Presentation on theme: "Prepare to Read (p. 36) About Beowulf The Stuff of Legends"— Presentation transcript:
1 Prepare to Read (p. 36)About BeowulfThe Stuff of LegendsForging the EpicA Guide to Life
2 Grammar Focus - Appositives & Appositive Phrases page 62appositive:appositive phrase:ExampleIn his far-off home Beowulf, Higlac's / Follower and the strongest of the Geats
3 Important Terms and Devices 1. epic poem: __________________________________________________________________________________2. epic (legendary) hero: _________________________________________________________________________3. alliteration: __________________________________________________________________________________4. kenning: ____________________________________________________________________________________5. comitatus: ___________________________________________________________________________________Other Important Vocabulary for Comprehension1. scop – composers and storytellers of Anglo-Saxon poetry2. moored – secure a ship3. gables – decorative triangular-shaped roofing structures4. wergild – a fine paid to the relatives of a murdered person to free the offender from further obligations or punishment.5. linden – soft light wood6. mead – an alcoholic drink of fermented honey and water7. vexed – irritated, annoyed8. gorges – eats greedily9. sentinel – a person or thing that stands watch10. talons – claws11. sinews – tendons12. hoary – gray or white with age13. pyre – a bonfire for burning a dead body14. hoard – a hidden or carefully guarded supply or accumulation of valuables15. scabbard – a sheath for a sword16. runic – consisting or set down in an ancient alphabet used for writing Germanic script, especially in Germanic languages, most often of Scandinavia and Britain from about the third to thirteenth centuries
4 It is a familiar scene: A brave hero battles his BeowulfIt is a familiar scene: A brave hero battles hisarchenemy, an evildoer who will stop at nothing to win. The theme of hero and villain goes back more than twelve hundred years, to a time when Anglo-Saxon storytellers sang of the battles of Beowulf, the legendary warrior.Literary Analysisepiclegendary hero *Keep a list of examples and textual evidence that provesBeowulf is an epic hero.
5 Journal PromptsJournal / Do Now Question Prompts – to be assigned and discussed1. What is a hero? Explain your definition and give examples.2. What is courage? How would most people today define courage?3. What qualities do you believe a good leader should possess? Discuss leadership in our society. Name some modern leaders.What are the characteristics of contemporary leaders? What do we admire about them?4. What does it mean to be loyal? Tell about a time you were loyal or someone was loyal to you.5. Why is a reputation important? What factors influence a person’s reputation?6. Why is generosity important? What does it mean to be generous? Write about or discuss the most generous person you know.
6 when quoting multiple lines from a poem or play . Remember: When reading Beowulf and other poetry, do not stop at the end of each line; this results in choppy lines and will inhibit your comprehension of the text. Read to the punctuation mark, and respond appropriately.Example - The text as it appears:Then, when darkness had dropped, GrendelWent up to Herot, wondering what the warriorsWould do in that hall when their drinking was done.He found them sprawled in sleep, suspectingNothing, their dreams undisturbed. The monster’sThoughts were as quick as his greed or his claws;He slipped through the door and there in the silence …The text as it should be read:Then, when darkness had dropped, Grendel / Went up to Herot, wondering what the warriors / Would do in that hall when their drinking was done.He found them sprawled in sleep, suspecting / Nothing, their dreams undisturbed.The monster’s / Thoughts were as quick as his greed or his claws; / He slipped through the door and there in the silence …A slash (/) is used to indicate line breakswhen quoting multiple lines from a poem or play .
8 The Wrath of Grendel The Wrath of Grendel The Wrath of Grendel1. What does the story of Grendel’s origins suggest about the beliefs of Anglo-Saxon culture?2. What does Grendel resent about Hrothgar and his men?3. Paraphrase – What are the main ideas in the sentences in lines 34-40?4. Literary Analysis – Terrorized by Grendel, Hrothgar and his followers face “Twelve winters of grief.” How does the length of their suffering increase the epic feeling of this tale?
9 The Coming of Beowulf1. Why do the Danes flee Herot at night?2. An epic hero embodies the values and the ideals of the culture that produces him. On the basis of Beowulf’s description (lines ), what qualities do you think were valued by Anglo-Saxons?3. Paraphrase lines4. Literary Analysis – How do word choice and other stylistic features of the watchman’s speech add a serious, epic tone to his question (lines )?5. Literary Analysis – What does Beowulf’s way of identifying himself suggest about the values of a warrior culture (lines )?6. Literary Analysis – How do Beowulf’s boasts of great deeds and his announcement of his plan establish him as a hero?
10 The Battle with Grendel 1. Line 317: Use context clues to define bolted.2. Literary Analysis – How do the “renaming” of Grendel in line 325 emphasize the weighty significance of the battle that is about to begin?3. Consider Grendel’s recognition that he is feuding with God (p. 48). How might this change his perspective?The Monsters’ Lair1. How does Beowulf’s battle with Grendel end?
11 The Battle with Grendel’s Mother 1. Who is Edgetho’s brave son?2. Who is Hrunting?3. Paraphrase the sentence describing the combat in lines4. Lines underscore the pagan-Christian blend in this poem. The Christian God is said to give Beowulf _______________, and yet the sword Beowulf finds on the wall was “_________________” with the _____________ of giants.5. How does Beowulf dishonor the corpse of Grendel for his evil deeds against Hrothgar and his men?
12 The Last Battle1. Literary Analysis – What does Beowulf’s speech in lines suggest to you about Anglo-Saxon values?2. Literary Analysis – What do lines reveal about the values of warrior culture?3. Literary Analysis – According to Wiglaf, what is Beowulf’s relationship with his followers like (lines )? Why, as it says in line 744, is this speech what these men deserve?4. Literary Analysis – What does Wiglaf’s decision suggest about the way in which a legendary hero can inspire heroism in others?
13 The Spoils1. Literary Analysis – In Beowulf’s death scene, what is shown about the importance in warrior culture of the commemoration of individuals after death?The Farewell1. What is Beowulf’s last request?
14 OPEN-ENDED QUESTION / RACE RESPONSE Thinking About the Selection#4 What does Beowulf's speech in lines show about how he defines his identify? Although Beowulf is brave and Grendel is spiteful, both might be said to act out of pride. Explain.OPEN-ENDED QUESTION / RACE RESPONSEBeowulf is an epic tale influenced by both pagan and Christian traditions.·Identify an example from the epic in which the memory of Beowulf's deeds inspires someone.·Do you think Beowulf's deeds make him a good role model?.Use details from the text to support your response.