makwanpur Bara Parsa Rautahat02 6Dolkha004 7Ramechhap004 8Sindhuli004 9Dhanusha Mahottari Sarlahi0302 Total3546
Total Number of BTS :81 Site Commenced:74 Site Cancelled:6 Equipment Shifted :1 to MWD 81 GSM BTS Summary (upto 600 K)
Summary of CDMA BTS Total Number of BTS:46 BTS Commenced:30 Equipments in Store:0
S/NDistrict No. of BTS House Rent Completed 3 Phase Supply Remarks 1Chitwan Makwanpur600 3.Bara1350On Process 4.Parsa Rautahat853 6Dolkha300 7Sindhuli100 8Dhanusha2970 9Mahottari940 10Sarlahi1742 Total CURRENT STATUS OF BTS (3.5m)
NT’s Value Added Services Voice Mail for PSTN, GSM & CDMA PDSN Packet Data for CDMA Customers Prepaid Calling Card Home Country Direct PSTN Bill Enquiry through IVR GSM Bill Enquiry through SMS GSM Bill payment through ATM, Banks and E-Bank Bills on Internet Web SMS Caller Ring back tone SMS Value Added Service (2626, 2323, 2722, 5151)
Value Added Services in coming days National IP Backbone Virtual private networking ADSL based Internet and Telephone SMS Service between GSM & CDMA CTD (Cell time Discount) LBS (Location Based Service) MVPN (Mobile Virtual Private Network) MMS (Multi Media Service) to all GSM Subscriber
Services of NT PSTN STD Dial up Internet PSTN VMS SKYDATA ISD PCC Call Forwarding Call Waiting CDMA VMS GSM Mobile prepaid GSM Mobile Postpaid CDMA Fixed Postpaid VMS AFS Caller ID PCL CDMA Fixed Prepaid Night surfing Internet CDMA Mobile Prepaid Pay Phone Leased Lines GPRS 3G
21 xDSL Technology Refers collectively to all types of digital subscriber lines Categories: 2 main 1) Asymmetric DSL (ADSL) 2) Symmetric DSL (SDSL) xDSL is technology backed by telephone companies to provide next generation high bandwidth services to the home using the existing telephone copper cabling infrastructure. Promises bandwidths up to theoretically 8.448Mbps. Data rates depends on Distance and line quality conditions.
22 xDSL and PSTN POTS – Plain Old Telephone Service Local Loop – On Hook, Off Hook Dial Tone, Ringing tone Transmit receive sound signal (300Hz to 3.4Khz) PSTN Exchange
23 How xDSL works Utilise more bandwidth on copper (Frequency above 3.4 Khz) Local Exchange is bypassed PSTN Exchange Modem End Devices
25 At your Desk Managed Office Whatever you’re doing (applications) In the Air On the Road Collaboration In Town PDA Cellular Phone Wherever you are (across various access types) Whatever you’re using (devices) At Home Video Web Apps PC Life is easy with NT’s Internet Services
Mobile Broadband A mobile phone or cell phone is a long–rang, portable electronic device used for mobile communication. In addition to the standard voice function of a telephone, current mobile phones can support many additional services such as SMS for text message, , packet switching for access to the internet and MMS for sending and receiving photo and video.
GPRS NETWORK VLR MSC GMSC HLR AUC VLR MSC Abis BSC BTS BSS SGSN Gb GGSN PDN PCU PSTN Internet A Note: AUC= Authentication Centre HLR= Home Location Registr. VLR= Visitor Location Reg.
Short Message Service (SMS) Enhanced SMS (EMS) Multimedia Messaging Service (MMS) The roadmap of Messaging Service: SMS-EMS-MMS Happy Birthday Nice flower The Evolution of Messaging Service
Multimedia Messaging Service (MMS) The multimedia message service (MMS) is a kind of new message service developed on the basis of short message services. The contents of multimedia messages include text, graph, image, audio, video, etc.
Mobile Network Application Mode of MMS user SP Handset to handset Handset to Handset to SP(Service Provider) MMSC