2 The British Isles The British Isles total area is nearly 315,000 square kilometresThe British IslesThe British Islessurrended by the North Sea, Atlantic Ocean, the English Channel and the Irish Sealie off the north- west coast of the continental Europeconsist of two large islands – Great Britain, Ireland and more than 5,000 smaller island
3 What Is Its Name? Britain England one part of the UK used to mean the United Kingdom, for example in official government yearbooks between 1975 and 2001, now the United Kingdom is used.Great Britainan island = England, Scotland and WalesThe British IslesThe United Kingdom of Great BritainThe Kingdom of Great Britaingeografical termSimple term forThe union of the kingdoms of England and Scotland in 1707The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Island
4 Why so many names?English, Scottish, Welsh and Northern Irish are all British citizensScottishNorthern IrishThe UK Is Made Up Of:EnglishNumerous smaller islands including the Isle of Wight, Anglesey, and the Scilly, Orkney, Shetland, and Hebridean archipelagosWelsh
5 What is the official title? The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Irelanddoes not include the Isle of Man (which lies between Great Britain and the island of Ireland) and the Channel Islands (which lie off the North coast of France). These are direct dependencies of the British Crown, maintaining their own legislative, monetary and taxation systems. Each have their own parliaments and a Governor, appointed by the Crown.
6 The British Isles Ireland Great Britain Republic of Ireland Northern IrelandEnglandScotlandWalesThe United Kingdom of Great Britain and Nothern Island
7 Great Britain Capital cities England: London Scotland: Edinburgh Wales: Cardiff
8 the highest mountains = The Grampian Mountains Mountain ranges the most important range of the hills = the Penninesthe highest mountains = the Mourne Mountainsthe highest mountains = the Cumbrian Mountains
9 Land Lowland Britain – the south-east Highland Britain – the north-westNo place in England is more than 75 miles (120 km) from the sea.
11 Lakes Scotland - Loch Lomond and Loch Ness Northern Ireland - the UK's largest lake, Lough Neagh (396 sq km)England - the Lake District - Windermere
12 Rivers the Thames (England), which flows through Oxford and London The Severn, the longest river, is just 338 km in length, beginning in Wales and entering the Atlantic Ocean near Bristol in England.
13 Cardiff - the capital of Wales Atlantic Ocean - the body of water in which the British Isles are locatedEnglish Channel - the body of water off southern England which separates it from FranceDublin - the capital of IrelandBelfast - the capital of Northern IrelandOrkney Islands - islands off the northeast coast of ScotlandLondon - the capital of England (and the capital of the United Kingdom)Celtic Sea - the sea south of IrelandShetland Islands - islands far off the northeast coast of ScotlandWales - a part of the United Kingdom bordering England on the southwestIsle of Man - an island in the Irish SeaNorthern Ireland - a part of the United Kingdom bordering the Republic of Ireland on the northeastCardiff - the capital of WalesNorth Sea - the body of water northeast of the British Isles separating it from northwestern EuropeEngland - the largest area in the United Kingdom; it is attached to Scotland and WalesScotland - a part of the United Kingdom bordering England on the northIsle of Wight - an island off the southern coast of EnglandEdinburgh - the capital of ScotlandIreland - (the Republic of Ireland) - a country west of England across the Irish Sea (not part of the United Kingdom)Hebrides - islands off the northwest coast of ScotlandNorthern Ireland - a part of the United Kingdom bordering the Republic of Ireland on the northeastIrish Sea - the body of water that separates England and Ireland
16 Facts Nine out of ten people live in towns and cities. NewcastleThree quarters of the land in Britain is used for farmingMore than two-thirds of people own their own homes.
17 The largest country in Great Britain and the UK Cross of St GeorgeThe largest country in Great Britain and the UKThe capital city is LondonFamous for many things - David Beckham, Fish and Chips, Big Ben, Red Buses, black cabs, Oasis, Blur, the Beatles, London and tea
18 Country Facts Main religions Currency Pound Sterling (£) Church of England, Catholic, Methodist, Muslim, Jewish, Sikh and HinduMottoDieu et mon droit (God and my right).Largest LakeHighest pointWindermere (14.7 sq km)Scafell Pike 978 m (3210 ft)Official AnimalLongest riverLionThames (346 km)National DayCanada Square, Canary Wharf (London), 245 metres (800 feet) high23 AprilTallest Building
19 The Symbols of England St. George A brave Roman soldier who protested against the Romans' torture of Christians and died for his beliefsThe roseThe flower has been adopted as England’s emblem since the time of the Wars of the Roses - civil wars ( ) between the royal house of Lancaster (whose emblem was a red rose) and the royal house of York (whose emblem was a white rose).
20 Technically, Wales is a principality Technically, Wales is a principality. This means that it is ruled by a prince. Traditionally the Prince of Wales is the eldest son of the English monarch.WalesThe National Assembly of Wales has limited domestic powers and cannot make law. Wales does not issue its own currency and is not in control of any armed forces. These are the powers of the national government of the UK.
21 Country Facts Currency Official Language Main religions Pound Sterling (£)English and WelshAnglicanism, MethodismHighest pointLargest LakeLongest riverBalaSnowdonTowy (Tywi)National DayNationality1 MarchWelsh and British
22 Interesting facts actors rugby Richard Burton, and today Sir Anthony Hopkins and Catherine Zeta Jonesthe national gamethree Presidents of the United StatesThomas Jefferson, Abraham Lincoln and Richard Nixonthe famous traveler and explorerWriters, poets and musiciansSir George Everest - the highest peak in the world is named after him.Dylan Thomas, Jackie Collins, Tom Jones
23 The symbolsSt. David - was a Celtic monk, abbot and bishop, who lived in the sixth century. He spread the word of Christianity across Wales.The national flower of Wales is the daffodil, which is traditionally worn on St. David’s Day. The vegetable called leek is also considered to be a traditional emblem of Wales.
25 Scotland Scotland has some 790 islands - 130 inhabited Its capital city is Edinburgh - the first city in the world which had its own fire-brigade. Like Rome, it was built on seven hills.Until 1603, Scotland had its own King.In July 1, 1999, the Scottish Parliament was opened by HM the Queen, the first Scottish Parliament for 300 years. Scottish parliament responsibilities include social work services, health, local government and education
26 Country Facts Official Language Currency English (Scottish Gaelic is spoken by 1.4 percent of the population)Pound Sterling (£)Main religionsChurch of Scotland (Presbyterian) Scottish Episcopal Church, Roman CatholicismHighest pointLargest LakeLongest riverLoch LomondBen NevisTayNational DayNationality30 NovemberScottish and British
27 Interesting factsThere are over 600 square miles of fresh water lochs (lakes). One of the most famous is Loch Ness where a mysterious monster is said to lurk in the depths of the water.medieval castlespoetry and songs of Robert Burnsclans, kiltsWalter Scott, Robert Louis Stevenson, Arthur Conan Doyle, David Hume and the actor Sean ConneryAnnie Lennox, Wet Wet Wet, Travis and Simple MindsEdinburgh for its famous theatres festival
28 The symbolsSt. Andrew - was one of the Twelve Apostles (disciples of Jesus) and brother of Simon Peter (Saint Peter).The national flower of Scotland is the thistle, a prickly-leaved purple flower which was first used in the 15th century as a symbol of defence. The Scottish Bluebell is also seen as the flower of Scotland
30 Northern Ireland The capital is Belfast is composed of 26 districts. Together they are commonly called Ulster.The land is slightly mountainous and has few natural resources.The New Northern Ireland Assembly has limited devolved powers from the British Parliament, and often has been suspended since its establishment in 1999.The majority of the population is Protestant, and nearly 40% is Catholic.
31 Country Facts Official Language Currency English, Irish and Ulster ScotsPound Sterling (£)Main religionsProtestant and CatholicHighest pointLargest LakeLongest riverLoch LomondSlieve DonardRiver BannNational DayNationality17 MarchBritish and Irish
32 Interesting facts C S Lewis 1898-1963 Writer Kenneth Branagh Actor and film directorJames Nesbitt ActorWilliam Burke Grave robber and murdererGeorge Best FootballerJames Galway MusicianThe Giant's Causeway, situated on the North East coast of Northern Ireland, is an area of about 40,000 interlocking basalt columns, the result of an ancient volcanic eruption.HMS Titanic ship was built in Belfast, the capital of Northern Ireland.
33 The symbols St. Patrick's Cross When he was about 16, he was captured from Wales by Irish raiders and taken as a slave to Ireland, where he lived for six years before escaping and returning to his family. After entering the Church, he returned to Ireland as an ordained bishop in the north and west of the island, but little is known about the places where he worked. By the seventh century, he had come to be revered as the patron saint of Ireland.The national flower of Northern Ireland is the shamrock, a three-leaved plant similar to clover. An Irish tale tells of how Patrick used the three-leafed shamrock to explain the Trinity. He used it in his sermons to represent how the Father, the Son, and the Holy Spirit could all exist as separate elements of the same entity.