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1© 2007 Aastra Technologies, LTD. Your Connection to the World. Aastra Telecom & Verizon Maintenance and Troubleshooting Steven Grinsztein Manager, Sales.

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Presentation on theme: "1© 2007 Aastra Technologies, LTD. Your Connection to the World. Aastra Telecom & Verizon Maintenance and Troubleshooting Steven Grinsztein Manager, Sales."— Presentation transcript:

1 1© 2007 Aastra Technologies, LTD. Your Connection to the World. Aastra Telecom & Verizon Maintenance and Troubleshooting Steven Grinsztein Manager, Sales Engineering

2 © 2007 Aastra Technologies, LTD.2 Outline and Agenda »Aastra IP Telephones Maintenance –Configuration Files & Firmware Updates –Factory Defaulting a phone »How do I setup… –Features  Date/Time  NTP Server  SIP Local Dial Plan  Codecs  57iCT Handset Pairing  SCA  Call Park/Call Park Retrieve  Global Line Configuration vs Per Line Settings  Customized Codec »Troubleshooting –Capturing Syslogs –Support Issues  No Service message on my display  How to check if your Phone is Registered Properly  Transmit /Sidetone Gains and Adjustments  Web Recovery / Application missing  Admin Password Recovery  Audio Issue Troubleshooting  SIP Messaging Specific Troubleshooting (Network Trace)  Why won’t my MWI LED Light?  Troubleshooting Page – Support Information on WEB UI

3 3© 2007 Aastra Technologies, LTD. Maintenance »Configuration Files & Firmware Updates

4 © 2007 Aastra Technologies, LTD.4 Configuration File and Firmware Updates »Configuration File and Firmware Updates –The IP phones can use either a TFTP, FTP, HTTP, or HTTPS server to download the configuration files and firmware. Only one protocol may be used at a time. –There are 3 ways you can download the configuration files and firmware: 1.Manual updates of firmware and/or configuration files 2. Automatic updates of firmware and/or configuration files at a specific time in a 24-hour period (via the Aastra Web UI or configuration files) 3.Manual firmware ONLY updates using the Aastra Web UI (TFTP only)

5 © 2007 Aastra Technologies, LTD.5 Configuration Files »Configuration Files –The configuration files used by the phones consist of 2 files. The asstra.cfg and the.cfg. Both are standard text files. aastra.cfg: Holds the configuration information common to all the Aastra IP phones on the network. E.g. SIP Proxy, Registrar, Outbound Proxy, XML server IP, time servers. May also create a set of standard softkeys/programmable keys for features such as voic such as voic , DND, etc..cfg: (where is equal to the MAC address of the telephone). Contains any specific configuration for that particular phone. If the same parameter is listed in the.cfg as in the aastra.cfg file, the.cfg value overrides it.

6 © 2007 Aastra Technologies, LTD.6 Configuration Files “Rules” - Important »Configuration File Precedence –Aastra IP phones can accept two sources of configuration data: 1.aastra.cfg/.cfg from a Configuration server 2.Phone User Interface (UI) or Web UI changes – Configuration changes hierarchy:  Web UI or Phone UI – first priority (override all others)  Configuration files – second level priority  Factory default options – third level priority –Hierarchy changes will override lower priority levels  For example: –Configuration file sets a button to be Call Forwarding –Change is made using Web UI to change CF to DND –DND can not be changed by the config file method; WebUI is higher priority

7 © 2007 Aastra Technologies, LTD.7 Firmware Files »Firmware Files –The following tables provide the firmware filename for each Aastra IP phone 5Xi IP Phone Model Associated Firmware 51i51i.st 53i53i.st 55i55i.st 57i57i.st 57i CT57iCT.st

8 © 2007 Aastra Technologies, LTD.8 Download Protocol Setting Choices »The IP phone must be configured for a specific type of download protocol to use. TFTP is enabled by default. You can configure the following on the IP phone: »These values can be setup using the WEB UI, Phone UI, or configuration files –TFTP Server: (Trivial File Transfer Protocol) IP address or qualified domain name of the TFTP server. You can select a primary or alternate TFTP server and then assign an IP address or qualified domain name to your selection. Set this option if TFTP is the download protocol selected. –FTP Server: (File Transfer Protocol) IP address or network host name of the FTP server. If required, you can also assign a user name and password for access to the FTP server. Set this option if FTP is the download protocol selected. If you enter a network host name, DNS must also be set. –HTTP Server: (Hypertext Transfer Protocol) IP address of the HTTP server. You can also assign an HTTP path to the HTTP server. Set this option if HTTP is the download protocol selected. –HTTPS Server: (Hypertext Transfer Protocol over Secure Socket Layer) IP address of the HTTPS server. You can also assign an HTTPS path to the HTTPS server. Set this option if HTTPS is the download protocol selected.

9 © 2007 Aastra Technologies, LTD.9 Download Protocol Setup using Configuration Files »Setting the configuration server download protocol to be used; –TFTP, FTP, HTTP, or HTTPS

10 © 2007 Aastra Technologies, LTD.10 TFTP Server setup using Configuration Files »Configuration Server Settings; –TFTP Server

11 © 2007 Aastra Technologies, LTD.11 Alternate TFTP Server setup using Configuration Files »Configuration Server Settings; –Alternate TFTP Server, Use Alternate TFTP

12 © 2007 Aastra Technologies, LTD.12 FTP Server setup using Configuration Files »Configuration Server Settings; –FTP Server

13 © 2007 Aastra Technologies, LTD.13 FTP Server setup using Configuration Files »Configuration Server Settings; –FTP User Name, FTP Password

14 © 2007 Aastra Technologies, LTD.14 HTTP Server setup using Configuration Files »Configuration Server Settings; –HTTP Server, HTTP Path

15 © 2007 Aastra Technologies, LTD.15 HTTPS Server setup using Configuration Files »Configuration Server Settings; –HTTPS Server, HTTPS Path

16 © 2007 Aastra Technologies, LTD.16 Download Protocol setup using WEB UI »Setting the Configuration Server Protocol to be used “TFTP, FTP, HTTP, or HTTPS” »Choose “Configuration Server” from the main menu –Pick the “Download Protocol” you want to use from the drop down list –Save

17 © 2007 Aastra Technologies, LTD.17 TFTP Server setup using WEB UI »Configuration Server Settings; »Choose “Configuration Server” from the main menu –Choose “TFTP from the “Download Protocol” menu –Enter the “TFTP Server” IP address –Save

18 © 2007 Aastra Technologies, LTD.18 Alternate TFTP Server setup using WEB UI »Configuration Server Settings; »Choose “Configuration Server” from the main menu –Choose “TFTP from the “Download Protocol” menu –Enter the “Alternate TFTP Server” IP address –Check the “Use Alternate TFTP” server box –Save

19 © 2007 Aastra Technologies, LTD.19 FTP Server setup using WEB UI »Configuration Server Settings; »Choose “Configuration Server” from the main menu –Choose “FTP from the “Download Protocol” menu –Enter the “FTP Server” IP address or DNS name –Enter the “FTP Username” (optional) –Enter the “FTP Password” (optional) –Save

20 © 2007 Aastra Technologies, LTD.20 HTTP Server setup using WEB UI »Configuration Server Settings; »Choose “Configuration Server” from the main menu –Choose “HTTP from the “Download Protocol” menu –Enter the “HTTP Server” IP address or DNS name –Enter the “HTTP Path” if not in the root directory –Save

21 © 2007 Aastra Technologies, LTD.21 HTTPS Server setup using WEB UI »Configuration Server Settings; »Choose “Configuration Server” from the main menu –Choose “HTTPS from the “Download Protocol” menu –Enter the “HTTPS Server” IP address or DNS name –Enter the “HTTPS Path” if not in the root directory –Save

22 © 2007 Aastra Technologies, LTD.22 Manual Updates »1. Manual Updates when using configuration files »Restarting the phone forces the phone to check for new configuration and/or firmware files stored on the configuration server. –There are 2 methods to reset the phone  Phone UI  WEB UI

23 © 2007 Aastra Technologies, LTD.23 Resetting a phone – Phone UI »Phone UI –Press the “Options” button on the phone and scroll down to “6. Restart Phone” –When you see the message “Are you sure you wish to restart the phone?” choose “Restart”

24 © 2007 Aastra Technologies, LTD.24 Resetting a phone – WEB UI »WEB UI –From the “Operations” menu choose “Reset” –Choose “Restart” from the “Restart Phone” –Choose “OK” from the “Are you sure you wish to restart the phone?” pop up window

25 © 2007 Aastra Technologies, LTD.25 Automatic Updates »2. Automatic Updates (auto-resync) –The auto-resync feature on the IP phones allows an administrator to enable the phone to be updated automatically once a day at a specific time in a 24-hour period if the files on the server have changed. –Works with TFTP, FTP, and HTTP servers. –Setup is done using the Aastra Web UI or Configuration files –The administrator sets the following parameters;  Mode  Time

26 © 2007 Aastra Technologies, LTD.26 Automatic Updates »Automatic Updates (auto-resync) –Notes: 1. If a user is accessing the Aastra Web UI, they are not informed of an auto- reboot. 2. Any changes made using the Aastra Web UI or the IP phone UI are not overwritten by an auto-resync update. Auto-resync affects the configuration files only. However, the settings in the Aastra Web UI take precedence over the IP phone UI and the configuration files. 3. If the IP phone is in use (not idle) at the time of the resync check, the reboot occurs when the phone becomes idle. 4. The resync time is based on the local time of the IP phone. 5. Auto-Resync adds up to 15 minutes random time to the configured time. For example, if the auto resync time parameter is set to 02:00, the event takes place any time between 02:00 and 02:15. This prevents several phones from accessing the server at the exact same time.

27 © 2007 Aastra Technologies, LTD.27 Automatic Updates – WEB UI »Mode –The Mode parameter determines the type of update that the IP phone performs:  None  Configuration file only  Firmware file only  Both »Time (24 hour) –The Time (24 hour) parameter sets the time when the IP phone will be automatically updated.  Valid values are 00:00 to 23:30 (in 30 minute increments).

28 © 2007 Aastra Technologies, LTD.28 Automatic Updates – Configuration Files »Automatic Updates (auto-resync) –When using configuration files, the following parameters must be set;  auto-resync mode  auto-resync time

29 © 2007 Aastra Technologies, LTD.29 Automatic Updates – Configuration Files »auto-resync mode –Description: Enables and disables the phone to be updated automatically once a day at a specific time in a 24-hour period. –Parameter  auto-resync mode –Range  0 (none)  1 (configuration files only)  2 (firmware only)  3 (configuration files and firmware) »Example: auto resync mode: 3

30 © 2007 Aastra Technologies, LTD.30 Automatic Updates – Configuration Files »auto-resync time –Description: Sets the time of day in a 24-hour period for the IP phone to be automatically updated. –Parameter  auto-resync time –Range  hh = 00 to 23  mm = 00 to 59 »Example: auto resync time: 03:30

31 © 2007 Aastra Technologies, LTD.31 Manual Firmware ONLY Updates - WEB UI »3. Manual Firmware Update (TFTP only) –Enter the TFTP “Server IP” address of where the firmware is located –Enter the “File Name” you want to load i.e. “57i.st” –Press the “Download Firmware” button

32 32© 2007 Aastra Technologies, LTD. Maintenance »Factory Defaulting a phone

33 © 2007 Aastra Technologies, LTD.33 Factory Defaulting a Phone »There are 2 options for factory defaulting a phone. You can set phones to their factory default setting or remove a phone’s local configuration using the Phone UI or the WEB UI. 1. “Restore To Factory Defaults” – Factory default settings are the settings that reside on the phone after it has left the factory. The factory default settings on the phone sets the factory defaults for all of the settings in the aastra.cfg,.cfg, and local configuration. Performing this action results in losing all user-modified settings. 2. “Remove Local Configuration Settings” – You can reset the IP Phone’s local configuration if required. The local configuration is the configuration programmed using the Phone UI or the WEB UI. Performing this action results in losing ALL user-modified settings. Configuration file settings are kept and not touched.

34 © 2007 Aastra Technologies, LTD.34 Restore To Factory Defaults »Phone UI: Options Key

35 © 2007 Aastra Technologies, LTD.35 Restore To Factory Defaults »WEB UI: »Click on Operation->Reset->Current Settings »In the "Restore to Factory Defaults" field, click »This restores all factory defaults, and removes any saved configuration and directory list files.

36 © 2007 Aastra Technologies, LTD.36 Erase Local Configuration »Phone UI: Options Key

37 © 2007 Aastra Technologies, LTD.37 Erase Local Configuration »WEB UI: »Click on Operation->Reset->Current Settings »In the "Remove Local Configuration Settings" field, click »This removes configuration settings made using the Phone and WEB UI.

38 38© 2007 Aastra Technologies, LTD. How do I setup…. »Features

39 © 2007 Aastra Technologies, LTD.39 Date/Time »You can set the time and date, set the time and date format, set the time zone, and set daylight savings time on the IP phones. »The following table identifies which method of configuration applies to each feature.

40 © 2007 Aastra Technologies, LTD.40 Set Time & Date Format – Configuration Files

41 © 2007 Aastra Technologies, LTD.41 Set Time & Date Format – WEB UI »WEB UI –Basic Settings>Preferences>Time and Date Setting

42 © 2007 Aastra Technologies, LTD.42 Set Time Zone – Configuration Files »Complete Time Zone Name table in the IP Admin Guide

43 © 2007 Aastra Technologies, LTD.43 Set Daylight Savings Time (DST) – Configuration Files

44 © 2007 Aastra Technologies, LTD.44 NTP Server »Network Time Protocol (NTP) is a protocol that the IP phone uses to synchronize the phone clock time with a computer (configuration server) in the network. »To use NTP, you must enable it using the Configuration files or the WEB UI. You can specify up to three time servers in your network.

45 © 2007 Aastra Technologies, LTD.45 NTP Server – Configuration Files

46 © 2007 Aastra Technologies, LTD.46 NTP Servers – WEB UI »Advanced Settings>Network>Advanced Network Settings

47 © 2007 Aastra Technologies, LTD.47 SIP Local Dial Plan »A dial plan describes the number and pattern of digits that a user dials to reach a particular telephone number. Access codes, area codes, specialized codes, and combinations of the number of digits dialed are all part of a dial plan. »The IP phones have local dial plan capacity. You configure the SIP Local Dial Plan using the WEB UI or Configuration files. »The IP phone SIP local dial plan available symbols are as follows:

48 © 2007 Aastra Technologies, LTD.48 SIP Local Dial Plan »WEB UI –Basic Settings>Preferences>General –Up to 127 alphanumeric characters

49 © 2007 Aastra Technologies, LTD.49 SIP Local Dial Plan – Configuration Files

50 © 2007 Aastra Technologies, LTD.50 Prefix Dialing »The IP phones support a prefix dialing feature for outgoing calls. »You can manually dial a number or dial a number from a list. The phone automatically maps the pre-configured prepended digit in the configuration, to the outgoing number. When a match is found, the prepended digits are added to the beginning of the dial string and the call is dialed. »You can enable this feature by adding a prepend digit(s) to the end of the Local Dial Plan parameter string in the configuration files or the Aastra Web UI at Basic Settings->Preferences->General. »For example, if you add a prepend map of “[2-9]XXXXXXXXX,91”, the IP phone adds the digits “91” to any 10-digit number beginning with any digit from 2 to 9 that is dialed out. Other examples of prepend mappings are: –1X+#,9 (Prepends 9 to any digit string beginning with “1” and terminated with “#”.) –6XXX,579 (Prepends “579” to any 4-digit string starting with “6”.) –[4-6]XXXXXX,78 (Prepends “78” to any 7-digit string starting with “4”, “5”, or “6”.)

51 © 2007 Aastra Technologies, LTD.51 Codecs »Aastra phones currently accept G.711 ulaw or alaw, and G.729 codecs.

52 © 2007 Aastra Technologies, LTD.52 Basic Codecs – Configuration Files »Enabling “Basic Codecs” will have the phone negotiate G.711u, G,711a and G.729 in that order.

53 © 2007 Aastra Technologies, LTD.53 Basic Codecs – WEB UI »Enabling “Basic Codecs” will have the phone negotiate G.711u, G,711a and G.729 in that order. »WEB UI –Advanced Settings>Global SIP>RTP Settings

54 © 2007 Aastra Technologies, LTD.54 Customized Codecs – Configuration Files »You can setup “Customized Codecs” if you want to change the order. –Make sure you disable “Basic Codecs” »The following example shows G.729 as the first choice and G.711u as the second. »payload=18;ptime=30;silsupp=on,payload=0;ptime=30;silsupp=on

55 © 2007 Aastra Technologies, LTD.55 Customized Codecs – WEB UI »Advanced Settings>Global SIP>RTP Settings – Disable (uncheck) “Basic Codecs” –Then in the “Customized Codec Preference List” put the list in you want to use. The following example shows G.729 as the first choice and G.711u as the second. »payload=18;ptime=30;silsupp=on,payload=0;ptime=30;silsupp=on

56 © 2007 Aastra Technologies, LTD.56 57iCT – Pairing the CT Handset »All handsets must be paired to a 57iCT base phone. This is performed from both the base and the cordless handset. Successful pairing will add the handset name to the handset list on the base and synchronize the handset list from the base to the newly paired handset. A total of 4 handsets can be paired to a single 57i CT base –Note: When performing the handset pairing, it is recommended that the handset be within 3 feet of the 57i CT base phone.

57 © 2007 Aastra Technologies, LTD.57 57iCT – Handset Pairing – Base Phone »On the base phone press the “Options” key and go to “Preferences” and then choose “Handset Pairing” and then choose “Pair” and then press “Select”.

58 © 2007 Aastra Technologies, LTD.58 57iCT – Handset Pairing – CT Phone »On the 57i CT cordless handset press the Menu button –Arrow down and Select “Hset pairing” –Press the “Pair” button –NOTE: It is recommended that the “Pair” buttons be pressed at the same time on the 57iCT base and CT phones.

59 © 2007 Aastra Technologies, LTD.59 Shared Call Appearance (SCA) »Shared Call Appearance The Shared Call Appearance (SCA) feature allows the administrator to add multiple locations to a given line. Any of the locations can be used to originate or receive calls. –When a call comes in to an idle line, all the provisioned locations for that line are alerted. The first location to answer the call is connected to the originator. –A subscriber can originate calls from any of the configured locations. All other locations are unable to originate calls until all calls are released.

60 © 2007 Aastra Technologies, LTD.60 Shared Call Appearance (SCA) »This example shows that Bob and Joe each have two lines and that Bob shares a line with Joe and Joe shares a line with Bob.

61 © 2007 Aastra Technologies, LTD.61 Shared Call Appearance (SCA) »Bob’s Phone Configuration – Configuration file & WEB UI –The following steps are used to configure line 1 for Bob’s phone. This line rings when Bob is called, so it has Bob’s authentication information.

62 © 2007 Aastra Technologies, LTD.62 Shared Call Appearance (SCA) »Bob’s Phone Configuration – Configuration file & WEB UI –The following steps are used to configure line 2 for Bob’s phone. This line rings when Joe is called, so it has Joe’s authentication information

63 © 2007 Aastra Technologies, LTD.63 Shared Call Appearance (SCA) »Joe’s Phone Configuration – Configuration file & WEB UI –The following steps are used to configure line 1 for Joe’s phone. This line rings when Joe is called, so it has Joe’s authentication information.

64 © 2007 Aastra Technologies, LTD.64 Shared Call Appearance (SCA) »Joe’s Phone Configuration – Configuration file & WEB UI –The following steps are used to configure line 2 for Joe’s phone. This line rings when Bob is called, so it has Bob’s authentication information.

65 © 2007 Aastra Technologies, LTD.65 Call Park & Call Park Retrieve »There are 2 methods for configuring Call Park/Call Park Retrieve. With the first method, the phone handles the call park/retrieve feature. With the second method, the phone sends the dialed digits to BroadWorks and BroadWorks handles the feature.

66 © 2007 Aastra Technologies, LTD.66 Call Park & Call Park Retrieve »Method 1: Call Park/Call Park Retrieve Handled by the Phone –To enable the phone to handle the Call Park/Call Park Retrieve feature, configure SPRE (Special Prefix) codes. With this configuration, the “Call Park” key will only be available when you are on call, and the “Call Pickup” (call park retrieve) key will only be available when a call is parked against the phone’s extension.

67 © 2007 Aastra Technologies, LTD.67 Call Park & Call Park Retrieve »Method 2: Call Park/Call Park Retrieve Handled by BroadWorks –To configure the phone to enable BroadWorks to handle the Call Park/Call Park Retrieve feature, configure soft keys as shown in the following table.

68 © 2007 Aastra Technologies, LTD.68 Global SIP Settings vs. Per Line SIP Settings »Global SIP settings for the “Basic SIP Network Settings” fields are values that can applied to all the lines that are available on the phone. This makes it faster and simpler to setup the phone. » Using the per Line configuration for the “Basic SIP Network Settings” will override the Global SIP “Basic SIP Network Settings”.

69 69© 2007 Aastra Technologies, LTD. Troubleshooting »Capturing Syslogs

70 © 2007 Aastra Technologies, LTD.70 Capturing Syslogs »Certain issues require support to have phone logs –Syslog information from the Aastra SIP phones is used for troubleshooting information when investigating issues with the Aastra technical support team. –Syslogs can be captured on all the 5i Series phones. –A 3 rd party freeware called “Kiwi Enterprises Syslog Daemon” for Windows is a tool used to capture this information. The application can be downloaded at download/http://www.kiwisyslog.com/kiwi-syslog-daemon- download/

71 © 2007 Aastra Technologies, LTD.71 Capturing Syslogs - Kiwi Syslog Daemon Tool Installation »Follow these steps to install the program –a) Go to the link and Download the tool to the desired location on a Windows machine.http://www.kiwisyslog.com/kiwi-syslog-daemon-download –b) When installing the tool choose the defaults but make sure you choose “Install Kiwi Syslog Daemon as an application”

72 © 2007 Aastra Technologies, LTD.72 Capturing Syslogs - Phone Configuration WEB UI »5i Series – 51i, 53i, 55i, 57i, 57i CT –Login as “admin”. Click on “Advanced Settings Troubleshooting”. –Set “Log IP” to IP address of the computer where the Kiwi application is loaded –Set “Log Port” to “514” –Set “Debug Level” for all modules to“65535” Default Values “Debug Level” values are all set at “1”

73 © 2007 Aastra Technologies, LTD.73 Syslog Phone Setup – Configuration files »5i Series – 51i, 53i, 55i, 57i, 57i CT »Config file Example: aastra.cfg or MAC.cfg »Setting log module to a value of “0” will turn off the logging for that particular module

74 © 2007 Aastra Technologies, LTD.74 Capturing Syslogs - Run the Kiwi Syslog Daemon Tool »Launch the Kiwi Syslog tool –Recreate the issue or wait for it to happen

75 © 2007 Aastra Technologies, LTD.75 Capturing Syslogs - Run the Kiwi Syslog Daemon Tool »Once there is activity on the phone you should see logs coming in –When the issue has been captured close out the program

76 © 2007 Aastra Technologies, LTD.76 Capturing Syslogs - Search for the Kiwi Syslog Capture File »Find the file on your computer –Search your C: drive on your computer for a file called “syslogcatchall” –This is the file you will to support –Feel free to simply delete the file as you wish. Kiwi will keep remaking the file each time the application is used.

77 77© 2007 Aastra Technologies, LTD. Troubleshooting »Support Issues

78 © 2007 Aastra Technologies, LTD.78 “No Service” Message is on my Display »‘No Service’ on your screen indicates your phone is not registered with the sip server, or does not receive a response from your sip server when attempting to register. It will also say ‘No Service’ if the sip server responds with a bad user error. »Check and make sure the following fields on the phone are set correctly on the phone and in BroadWorks. »If using a Domain Name for the Proxy and Registrar addresses try using the real IP address in the proxy and register server fields instead. If you are currently using a domain name like sip.voipserver.com you can try and ping that address and you will see a reply with it’s real IP address. Using the IP address instead of the domain name can help if you are having DNS problems. »If none of this helps a phone syslog capture or an Ethereal network capture will show us what happens after your phone attempts to register.

79 © 2007 Aastra Technologies, LTD.79 How to check if your Phone is Registered Properly »The easiest test is your phone should be able to receive a call. This is the best way to test you are registered. Making an outbound call is permitted by some sip servers even if you are not registered. »Doing a Wireshark/Ethereal network trace will also show if the phone is Registered properly.

80 © 2007 Aastra Technologies, LTD.80 Transmit /Sidetone Gains and Adjustments »Audio gains and adjustments are capable of being adjusted via CONFIGURATION FILES ONLY. Sidetone is one to turn down if you experience an issue before you even dial or connect. Some users report loud sidetone incorrectly as echo, or otherwise. See if they experience it right when the handset is lifted. Config file statements below; –Each of the following parameters can be adjusted by +/- 10db –headset tx gain: 0 –headset sidetone gain: 0 –handset tx gain: 0 –handset sidetone gain: 0 –handsfree tx gain: 0 »Example 1 - handset tx gain: -5 (decrease the transmitted audio gain by 5 db) »Example 2 - handset sidetone gain: -5 (decrease the local sidetone by 5 db)

81 © 2007 Aastra Technologies, LTD.81 Web Recovery / Application missing »A phone typically goes into web recovery if an upgrade is interrupted. Phones can be forced into web recovery by holding down the “#” and “1” buttons during boot-up. »On the screen it will show the phone’s IP address. Put this IP address in your web browser. If it says , you may need to re-IP address your computer to this subnet to reach the phone’s web interface. Once on the web interface you will recover the phone by reloading the firmware. »Enter the phone’s firmware “Filename” and put in the “TFTP Server” address of where the firmware is loaded and the press the “Download Firmware” button.

82 © 2007 Aastra Technologies, LTD.82 Admin Password Recovery »The admin password can ONLY be changed on the phone using configuration files so if at all possible, reference your old configuration files for the entry. If you cannot use the default “22222” Admin password, try the following steps. –Phones that are running firmware 2.0.X and higher can be recovered by following the Web Recovery steps –If you are still on DHCP you can setup a DHCP server that uses “Option 66” that will supply the IP address of a TFTP server to the phone. This will cause the phone to attempt to download the configuration files from the TFTP server. From there you will just need to make some configuration files that reset the admin password back to “22222”.

83 © 2007 Aastra Technologies, LTD.83 What can I do if my phone does not boot all the way up »Even if your phone does not boot completely up you may be able to reach the WEB UI. Try the following steps. –If you cannot reach the web interface you can force the phone into Web Recovery mode by holding down “#” and “1” keys during boot-up –If your phone will not even boot to the Aastra splash screen logo, suspect possible power issues like a dead PoE switch port, bad PoE injector, or a bad A/C adapter or no power at the outlet, or a bad Ethernet cable. –Contact Aastra technical support –If these items check out fine and the phone still does not come it will need to be replaced

84 © 2007 Aastra Technologies, LTD.84 Audio Issue Troubleshooting »For general audio issues/poor voice quality an Ethereal network trace is the best troubleshooting information you can provide support. With this trace, we can look at both the codec negotiation, and analyze the RTP stream for problems. They will listen to the conversation on the test call. The audio streams can be listened to that are coming in and out of the phone. Since they are one way, this helps determine sources of problems such as echo, static, gains being wrong.

85 © 2007 Aastra Technologies, LTD.85 SIP Messaging Specific Troubleshooting (Network Trace) »Many call control issues, audio quality, and echo issues can easily be investigated with a network capture. If your switch port that the phone plugs into supports “port mirroring” then you will be able to capture the trace from it. If not you will need a real hub, not a switch. hub. You can’t use a router with a built in switch, and not even switches labeled as hubs. Plug your phone and windows computer into the same hub. Uplink the hub to the switch port you were previously using. Also the 2 nd Ethernet port on the phone (if equipped) doesn’t currently support port mirroring and cant be used to plug into and capture a trace. »Install Wireshark freeware application on your computer. Search the internet for it, it is available at many locations. The application was previously name Ethereal. Start the trace and now reproduce the issue you are having, or wait until it occurs and then send this file to support with a description of your issue.

86 © 2007 Aastra Technologies, LTD.86 Why doesn’t my MWI LED Light? »This is most likely a SIP server issue. Aastra IP phones accept a standard “SIP Notify” packet to be made aware to light/unlight your phone’s MWI lamp. The phones do not require a specific configuration for this to work. You simply need to have a voic box exist on your sip server, and your sip server should be aware that you will need these updates if you are registered correctly for your extension. BroadSoft does NOT require the “Explicit MWI subscription” feature to be enabled on the Aastra phone.

87 © 2007 Aastra Technologies, LTD.87 Troubleshooting Page – Support Information on WEB UI »Support Information –In the “Support Information” section, you can:  Get local.cfg  Get server.cfg  Show task and Stack Status

88 © 2007 Aastra Technologies, LTD.88 Troubleshooting Page – Support Information on WEB UI »Support Information –Get local.cfg –The “Get local.cfg” file contains all changes made to the phone via the Phone UI and WEB UI  You can open and view or save the file

89 © 2007 Aastra Technologies, LTD.89 Troubleshooting Page – Support Information on WEB UI »Support Information –Get server.cfg –The “Get server.cfg” file contains the “aastra.cfg” file if present  You can open and view or save the file

90 © 2007 Aastra Technologies, LTD.90 Troubleshooting Page – Support Information on WEB UI »Support Information –Show Task and Stack Info –The “Show Task and Stack Status” screen will show the processes that are running on the phone  If a task “Status” goes into “SUSPEND” You can click on it to get more information  The “MICD” process will always show “SUSPEND” so disregard

91 © 2007 Aastra Technologies, LTD.91 Troubleshooting Page – Support Information on WEB UI »Memory Status

92 © 2007 Aastra Technologies, LTD.92 THANK YOU - QUESTIONS


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