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Figurative Language “Kick Me” Review.

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Presentation on theme: "Figurative Language “Kick Me” Review."— Presentation transcript:

1 Figurative Language “Kick Me” Review

2 CONNOTATION Definition: An idea or feeling that a word invokes for a person in addition to its literal or primary meaning. EMOTION/FEELING OF A WORD. Example: A shark is ruthless. Is it nice to call someone a shark? What emotion is associated with referring to someone as an egg head?

3 DENOTATION Definition: The literal or primary meaning of a word, in contrast to the feelings or ideas that the word suggests. DICTIONARY DEFINITION Example: Mostly marine fishes, certain species of which are large, voracious, and sometimes dangerous to humans. What would the denotation of egg head be?

4 SIMILE Definition: a figure of speech in which two unlike things are explicitly compared using like, than or as Example: He is as brave as a lion. Can you think of a simile for an angry person?

5 METAPHOR Definition: a metaphor can be described as a comparison that shows how two things that are not alike in most ways are similar in other important ways. Example: "I'm a night owl; Paul’s an early bird. We're different species.” Can you think of a metaphor for an angry person?

6 HYPERBOLE Definition: Extreme exaggeration
Example: "His thundering shout could split rocks." Or, "Yo' mama's so fat.” Can you think of a hyperbole for a really cold day?

7 PERSONIFICATION Definition: giving human qualities to inanimate objects. Example: "The ground thirsts for rain; the wind whispered secrets to us.“ Can you think of a way to personify a messy student’s locker?

8 ONOMATOPOEIA Definition: Words that create an auditory effect similar to the sound they represent. Buzz; Click; Rattle; Clatter; Squish; Grunt Can you think of any other examples of onomatopoeia?

9 SYNONYM Definition: SYNONYM: A word having the same or nearly the same meaning as another word or other words in a language. For example, the word responsible is the same as _______________. Example: ACCOUNTABLE Can you think of any other synonyms for responsible?

10 ANTONYM Definition: A word that has the exact opposite meaning of another word is its antonym. For example, the antonym for robust is____________. Example: WEAK Can you think of any other antonyms for robust?

11 LITERAL Definition: true to fact; not exaggerated; actual or factual
Example: The sharp weapon bloodied his head.

12 FIGURATIVE Definition: Figurative describes something that is not to be interpreted literally, but that instead uses a symbol or a likeness Example: “She's the head of the company.” Can you think of any other ways to use head in a figurative way?

13 ALLITERATION Definition: Repeating a consonant sound in close proximity to others, or beginning several words with the same vowel sound Example: Five miles meandering with a mazy motion. Can you think of any other examples of alliteration?

14 SYMBOL Definition: A word, place, character, or object that means something beyond what it is on a literal level. Example: STOP SIGN Can you think of any other symbols?

15 ANALOGY ANALOGY: A similarity between like features of two things
"My writing is to me, as flying is to a bird.” Can you think of any other analogies?

16 IDIOM Definition: An expression, word, or phrase that has a figurative meaning conventionally understood by native speakers of a particular culture. This meaning is different from the literal meaning of the idiom's individual elements. In other words, idioms don't mean exactly what the words say. They have, however, hidden meaning. Example: Kick the bucket Can you think of any other idioms?

17 CLICHÉ Definition: A hackneyed or trite phrase that has become overused. Clichés are considered bad writing and bad literature. Example: Every cloud has a silver lining. Can you think of any other cliches?

18 DICTION Definition: The choice of a particular word as opposed to others. Example: Rock formation: a stone, a boulder, an outcropping, a pile of rocks, a cairn, a mound, or even an "anomalous geological feature.” Let’s say you wanted to describe someone who is thin. What are some word choices that have a positive connotation? What are some word choices that have a negative connotation?

19 VERBAL IRONY Definition: Saying one thing and meaning another.
Example: "The cake is as soft as concrete" - the person wants to tell that the cake is not so soft to eat. Can you think of any other examples of verbal irony?

20 PUN Definition: A joke exploiting the different possible meanings of a word or the fact that there are words that sound alike but have different meanings Example: I knew a woman who owned a taser, man was she stunning! Can you think of any other puns?

21 NUANCE Definition: A subtle difference or distinction in expression, meaning, response, etc. Example: Black-charcoal gray-dove gray-off-white-white

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