Presentation on theme: "Cracow of over 1000-year-old tradition used to be not only the capital of Poland, but also was and still is the treasury of culture and art. ancient buildings."— Presentation transcript:
Cracow of over 1000-year-old tradition used to be not only the capital of Poland, but also was and still is the treasury of culture and art. ancient buildings and reputable theatres unite there with the newest art and architecture trends. Cracow as a metropolis with 750- thousand population, combines tradition with novelty and the intertwining influences of different cultures and periods make it extremely compelling.
The Main Square in Cracow is the largest city square in Europe. It was built in 13th century, a square with several side streets according to the plan,whichremained unchanged from the original Sukiennice, former medieval trade centre located in a middle part of the square, serves today as a National Museum with the 19th century Polish Art Gallery.
Mariacki Church is likely one of the most characteristic monuments in Cracow and the only building facing diagonally the plate of the Main Square, which can suggests that the church was built earlier, during the Roman period. Inside the church is placed a invaluable gothic altar, the biggest such altar in Europe, curved by Witt Stwosz by the end of the 15th century.
The 70 meters-tall built of stone and brick Town Hall Tower is the only remnant of beautiful Town Hall which was built in the 14th century. This building was reconstructed and remodelled many times according to obligatory style in architecture. This structure was finally pulled down in the 19th century because of the fatal condition of this building. The present Baroque roof dates back to 1780s when tower was heightened for 6.5 m, and previous roof was replaced.
The Royal Castle in Wawel is a symbol of national and cultural identity of Polish people. It has been a royal headquarters for centuries, Kings, eminent politicians, artists, poets and political leaders are buried there.
Part of Wawel, this cathedral, also known as the Archcathedral Church of SS Stanisława and Wacława or the Royal Cathedral is the coronation site and burial place of almost all of Polands monarchs. It was built in the early 11th century by King Boleslaw the Brave after Cracow was made a bishopric. Although there are Romanesque elements, the overall impact is determined by the 14th- century Gothic structure. The relics of St Stanislaw, the patron saint of Cracow and Poland, are kept here. Of the many royal chapels, the Renaissance Chapel of King Zygmunt (Sigismund) stands out. It is possible to climb the tower to see the 11-tonne Zygmunt Bell and enjoy the fine view.