Presentation on theme: "Over the Map of the UK. The British Isles lie off the north- west coast of the continental Europe consist of two large islands – Great Britain, Ireland."— Presentation transcript:
The British Isles lie off the north- west coast of the continental Europe consist of two large islands – Great Britain, Ireland and more than 5,000 smaller island surrended by the North Sea, Atlantic Ocean, the English Channel and the Irish Sea total area is nearly 315,000 square kilometres The British Isles
What Is Its Name? BritainEngland Great Britain The United Kingdom of Great Britain The British Isles The Kingdom of Great Britain The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Island one part of the UK an island = England, Scotland and Wales The union of the kingdoms of England and Scotland in 1707 used to mean the United Kingdom, for example in official government yearbooks between 1975 and 2001, now the United Kingdom is used. geografical term Simple term for
Why so many names? Numerous smaller islands including the Isle of Wight, Anglesey, and the Scilly, Orkney, Shetland, and Hebridean archipelagos The UK Is Made Up Of: Scottish English Welsh Northern Irish English, Scottish, Welsh and Northern Irish are all British citizens
What is the official title? The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland does not include the Isle of Man (which lies between Great Britain and the island of Ireland) and the Channel Islands (which lie off the North coast of France). These are direct dependencies of the British Crown, maintaining their own legislative, monetary and taxation systems. Each have their own parliaments and a Governor, appointed by the Crown.
The British Isles Ireland Republic of Ireland Northern Ireland Great Britain England Scotland Wales The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Nothern Island
Great Britain Capital cities England: London Scotland: Edinburgh Wales: Cardiff
the highest mountains = the Mourne Mountains the highest mountains = the Cumbrian Mountains the most important range of the hills = the Pennines the highest mountains = The Grampian Mountains Mountain ranges
Land Lowland Britain – the south-east Highland Britain – the north-west No place in England is more than 75 miles (120 km) from the sea.
Lakes Northern Ireland - the UK's largest lake, Lough Neagh (396 sq km) England - the Lake District - Windermere Scotland - Loch Lomond and Loch Ness
Rivers The Severn, the longest river, is just 338 km in length, beginning in Wales and entering the Atlantic Ocean near Bristol in England. the Thames (England), which flows through Oxford and London
Atlantic Ocean - the body of water in which the British Isles are located Belfast - the capital of Northern Ireland Cardiff - the capital of Wales Celtic Sea - the sea south of Ireland Dublin - the capital of Ireland England - the largest area in the United Kingdom; it is attached to Scotland and Wales Edinburgh - the capital of Scotland English Channel - the body of water off southern England which separates it from France Hebrides - islands off the northwest coast of Scotland Irish Sea - the body of water that separates England and Ireland Isle of Man - an island in the Irish Sea London - the capital of England (and the capital of the United Kingdom) North Sea - the body of water northeast of the British Isles separating it from northwestern Europe Northern Ireland - a part of the United Kingdom bordering the Republic of Ireland on the northeast Orkney Islands - islands off the northeast coast of Scotland Scotland - a part of the United Kingdom bordering England on the north Shetland Islands - islands far off the northeast coast of Scotland Wales - a part of the United Kingdom bordering England on the southwest Isle of Wight - an island off the southern coast of England Ireland - (the Republic of Ireland) - a country west of England across the Irish Sea (not part of the United Kingdom) Northern Ireland - a part of the United Kingdom bordering the Republic of Ireland on the northeast
Facts Three quarters of the land in Britain is used for farming Newcastle Nine out of ten people live in towns and cities. More than two-thirds of people own their own homes.
The largest country in Great Britain and the UK The capital city is London Famous for many things - David Beckham, Fish and Chips, Big Ben, Red Buses, black cabs, Oasis, Blur, the Beatles, London and tea Cross of St George
Country Facts. Main religions Church of England, Catholic, Methodist, Muslim, Jewish, Sikh and Hindu Currency Pound Sterling (£) Highest point Motto Scafell Pike 978 m (3210 ft) Dieu et mon droit (God and my right) Longest river Thames (346 km) Largest Lake Windermere (14.7 sq km) Tallest Building Canada Square, Canary Wharf (London), 245 metres (800 feet) high Official Animal Lion National Day 23 April
The Symbols of England St. George A brave Roman soldier who protested against the Romans' torture of Christians and died for his beliefs The rose The flower has been adopted as England’s emblem since the time of the Wars of the Roses - civil wars (1455-1485) between the royal house of Lancaster (whose emblem was a red rose) and the royal house of York (whose emblem was a white rose).
Technically, Wales is a principality. This means that it is ruled by a prince. Traditionally the Prince of Wales is the eldest son of the English monarch. Wales The National Assembly of Wales has limited domestic powers and cannot make law. Wales does not issue its own currency and is not in control of any armed forces. These are the powers of the national government of the UK.
Country Facts Currency Pound Sterling (£) Largest Lake Official Language National Day Main religions Highest point Longest river SnowdonBala Towy (Tywi) Anglicanism, Methodism English and Welsh Welsh and British Nationality 1 March
Interesting facts rugby the national game actors Richard Burton, and today Sir Anthony Hopkins and Catherine Zeta Jones three Presidents of the United States Thomas Jefferson, Abraham Lincoln and Richard Nixon the famous traveler and explorer Sir George Everest - the highest peak in the world is named after him. Writers, poets and musicians Dylan Thomas, Jackie Collins, Tom Jones
The symbols St. David - was a Celtic monk, abbot and bishop, who lived in the sixth century. He spread the word of Christianity across Wales. The national flower of Wales is the daffodil, which is traditionally worn on St. David’s Day. The vegetable called leek is also considered to be a traditional emblem of Wales.
Scotland Its capital city is Edinburgh - the first city in the world which had its own fire- brigade. Like Rome, it was built on seven hills. Until 1603, Scotland had its own King. Scotland has some 790 islands - 130 inhabited In July 1, 1999, the Scottish Parliament was opened by HM the Queen, the first Scottish Parliament for 300 years. Scottish parliament responsibilities include social work services, health, local government and education
Country Facts Currency Pound Sterling (£) Largest Lake Official Language National Day Main religions Highest point Longest river Ben NevisLoch Lomond Tay Church of Scotland (Presbyterian) Scottish Episcopal Church, Roman Catholicism English (Scottish Gaelic is spoken by 1.4 percent of the population) Scottish and British Nationality 30 November
Interesting facts There are over 600 square miles of fresh water lochs (lakes). One of the most famous is Loch Ness where a mysterious monster is said to lurk in the depths of the water. clans, kilts medieval castles poetry and songs of Robert Burns Edinburgh for its famous theatres festival Walter Scott, Robert Louis Stevenson, Arthur Conan Doyle, David Hume and the actor Sean Connery Annie Lennox, Wet Wet Wet, Travis and Simple Minds
The symbols St. Andrew - was one of the Twelve Apostles (disciples of Jesus) and brother of Simon Peter (Saint Peter). The national flower of Scotland is the thistle, a prickly-leaved purple flower which was first used in the 15th century as a symbol of defence. The Scottish Bluebell is also seen as the flower of Scotland
Northern Ireland is composed of 26 districts. Together they are commonly called Ulster. The capital is Belfast The land is slightly mountainous and has few natural resources. The majority of the population is Protestant, and nearly 40% is Catholic. The New Northern Ireland Assembly has limited devolved powers from the British Parliament, and often has been suspended since its establishment in 1999.
Country Facts Currency Pound Sterling (£) Largest Lake Official Language National Day Main religions Highest point Longest river Slieve DonardLoch Lomond River Bann Protestant and Catholic English, Irish and Ulster Scots British and Irish Nationality 17 March
Interesting facts C S Lewis 1898-1963 Writer Kenneth Branagh 1960- Actor and film director James Nesbitt 1965- Actor William Burke 1792-1829 Grave robber and murderer George Best 1946-2005 Footballer James Galway 1939- Musician The Giant's Causeway, situated on the North East coast of Northern Ireland, is an area of about 40,000 interlocking basalt columns, the result of an ancient volcanic eruption. HMS Titanic ship was built in Belfast, the capital of Northern Ireland.
The symbols St. Patrick's Cross When he was about 16, he was captured from Wales by Irish raiders and taken as a slave to Ireland, where he lived for six years before escaping and returning to his family. After entering the Church, he returned to Ireland as an ordained bishop in the north and west of the island, but little is known about the places where he worked. By the seventh century, he had come to be revered as the patron saint of Ireland. The national flower of Northern Ireland is the shamrock, a three-leaved plant similar to clover. An Irish tale tells of how Patrick used the three-leafed shamrock to explain the Trinity. He used it in his sermons to represent how the Father, the Son, and the Holy Spirit could all exist as separate elements of the same entity.