3OverviewStudents will explore the distinction between a hero and an idol. Based on collaboratively established criteria for heroism and characteristics of heroes, students will select, read about, and report on a real life hero. Students will research biographical information and identify how their hero matches the criteria and characteristics of a hero.
5Webster's dictionary:Hero —a person of distinguished courage or ability, admired for his or her brave deeds and noble qualities.Idol —a celebrity, someone well-known or famousany person or thing regarded with blind admiration, adoration, or devotiona representation or symbol of an object of worship
6Think and Share1. What is heroism? 2. What qualities or characteristics do heroes have?
8Some Quotes about Heroism Everyone is necessarily the hero of his own life story.Barth, John
9“In our world of big names, curiously, our true heroes tend to be anonymous. In this life of illusion and quasi-illusion, the person of solid virtues who can be admired for something more substantial than his well-knownness often proves to be the unsung hero: the teacher, the nurse, the mother, the honest cop, the hard worker at lonely, underpaid, unglamorous, unpublicized jobs.”Boorstin, Daniel J.
10“The hero is one who kindles a great light in the world, who sets up blazing torches in the dark streets of life for men to see by.”Felix Adler
11“It doesn't take a hero to order men into battle “It doesn't take a hero to order men into battle. It takes a hero to be one of those men who goes into battle.”Norman Schwarzkopf
12A hero is an ordinary individual who finds the strength to persevere and endure in spite of overwhelming obstacles.” Christopher Reeve
13Poems When Ur Hero Falls when ur hero falls from grace all fairy tales r uncovered myths exposed and pain magnified the greatest pain discovered u taught me 2 be strong but im confused 2 c u so weak u said never 2 give up and it hurts 2 c u welcome defeat
14when ur hero falls so do the stars and so does the perception of tomorrow without my hero there is only me alone 2 deal with my sorrow your heart ceases 2 work and your soul is not happy at all what r u expected 2 do when ur only hero fallsWritten by Tupac Shakur
15A HeroA hero thinks of others before they think of themselves A hero will die to protect A hero can be of any age, any color A hero can be man, woman or child A hero is courageous, loving and brave A hero will never complain
16A hero can be made in one act of compassion Or years of tender loving care Some hero's are remembered, whilst many are left forgotten Hero's are angels in disguise, saving precious innocent lives(Dedicated to the memory of Pvt. Steven Freund & All fallen men of Iraq) Nicola Burkett
17Go to Heroism In Action: Introduction Read aloud the site description on the page. Discuss what the author says about heroism. Listen to the opening video clip. What characteristics named here match ones we’ve identified? Does this video presents new ones that should be added?Go to Heroism In Action: IntroductionRead aloud the site description on the page. Discuss what the author says about heroism. Listen to the opening video clip. What characteristics named here match ones we’ve identified? Does this video presents new ones that should be added?
20You will be selecting a particular hero to read and report about. Possible resources:Heroism in ActionMy HeroMy Hero: Heroes in the NewsTIME: Heroes and Icons.You will be selecting a particular hero to read and report about.Possible resources:Heroism in ActionMy HeroMy Hero: Heroes in the NewsTIME: Heroes and Icons.
21Mythical HeroesThe concept of an archetype of the standard hero and the hero's quest (monomyth) is common across all cultures. Expounded on by Joseph Campbell, it is evident that despite vastly different peoples and beliefs there are remarkably similar ideas of what a hero represents as illustrated by the hero cycle.
22Quest Myth-Heroic Cycle Hero is Confronted by Enemy(ies)Hero Crosses the Threshold of DangerQuestMyth-HeroicCycleCall to AdventureHero Receives Supernatural AssistanceHome/BirthHero has Series of AdventuresHero Returns HomeHero Crosses Threshold of SafetyHero Conquers Evil (with the aid of the supernatural)
23Joseph Campbell’s 12 Steps of a Hero Heroes played a crucial role in Joseph Campbell’s studies of mythology. Heroes were important to Campbell because, to him, they conveyed universal truths about one's life and role in society. The monomyth (often referred to as the hero's journey) is a description of a basic pattern found in many myths from around the world. This universal pattern was described by Joseph Campbell in his book The Hero with a Thousand Faces (1949). He identified 12 steps common in hero stories.
24Step 1. The Ordinary World In the first stage of the story, the hero leaves a familiar place to journey to a new world. Heroes are sometimes born in strange circumstances. In some cases the birth may involve magical spells and beings. In others the birth simply entails miracles or mystery of a more mortal version. It is common to have clues or predictions of the great things to come during the hero's childhood.
25Step 2: The Call to Adventure While all heroes are "born" into the role of hero, it is not until they receive a sign or a call to fulfill their destinies that the Myth Cycle truly begins.
26Step 3: Refusal of The Call to Adventure When call is given, the future hero may refuse to heed it. This may be from a sense of duty or obligation, fear, insecurity, or a sense of inadequacy.
27Step 4: Mentor/Supernatural Aid Often, once the hero has committed to the quest, consciously or unconsciously, his or her guide or magical helper appears, or becomes known.
28Step 5: The Crossing of the First Threshold This is the point where the person leaves the known limits of his or her world and ventures into an unknown and dangerous realm where the rules and limits are not known.
29Step 6: Tests, Allies, & Enemies All heroes must face (and conquer) obstacles which stand in their way to fulfillment of their quest and serve to test the hero's loyalty and abilities. They can arrive in the form of physical challenges, emotional or spiritual temptations, or mental tests. From classic tales of adventure to contemporary adventure films, heroes must face an enemy or enemies.
30Step 7: Approach to the Innermost Cave The hero approaches a fearful place which is often underground and may represent a cave. This often occurs in the enemies’ territory.
31Step 8: The Supreme Ordeal The hero has to face his biggest challenge and confrontation. He is often brought to the brink of death in battle.
32Step 9: The RewardSomething keeps heroes going in spite of all the obstacles they face. Every true hero's journey involves an ultimate quest or the ultimate pay-off. Sometimes it's even treasure or gold, but usually it's something a bit more intangible, if the hero is to be revered as a hero. It can be physical, emotional, or spiritual.
33Step 10: The Road BackThe hero must make the journey home. Many times the enemy will chase him or other obstacles are present.
34Step 11: ResurrectionSometimes the hero has to be “reborn” before he can enter back into the ordinary world and his home. This may occur as a second facing of death.
35Step 12: Return with the Elixir Once the hero fulfills the quest he has set out to accomplish, he must return to the Ordinary or Real World. Unless something is brought back, the hero has to repeat the challenge. The elixir may be a magic potion, a treasure, love, freedom, or new knowledge.
36Selections The mythical heroes we will be investigating include: PerseusMosesSupermanKing ArthurSundiata
39Part III Creating a Mythical/Super Hero You will be creating your own hero. Choose a name and design an outfit and accessories. Include a side-kick and a catch phrase for your hero. Then use at least 6 of Campbell’s 12 steps to outline your hero’s journey. Prepare a presentation of your hero.