Presentation on theme: "Chapter 17 section 5 The War Ends Pg.505 Setting the Scene."— Presentation transcript:
1Chapter 17section 5The War EndsPg.505Setting the Scene
2The War Ends Pg.505 Setting the Scene Chapter 17section 5Pg.505Setting the SceneIn 1864, Lincoln appointed General Ulysses S. Grant as the top general or commander-in-chief of the Union (US) army. He chose grant because Grant seemed to find a solution for every problem the troops encountered. Grant had a “never-say-die” attitude.
3The War Ends Pg.505 Setting the Scene Chapter 17section 5The War EndsPg.505Setting the SceneGrant was good at finding solutions to problems the army faced. He strung telegraph wires behind the troops as he advanced farther and farther into the South to communicate with the other generals, Washington D.C., and supply lines in the North.
6The Fall of VicksburgChapter 17section 5Vicksburg, Mississippi was located high up on a cliff overlooking the Mississippi River. It was a great defensive position. At first, the Union could do nothing to capture Vicksburg from the west.
7Chapter 17section 5The Fall of VicksburgSince there’s a solution to every problem for General Grant, he moved south and marched inland to capture Jackson, Mississippi so that he could attack Vicksburg from behind.
13Union Victory at Gettysburg Chapter 17section 5After Confederate victories at Fredericksburg and Chancellorsville, General Lee again hoped to score a Confederate victory in the North, this time at Gettysburg, Pennsylvania. If it was successful, he might be able to head south and capture Washington D.C.
15Union Victory at Gettysburg Chapter 17section 5Union Victory at GettysburgOn day 1 of the battle, the Confederates pushed the Union army out of the town of Gettysburg and back to high ground called Cemetery Ridge.Gettysburg
17Union Victory at Gettysburg Chapter 17section 5Union Victory at GettysburgOn day 2 of the battle, the Confederates attacked both sides of the Union lines on Cemetery Ridge, but the Union was able to hold on and keep the high ground.
20Union Victory at Gettysburg Chapter 17section 5Union Victory at GettysburgOn day 3 of the battle, the Confederates tried to attack the center of the Union line on Cemetery Ridge with a 15,000 man army, hoping to split the Union army in two. This was known as Pickett’s Charge. The Confederates were unsuccessful and lost many soldiers. General Lee blamed himself for the failure.PICKETT’S CHARGE
23Union Victory at Gettysburg Chapter 17section 5Union Victory at GettysburgThe victories at Vicksburg and Gettysburg were turning points in the war. After these Confederate loses, the South was weakened and could only try to defend their territory. They lost so many soldiers that they were not strong enough to attack the North again.
25The Gettysburg Address Chapter 17section 5The Gettysburg AddressFour score and seven years ago our fathers brought forth on this continent, a new nation, conceived in Liberty, and dedicated to the proposition that all men are created equal. Now we are engaged in a great civil war, testing whether that nation, or any nation so conceived and so dedicated, can long endure. We are met on a great battle-field of that war. We have come to dedicate a portion of that field, as a final resting place for those who here gave their lives that that nation might live. It is altogether fitting and proper that we should do this. But in a larger sense, we can not dedicate, we can not hallow this ground. The brave men living and dead, who struggled here, have consecrated it, far above our poor power to add or detract. The world will little note, nor long remember what we say here, but it can never forget what they did here. It is for us the living, rather, to be dedicated here to the unfinished work which they who fought here have thus far so nobly advanced. It is rather for us to be here dedicated to the great task remaining before us -- that from these honored dead we take increased devotion to that cause for which they gave the last full measure of their devotion -- that we here highly resolve that these dead shall not have died in vain -- that this nation, under God, shall have a new birth of freedom -- and that government of the people, by the people, and for the people, shall not perish from the earth.
28Grant’s Plan for TOTAL WAR! Chapter 17section 5Grant’s Plan for TOTAL WAR!I can’t spare this man.He fights.As we read in the introduction, because of hisgreat success in the West, Lincoln appointedGeneral Grant as commander of the wholeUnion army in 1864.Ulysses S. Grant
29Grant’s Plan for TOTAL WAR! Chapter 17section 5Grant’s Plan for TOTAL WAR!TOTAL WAR!Grant’s plan for TOTAL WAR was a plan to end the South’s ability to fight. To do this, he ordered the Union Generals to destroy crops, equipment, houses, government buildings, railroads, and anything they find that might be useful to the enemy as they capture new land in the South.Ulysses S. Grant
30Grant’s Plan for TOTAL WAR! Chapter 17section 5Grant’s Plan for TOTAL WAR!TOTAL WAR!General William Tecumseh ShermanGeneral Philip Sheridan
32Sheridan in the Shenandoah General Philip Sheridan Chapter 17section 5TOTAL WAR!“Leave nothing to invite the enemy to return. Destroy whatever cannot be consumed. Let the valley be left so that crows flying over it will have to carry their rations [food] with them.”General U.S. GrantYes sir!General Philip Sheridan
33Sheridan in the Shenandoah General Philip Sheridan Chapter 17section 5Sheridan in the ShenandoahTOTAL WAR!General Philip SheridanGeneral Sheridan did exactly as Grant told him to in a series of battles in the Shenandoah Valley including:- The Battle of Front Royal / Guard Hill - The Battle of Berryhill- The Battle of Summit Point - The Battle of Winchester- The Battle of Smithfield Crossing - The Battle of Fisher’s Hill- The Battle of Martinsburg - The Battle of Tom’s Brook- The Battle of Cedar Creek
36Sherman’s March to the Sea General William Tecumseh Sherman Chapter 17section 5TOTAL WAR!General William Tecumseh ShermanGeneral Sherman did exactly as Grant told him to as he marched through Augusta, Georgia, Atlanta, Georgia and down to Savannah, Georgia on the coast of the Atlantic Ocean. Sherman and his troops destroyed everything in their path.
37VS. Election of 1864 Chapter 17 section 5 George C. McClellan Democrat- end the war immediately- make peace with the South- allow the South to keep slaveryAbraham LincolnRepublican- win the war, put the Union backtogether- end slavery in the South
40Lincoln’s Second Inaugural Address Lincoln is ReelectedChapter 17section 5Lincoln’s Second Inaugural Address
41Chapter 17section 5The Civil War EndsThe Battle of the Wilderness
42The Battle of Spotsylvania Chapter 17section 5The Civil War EndsThe Battle of Spotsylvania
43The Battle of Cold Harbor Chapter 17section 5The Civil War EndsThe Battle of Cold Harbor
44The Civil War EndsChapter 17section 5Siege of Petersburg
45The Civil War EndsChapter 17section 5The Fall of Richmond, Virginia
46Appomattox Courthouse, Virginia The Surrender atAppomattox Courthouse, VirginiaChapter 17section 5
47Appomattox Courthouse, Virginia Chapter 17section 5The Surrender atAppomattox Courthouse, Virginia
48Appomattox Courthouse, Virginia Chapter 17section 5The Surrender atAppomattox Courthouse, Virginia
49Appomattox Courthouse, Virginia The Surrender atAppomattox Courthouse, VirginiaChapter 17section 5“The war is over. The rebelsare our countrymen again.”The terms of surrender:- Confederate soldiers have to turn over their rifles, but officers can keep their pistols.- Soldiers who had horses could keep them.- Confederate soldiers will be allowed to return to his home without being disturbed by the army.