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The 6th century BC: They built the « oppidum de carcaso »,on the commercial route between the Atlantic ocean and the Mediterranean Sea. Gallo-romans era.

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Presentation on theme: "The 6th century BC: They built the « oppidum de carcaso »,on the commercial route between the Atlantic ocean and the Mediterranean Sea. Gallo-romans era."— Presentation transcript:

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2 The 6th century BC: They built the « oppidum de carcaso »,on the commercial route between the Atlantic ocean and the Mediterranean Sea. Gallo-romans era : The Cite became an urbain centre. In the 5th Century, the gallo-romans sheltered themselves from the barbarian attacks. Feudal era: The Visigoths reinforced the wall, the Moors and the Franks. During the 11th and 12th centuries, the dynasty of the Trencavel reinforced it too.

3 Royal era: After the Albigensian Crusade, the city became a royal fortress to defend the border between France and Spain. A second wall is erected. The contemporary era: In the 19th Century, the city is inhabited. Viollet- le-Duc restorated the city in Today, the city has hundred residents and was added to the UNESCO list of World Heritage in 1997.

4 The Cathar knights: In the second half of the 11 th Century, the Church inposed religious moral and rules for the code of Chivalry : the protection of very poor people, orphans and widows. They should be loyal, fidel and brave. They did a lot of banquets, hunting, music during the prosperious era. But, they could wage war too.

5 The arms of knights: The knights of the city (Carcaso) used a lot of different arms : they had the traditionnal two-handed swords, crossbows or bows. They used the axes, the clubs and spears. These arms were sometimes difficult to handle. axe crossbow club sword bow spears

6 How did the knights defend themselves? The knights always had their armor to fight : their armor could weigh up to 50 kg. Every armor was made of iron. Their shield blocked the attacks of their enemies. armor shield Julien and Mohammed

7 The quiz: When was the « oppidum de carcaso » built? 5th century BC: 8th century BC: 6th century BC: Who reinforced the city during 11th to 12th century? the dinasty of the Trencavel the gallo-romans The Visigoths Who restorated the city in 1853? le-Duc-Viollet Viollet-le-Duc Duc-le-Viollet

8 What were the traditional arms of Cathar knights? sword and bow spears and shield axe and club An armor of knight can weigh up to: 20kg 80kg 50kg What a knight should be? selfish, pessimistic and bad loyal, brave and fidel lazy, kind and coward


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