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Take notes 1 J200 - Week VI © J.T.Johnson 1999 _____________________________Fall 1999 Notes Return to slide.

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Presentation on theme: "Take notes 1 J200 - Week VI © J.T.Johnson 1999 _____________________________Fall 1999 Notes Return to slide."— Presentation transcript:

1 Take notes 1 J200 - Week VI © J.T.Johnson 1999 _____________________________Fall 1999 Notes Return to slide

2 Take notes 2 J200 - Week VI © J.T.Johnson 1999 _____________________________Fall 1999 J200: Journalism and Mass Communications - Week VI The Newspaper Industry

3 Take notes 3 J200 - Week VI © J.T.Johnson 1999 _____________________________Fall 1999 Latest news….  NYTimes: “The Ties Behind the News in Author Interviews on TV” (11 April)The Ties Behind the News in Author Interviews on TV  Pass-along readership (NewsInc) Pass-along readership  NYT – “Efforts Intensify to Capture Spanish-Speaking Readers”Efforts Intensify to Capture Spanish-Speaking Readers

4 Take notes 4 J200 - Week VI © J.T.Johnson 1999 _____________________________Fall 1999 Newspaper: Industry, Profession, Avocation  Watch for necessary conditions for mass media gestation:  Production technology  Literate audience  Distribution system  Changes in the Infosphere

5 Take notes 5 J200 - Week VI © J.T.Johnson 1999 _____________________________Fall 1999 Newspaper: Industry, Profession, Avocation  Definition: Newspapers are a geographically circumscribed print medium, regularly issued, serving the GENERAL interests of a specific community (Usually geographically, but not always, i.e. computer newspapers, horse traders weekly, etc.)

6 Take notes 6 J200 - Week VI © J.T.Johnson 1999 _____________________________Fall 1999 U.S. Nwppr Readership

7 Take notes 7 J200 - Week VI © J.T.Johnson 1999 _____________________________Fall 1999 Avg. Circ. Of U.S. Daily Newspapers 1940-2000 Source: State of the News Media 2004 http://www.stateofthenewsmedia.org/chartland.asp?id=148&ct=line&dir=&sort=&c ol1_box=1&col2_box=1

8 Take notes 8 J200 - Week VI © J.T.Johnson 1999 _____________________________Fall 1999 Believability of News Outlets Over Time – 1995-2002 Source: State of the News Media 2004 http://www.stateofthenewsmedia.org/chartland.asp?id=200&ct=col&dir=&sort=&col4_box=1 http://www.stateofthenewsmedia.org/chartland.asp?id=200&ct=col&dir=&sort=&col4_box=1

9 Take notes 9 J200 - Week VI © J.T.Johnson 1999 _____________________________Fall 1999 Evolution of “newspapers”  See site: http://www.lian.com/TANAKA/comhosei/NPinEB.htm http://www.lian.com/TANAKA/comhosei/NPinEB.htm  59 BC - ancient Rome -Acta Diurna

10 Take notes 10 J200 - Week VI © J.T.Johnson 1999 _____________________________Fall 1999 TheLondonGazette- FireofLondon

11 Take notes 11 J200 - Week VI © J.T.Johnson 1999 _____________________________Fall 1999 LondonIntelligencer

12 Take notes 12 J200 - Week VI © J.T.Johnson 1999 _____________________________Fall 1999 The Ladies Mercury

13 Take notes 13 J200 - Week VI © J.T.Johnson 1999 _____________________________Fall 1999 StamfordMercury1722

14 Take notes 14 J200 - Week VI © J.T.Johnson 1999 _____________________________Fall 1999 The Colored News

15 Take notes 15 J200 - Week VI © J.T.Johnson 1999 _____________________________Fall 1999 Eras of American press  Colonial Press (up through 1776)  Revolutionary Press (1765-1788)  Political Press (1788-1833)  Penny Press (1833-1883)  Personal Editors (1840-1890)  Yellow Journalism (1890-1917)  Jazz Journalism (1914-1933)  Age of Consolidation (1929-today)  Electronic Journalism (1960-today) Source: adapted from Emery and Emery, The Press and America)

16 Take notes 16 J200 - Week VI © J.T.Johnson 1999 _____________________________Fall 1999 Eras of newspaper development in America: Colonial press  Grew out of the coffeehouses and taverns of the colonies, which were the leading "media" channels.  Mercantile reports of prices, ship sailings and arrivals (impt. information to the seaboard colonies)  The Colonial Press established the newspapers as a gossip machine, a tradition still intact.  Remember, "gossip" doesn't mean the facts are not true.

17 Take notes 17 J200 - Week VI © J.T.Johnson 1999 _____________________________Fall 1999 Eras of newspaper development in America: Colonial press (1690-1765)  “Publishers" were printers and often undereducated.  Gradually, "editors" evolved out of printers and specialization took effect. By 1746, three decades before the Revolution, a more educated and ideological person was in charge.

18 Take notes 18 J200 - Week VI © J.T.Johnson 1999 _____________________________Fall 1999 Eras of newspaper development in America: Revolutionary Press (1765-1783)  Established the role of advocacy and reflected political stirrings of a restless country.  Thomas Paine's "Crisis Papers":  Paine was a radical activist in England (twice dismissed from the "excise office" [tax collector] and lead a movement for higher salaries (1772).  Came to the colonies in 1774, carrying a letter of introduction to Benj. Franklin.

19 Take notes 19 J200 - Week VI © J.T.Johnson 1999 _____________________________Fall 1999 Revolutionary Press: Thomas Paine  "These are the times that try men's souls. The summer soldier and the sunshine patriot will, in this crisis, shrink from the service of his country; but he that stands it now deserves the love and thanks of man and woman. Tyranny, like Hell, is not easily conquered; yet we have this consolation with us, the harder the conflict, the more glorious the triumph." ---- Thomas Paine, 1776

20 Take notes 20 J200 - Week VI © J.T.Johnson 1999 _____________________________Fall 1999 Revolutionary Press  Alexander Hamilton's "Federalist Papers"  85 political essays written 1787-88 (mostly by Hamilton, some by James Madison and John Jay);

21 Take notes 21 J200 - Week VI © J.T.Johnson 1999 _____________________________Fall 1999 MassCentinelApril 24 1790.

22 Take notes 22 J200 - Week VI © J.T.Johnson 1999 _____________________________Fall 1999 GeoWashingtonElec

23 Take notes 23 J200 - Week VI © J.T.Johnson 1999 _____________________________Fall 1999 Newspaper Eras: “Kept” Press (1783-1833)  $$ support from political parties and factions  Jacksonian period

24 Take notes 24 J200 - Week VI © J.T.Johnson 1999 _____________________________Fall 1999 Historic Advances in Newspaper Press Technology

25 Take notes 25 J200 - Week VI © J.T.Johnson 1999 _____________________________Fall 1999 Handpress

26 Take notes 26 J200 - Week VI © J.T.Johnson 1999 _____________________________Fall 1999 Moveable flatbed press

27 Take notes 27 J200 - Week VI © J.T.Johnson 1999 _____________________________Fall 1999 Handset type: Composing Room

28 Take notes 28 J200 - Week VI © J.T.Johnson 1999 _____________________________Fall 1999 Calif. Job Case

29 Take notes 29 J200 - Week VI © J.T.Johnson 1999 _____________________________Fall 1999 California Job Case

30 Take notes 30 J200 - Week VI © J.T.Johnson 1999 _____________________________Fall 1999 Handset type Source: http://www.wmwoods.edu/Academics_at_WWU/UndergraduateStudies/Letters_and_Sciences/Clarence_Printing/typesetting.htm

31 Take notes 31 J200 - Week VI © J.T.Johnson 1999 _____________________________Fall 1999 Handset type

32 Take notes 32 J200 - Week VI © J.T.Johnson 1999 _____________________________Fall 1999 Horizontal Cylinder Press- 1846

33 Take notes 33 J200 - Week VI © J.T.Johnson 1999 _____________________________Fall 1999 Rotary Press

34 Take notes 34 J200 - Week VI © J.T.Johnson 1999 _____________________________Fall 1999 Newspaper Eras: “Penny” Press (1833-1861)  1833:Benjamin Day  Low cost, sensational news  Why was the Penny Press possible?  Primarily, literacy. But….  Improved paper-making and printing technology  New literate class

35 Take notes 35 J200 - Week VI © J.T.Johnson 1999 _____________________________Fall 1999 Atlanta Constitution

36 Take notes 36 J200 - Week VI © J.T.Johnson 1999 _____________________________Fall 1999 Newspaper Eras: “Personal Editors” (mid-19 th Cent.)  James G. Bennett, New York Herald (1835)  Horace Greeley, New York Tribune (1841)  Henry J. Raymond, The New York Times (1851)  They established:  Crusading as a circulation-building device  Adversary relationship with government  Advertising promotions  Foreign correspondents  Specialized coverage: sports, campaigns, finance

37 Take notes 37 J200 - Week VI © J.T.Johnson 1999 _____________________________Fall 1999 Newspaper Eras: “Yellow Journalism” (1870-1900)  William Randolph Hearst  Joseph Pulitzer  E. W. Scripps

38 Take notes 38 J200 - Week VI © J.T.Johnson 1999 _____________________________Fall 1999 NYWorld1884

39 Take notes 39 J200 - Week VI © J.T.Johnson 1999 _____________________________Fall 1999 Newspaper Eras: “The Muckrakers” (1890-1910)  Lincoln Steffens (city corruption)  Ida Tarbell (Standard Oil)  Samuel Hopkins (patent-medicine investigations)

40 Take notes 40 J200 - Week VI © J.T.Johnson 1999 _____________________________Fall 1999 NYPress

41 Take notes 41 J200 - Week VI © J.T.Johnson 1999 _____________________________Fall 1999 Turn-of-the-century newspapering  Chicago Daily News - http://memory.loc.gov/ammem/ndlpcoop/ichihtml/cdnho me.html http://memory.loc.gov/ammem/ndlpcoop/ichihtml/cdnho me.html

42 Take notes 42 J200 - Week VI © J.T.Johnson 1999 _____________________________Fall 1999 Newspaper Eras: “Jazz Journalism” (1915-1930s)  Tabloid format  Extensive photos  Sensationalism

43 Take notes 43 J200 - Week VI © J.T.Johnson 1999 _____________________________Fall 1999 “Jazz Journalism”  Leopold and Lobe case "Richard Lobe, a brilliant college student and master of the English language, today ended a sentence with a proposition.“ -- Ed Lahey Chicago Daily News - 1936

44 Take notes 44 J200 - Week VI © J.T.Johnson 1999 _____________________________Fall 1999 A chilly looking blonde with frosty eyes and one of those marble, you-bet-you-will chins, and an inert, scare-drunk fellow that you couldn't miss among any hundred men as a dead set-up for a blonde, or the shell game, or maybe a gold brick. --Damon Runyon New York American-1927 “Jazz Journalism”

45 Take notes 45 J200 - Week VI © J.T.Johnson 1999 _____________________________Fall 1999 Jazz Journalism: “Composograph” (1925)

46 Take notes 46 J200 - Week VI © J.T.Johnson 1999 _____________________________Fall 1999 SundayPictorial

47 Take notes 47 J200 - Week VI © J.T.Johnson 1999 _____________________________Fall 1999 NYWorld1884

48 Take notes 48 J200 - Week VI © J.T.Johnson 1999 _____________________________Fall 1999 SFChron Phones to SF

49 Take notes 49 J200 - Week VI © J.T.Johnson 1999 _____________________________Fall 1999 JFKElection

50 Take notes 50 J200 - Week VI © J.T.Johnson 1999 _____________________________Fall 1999 LBJElection

51 Take notes 51 J200 - Week VI © J.T.Johnson 1999 _____________________________Fall 1999 NixonElection

52 Take notes 52 J200 - Week VI © J.T.Johnson 1999 _____________________________Fall 1999 SFChronEarthquake

53 Take notes 53 J200 - Week VI © J.T.Johnson 1999 _____________________________Fall 1999 Newspaper Eras: “Age of Maturity” (post-war to mid-’90s)  “Balanced” coverage  Photojournalism  Precision journalism  Graphic design  Four-colors  Informational graphics  Re-packaging the news (books, electronic databases)

54 Take notes 54 J200 - Week VI © J.T.Johnson 1999 _____________________________Fall 1999 Newspaper Technonogies

55 Take notes 55 J200 - Week VI © J.T.Johnson 1999 _____________________________Fall 1999 Newspaper Eras: Digital News (1995- present)  Originally, BBS systems  “Shovelware”  Customization  Changing relationships between readers, media, advertisers  Threats to ad revenues, esp. classified  Changing definitions and role of “community”

56 Take notes 56 J200 - Week VI © J.T.Johnson 1999 _____________________________Fall 1999 TheTimesofLondonWeb101299

57 Take notes 57 J200 - Week VI © J.T.Johnson 1999 _____________________________Fall 1999 Financial Times101299

58 Take notes 58 J200 - Week VI © J.T.Johnson 1999 _____________________________Fall 1999 % of Daily Newspaper Advertising Revenue by Category

59 Take notes 59 J200 - Week VI © J.T.Johnson 1999 _____________________________Fall 1999 Expenses as % of Newspaper Operating Budgets

60 Take notes 60 J200 - Week VI © J.T.Johnson 1999 _____________________________Fall 1999 Newspaper Revenue Sources

61 Take notes 61 J200 - Week VI © J.T.Johnson 1999 _____________________________Fall 1999 Avg. Churn Rates by Circulation

62 Take notes 62 J200 - Week VI © J.T.Johnson 1999 _____________________________Fall 1999 No. of U.S. Morning & Evening Dailies

63 Take notes 63 J200 - Week VI © J.T.Johnson 1999 _____________________________Fall 1999 Current Newspaper Circulation & Data  www.adage.com Data Center http://www.adage.com/page.cms?pageId=954 www.adage.com http://www.adage.com/page.cms?pageId=954  NAA data http://www.naa.org/artpage.cfm?AID=1613&SID=154 http://www.naa.org/artpage.cfm?AID=1613&SID=154  NAA 2002 Facts about newspapers http://www.naa.org/info/facts02/index.html http://www.naa.org/info/facts02/index.html  Daily newspaper circulation 1950-2001 http://www.naa.org/info/facts02/15_facts2002.html http://www.naa.org/info/facts02/15_facts2002.html  US Newspaper employment http://www.naa.org/info/facts02/31_facts2002.html http://www.naa.org/info/facts02/31_facts2002.html

64 Take notes 64 J200 - Week VI © J.T.Johnson 1999 _____________________________Fall 1999 Newspaper Circ. Chart

65 Take notes 65 J200 - Week VI © J.T.Johnson 1999 _____________________________Fall 1999 Newspaper Readership

66 Take notes 66 J200 - Week VI © J.T.Johnson 1999 _____________________________Fall 1999 Making money with font change


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