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10/29/14 Freshman Composition. What to Expect Today Pass out Graded Definition Essays and Grading Sheets Go over common errors (issues) Practice Fixing.

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Presentation on theme: "10/29/14 Freshman Composition. What to Expect Today Pass out Graded Definition Essays and Grading Sheets Go over common errors (issues) Practice Fixing."— Presentation transcript:

1 10/29/14 Freshman Composition

2 What to Expect Today Pass out Graded Definition Essays and Grading Sheets Go over common errors (issues) Practice Fixing Common Errors Relative clauses MLA citation exercise Review, discuss, and analyze “The Green Eyed Monster” and “Pride” and complete Response Reading Essays Practice brainstorming using Grant versus Lee essay by Bruce Canton Peer Review Comparison and Contrast Essays

3 What to Expect For The Remainder of Course DateAssignments November 5Final Comparison/Contrast Essay Quiz – 75 Readings November 12Rough Draft Argument Essay with Peer Review Quiz – 75 Readings November 19 No Class electronic copy of Final Draft of Argument Essay to Instructor by November 19 – no exceptions Late 10% per day late November 26 No Class Work on Outline of Presentation of Argument Readings as assigned December 3Draft of Script and Visuals for Presentation of Argument Final Quiz – 75 Readings December 10Final Exam- Presentations with Visuals Based on Argument Essay

4 Lessons Learned: Definition Essays

5 Your Definitions of Courage What is courage? Well, courage, to me, is an outstanding act of bravery that goes above and beyond the normal standards of bravery. Courage is overcoming hardship. Courage is the act of overcoming fear when you are scared. To have courage I feel you have to succeed in battle and work through pain the best you can. Courage is winning, power, determination and, of course, fearlessness. Courage is more than a word; it is a value.

6 Your Definitions of Courage Courage is standing up for what you believe in even when the majority of society disagrees with your position. Courage is the drive within you to continue in spite of difficulty. Courage is the ability and willingness to confront fear, pain, danger and uncertainty. Courage is the willingness to confront fear, danger or uncertainty. When I think of courage I think of soldiers, fearless, read to defeat, out oon the battlefield fighting for you and me. These soldiers have to display courage and bravery in every battle. Courage is strength that people have when they try some of the things that most people are afraid to do.

7 People You Identified as Exhibiting Courage Buddha Jesus Nelson Mandela Ghandi Martin Luther King Jr. Helen Keller Winston Churchill Maya Angelou Rosa Parks Steve Jobs Jay-Z Muhammad Ali Sylvester Stallone Erma Bombeck Eva Mendez (helped victims of sexual abuse in Sierra Leone) Lieutenant Kirchtoff (member of the USSR’s Armed Forces)

8 Good Openings Life is a constant fight with ourselves and our surroundings. How far we want to go in life depends on how hard we fight for it. Since the moment we are born, there will be years ahead to struggle with fears: the fear to dare to express love, fear of being alone, the fear to find the unknown. How we deal with fears and how strong we are will lead us to find the real meaning of courage. Imagine one day you had to face the biggest competition in your life. What it takes to face that situation is courage. Most of the people who leave a mark and make history in this world have a certain amount of courage. From famous leaders to artists; all show some type of bravery that is respected and valued, Without courage you could never know who the best of you is.

9 Good Openings (cont) Courage is an interesting word. Those who have courage are willing to accept change, endure personal sacrifice, and even accept criticism to accomplish a goal. You might want to do something like write a novel. The thing that changes the wanting to do it to actually doing it is courage. Have you ever had to face a terrible fear? Or had to deal with pain or grief? Whenever this occurs, one has to reach deep inside them to find this thing called courage. What is courage? Are you born with it or do you gain it with age?No one really knows how we come to get our courage. But, personally, I think that you gain courage through overcoming obstacles in life. The more obstacles we overcome, the more we gain courage. Have you ever felt afraid of trying something new and then it turned out to be a great experience to have and you were happy you tried it? To me, it has happened multiple times, and those times were some of the best times of my life. This trait is called courage.

10 Good Transitions Through history, public figures and philosophers have dared to share their own interpretations of courage from life experiences. For example, Plato used a few words to describe what he believed courage was. He said “courage is steadfastness in battle.” Galileo Galilei transformed the way we view science by challenging the church and its widely accepted viewpoint. There is hardly any famous writer who has not spoken about courage.

11 Good Use of Citations According to Dictionary.com, courage is defined as “the quality of mind or spirit that enables a person to face difficulty, danger, or pain.” I personally define courage as overcoming your fears.

12 Discussion of What is Not Courage People often confuse courage with mediocre acts of common decency. If there is a bug in a room and a girl gets afraid and a guy comes along and kills it for her, more often than not she will thank him for his bravery and courage. This is false. He was not brave at all; in fact, he wasn’t even afraid. He squished a bug for a person and that was all.

13 Common Error 1: Citing Quote without Giving Sufficient Background on an Individual

14 Common Error 1: Example “Courageous people do not fear forgiving, for the sake of peace.” (Mandela) That’s one definition of what courage is. Another person named Maya Angelou said that courage is the most important of all virtues,.

15 Common Error 1: Fixes Nelson Mandela is known throughout the world as a very courageous person. He endured the injustice of apartheid in South Africa. He was ridiculed and harassed, even jailed, but he kept true to his message. He is known as the Father of Democracy for South Africa. Nelson Mandela felt that forgiveness was an important part of being courageous. Mandela proclaimed, “courageous people do not fear forgiving, for the sake of peace.”

16 Common Error 1: Fixes Maya Angelou’s life is an example of courage. The way she faced and overcame hardship in her life demonstrates true courage. As an African American, Angelou experienced firsthand racial prejudices and discrimination in Arkansas. She also suffered at the hands of a family member when she was sexually assaulted at the age of 7. In spite of poverty, prejudice, and abuse, Angelou became a nationally recognized author, poet, and civil rights activist. Angelou said that courage is “the most important of all virtues, because without it we can’t practice any other virtue with consistency.”

17 Common Error 2: Mixing Up Who, Which, That

18 Common Error 2: Relative Clauses Example: There is hardly any famous writer that has not spoken about courage.

19 Common Error – That, Which, Who, Whose

20 Relative Clauses use 'who' for people Use ‘which’ for things use 'that' for people or things

21 Relative Clauses She worked for a man who used to be an athlete We broke the computer that belonged to my father

22 Relative Clauses We can use relative clauses to join two English sentences, or to give more information about something. I bought a new car. It is very fast. → I bought a new car that is very fast. She lives in New York. She likes living in New York. → She lives in New York, which she likes.

23 Relative Clauses

24 Let’s Practice Relative Clauses

25 Common Error 3: Not Leading into or Analyzing Citations

26 Common Error 3: Example Others define courage differently. “Courage is what it takes to stand up and speak; courage is also what it takes to sit down and listen.” (Churchill) “Courage is the most important of all virtues because without courage, you can’t practice any other virtue consistently.” (Angelou)

27 Common Error 3: Fixes Others define courage differently. According to Winston “Courage is what it takes to stand up and speak; courage is also what it takes to sit down and listen.” Maya Angelou, poet and civil war activist,, proclaimed that “Courage is the most important of all virtues because without courage, you can’t practice any other virtue consistently.” Angelou exhibited courage in overcoming hardships in her life, including racism, sexual abuse, and poverty.

28 Common Error 4 - Citations

29 Common Error 4 – In-Text Citations Online Quotation Sources Rule: Use the originator’s name in the signal phrase. Include the Web site title in parentheses. EXAMPLE: As the English author, Joseph Addison, said, “Three grand essentials to happiness in this life are something to do, something to love, and something to hope for” (Creative Quotations).

30 Common Error 4 – In-Text Citations Online Dictionary Rule: Use the name of the dictionary as a signal phrase and the definition in quotes. EXAMPLE: The Merriam Webster Dictionary states that courage is “the ability to do something you know is difficult or dangerous.”

31 Examples of Errors from Your Definition Essays Let’s Fix These!

32 Let’s Fix This The merriam Webster dictionary states that courage is the ability to do something you know is difficult or dangerous.

33 Let’s Fix This The merriam Webster dictionary states that courage is the ability to do something you know is difficult or dangerous. The Merriam Webster Dictionary states that courage is “the ability to do something you know is difficult or dangerous.”

34 Let’s Fix This In Harry Potter and the Sorcerer’s Stone, J.K. Rowling writes “It takes a great deal of bravery to stand up to our enemies, but just as much to stand up to our friends.”

35 Let’s Fix This In Harry Potter and the Sorcerer’s Stone, J.K. Rowling writes “It takes a great deal of bravery to stand up to our enemies, but just as much to stand up to our friends.” In Harry Potter and the Sorcerer’s Stone, J.K. Rowling writes “It takes a great deal of bravery to stand up to our enemies, but just as much to stand up to our friends ” (163). If citing from book

36 Let’s Fix This In Harry Potter and the Sorcerer’s Stone, J.K. Rowling writes “It takes a great deal of bravery to stand up to our enemies, but just as much to stand up to our friends.” In Harry Potter and the Sorcerer’s Stone, J.K. Rowling writes “It takes a great deal of bravery to stand up to our enemies, but just as much to stand up to our friends ” (NotableQuotes). If quote came from a quotation site.

37 Let’s Fix This “Courage is the first of human qualities because it is the quality which guarantees the others” Winston Churchill. Based off this quote from BrainyQuote I feel Winston was trying to state that courage will always be in the body of the humans.

38 Let’s Fix This “Courage is the first of human qualities because it is the quality which guarantees the others” Winston Churchill. Based off this quote I feel Winston was trying to state that courage will always be in the body of the humans. According to Winston Churchill, “courage is the first of human qualities because it is the quality which guarantees the others” (BrainyQuote). This quote indicates courage resides within all human beings.

39 Let’s Fix It “You will never do anything in this world without courage. It is the greatest quality of the mind next to honor.” Words spoken by the famous Aristotle himself and I found these very words off of brainy quote.

40 Let’s Fix It “You will never do anything in this world without courage. It is the greatest quality of the mind next to honor.” Words spoken by the famous Aristotle himself and I found these very words off of brainy quote. Greek philosopher Aristotle proclaimed “you will never do anything in this world without courage. It is the greatest quality of the mind next to honor” (BrainyQuote).

41 Let’s Review and Practice Pass out Handout and Work with a Partner on MLA Citation Exercises Based on “Courage” Sources

42 Complete Response Reading Activity The Green-Eyed Monster: Envy Pride - Dagoberto Gilb

43 Analyze Definition Essay Readings

44 The Green-Eyed Monster: Envy This essay attempts to define envy by distinguishing it from jealousy quotes dictionaries, philosophers, and writers provides examples of types of envy and stimuli of envy

45 The Green-Eyed Monster: Envy 7 Deadly Sins Why is Envy The Worst Sin?

46 The Green-Eyed Monster: Envy Why is Envy The Worst Sin? Envy is the only one that involves a direct wish to harm or take something from another person

47 Jealous vs. Envy JealousyEnvy one yearns for general things (i.e., wealth or youth) Envy is personal because it focuses on self-gain and because it targets specific people who have what the envious person wants for himself or wishes the other person didn‘t have Jealousy is not always pejorative; one can after all be jealous of one‘s dignity, civil rights, honor. ‖ (Paragraph 6) A malicious desire to hurt others by taking what they have or resenting them for having their good fortune

48 “Green with Envy”

49 Green is traditionally a color associated with illness, dating back to the Greeks. But it wasn’t until Shakespeare that the notion of being “Green With Envy” really started to take shape. In Anthony and Cleopatra, “Lepidus, since Pompey’s feast, as Menas says, is troubled with the green sickness.” [The green sickness, being envy] In Merchant of Venice, “How all the other passions fleet to air, As doubtful thoughts, and rash-embraced despair, And shuddering fear, and green-eyed jealousy!”

50 ENVY OR JEALOUSY?

51 Othello, Act 3, Scene 3 ENVY OR JEALOUSY? Who steals my purse steals trash Oh, beware, my lord, of jealousy.

52 ENVY OR JEALOUSY?

53 Pride - Dagoberto Gilb Gilb defines the concept of pride positively by describing various members of the community in El Paso, Texas. In showing the attitude of different generations toward work, family, and civic duty, he not only defines what it is to take pride in one‘s community and role in it but also reveals something about the people of El Paso, who are primarily of Mexican heritage.

54 Set in El Paso, Texas

55 Pride - Dagoberto Gilb author‘s intention is to portray Mexican Americans as people who take pride in their strong work and family ethic and long-standing service to the country

56 Examples of Pride working hard at a job scoring high on a video game wearing pretty clothes graduating high school one‘s children‘s accomplishments the land, one‘s culture and history and heritage, the sacrifices of one‘s ancestors, contribution to one‘s nation through military service

57 Pride - Dagoberto Gilb

58 Metaphors ―Pride is working a job like it‘s as important as art or war…. ―Pride is the fearless reaction to disrespect and disregard. ‖

59 Personification ―Pride hears gritty dirt blowing against an agave whose stiff fertile stalk, so tall, will not bend ―Pride smells a sweet, musky drizzle of rain and eats huevos con chile in corn tortillas heated on a cast-iron pan – the love of heritage. ‖

60 Pass out “Grant Versus Lee” and Brainstorming Process a Try In pairs, select Reader to read Grant versus Lee Recorder will complete the brainstorming chart: Similarities and Differences

61 Thesis of The Author They were two strong men these oddly different generals, and they represented the strengths of two conflicting currents that, through them, had come into final collision.

62 How Were Lee and Grant Alike? Similarities Both were two distinguished generals Both had passion for what they were fighting for Both were fearless and fought without reservation Both could inspire their soldiers to fight Both fought in the Mexican War Both went to West Point

63 How Were Lee and Grant Different? LeeGrant Aristocracy – old fashioned idea grew up with and stood for a noble way of life. He believed in tradition, and ersonified that with English knights and country squires. He believed in hierarchy and inequity Democracy – hope and future of the nation believed that status was not just bestowed upon a person, they had to earn it. Grant was not just handed things early in his life. He relied on no one, and cared not for the traditions of the past. He stood for a more democratic and competitive lifestyle Supported inequality in social structure believed that only wealthy landowners could be leaders because they had a stake in their community. Supported equality believed any man could become a leader, provided he had the ability, skills, and was able to assume the position satisfied with the status quo, feared changedissatisfied with the status quo, believed in democracy and competition was an aristocrat from a family of landowners was a middle-class man from humble beginnings in the mountains

64 Peer Review of Comparison/Contrast Essays

65 Homework 75 Readings Plus and Study Guide Barbara Dafoe “Where Have All the Parents Gone” Phillip Meyer “If Hitler Asked You to Electrocute a Stranger Would You? Probably”


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