Causes British Giving Guns to Native Americans in the West British Impressment War Hawks
Cause One – British Arm Native Americans in West U.S. knows Native Americans are fighting on the Frontier with British weapons Tecumseh’s army was given gun and supplies to fight Tecumseh goes to Canada to fight for British against U.S. after Battle of Tippecanoe
Cause one - Tecumseh’s Army has British Weapons and Supplies
Cause Two - Impressment Britain continues to take American sailors at sea when fighting France
Cause Three – War Hawks War Hawks – nickname for Congressmen who call on U.S. to fight Britain to gain respect for U.S. War Hawks feel British do not take U.S. seriously (see causes one and two!)
Strengths and Weaknesses BritishUnited States Strengths (+) Weaknesses (-)
Strengths and Weaknesses BritishUnited States Strengths (+) 1)Experience 2)#1 Navy 3)Could attack from Canada 1) Home Field 2) Much Improved Navy Weaknesses (-) 1) Already at war with France 2) 2000 miles from home 1) Little Money 2) Disorganized Military
Major Battles Lake Erie - Buffalo burned to ground by attack from Canada Washington, D.C. - British attack our capital and set fire to the White House Fort McHenry - Francis Scott Key wrote the “Star Spangled Banner” after watching the battle
Battle at Fort McHenry – Baltimore – Source of the “Star Spangled Banner”
The Star Spangled Banner Francis Scott Key Oh, say can you see by the dawn's early light What so proudly we hailed at the twilight's last gleaming? Whose broad stripes and bright stars thru the perilous fight, O'er the ramparts we watched were so gallantly streaming? And the rocket's red glare, the bombs bursting in air, Gave proof through the night that our flag was still there. Oh, say does that star-spangled banner yet wave O'er the land of the free and the home of the brave? On the shore, dimly seen through the mists of the deep, Where the foe's haughty host in dread silence reposes, What is that which the breeze, o'er the towering steep, As it fitfully blows, half conceals, half discloses? Now it catches the gleam of the morning's first beam, In full glory reflected now shines in the stream: 'Tis the star-spangled banner! Oh long may it wave O'er the land of the free and the home of the brave!
And where is that band who so vauntingly swore That the havoc of war and the battle's confusion, A home and a country should leave us no more! Their blood has washed out their foul footsteps' pollution. No refuge could save the hireling and slave From the terror of flight, or the gloom of the grave: And the star-spangled banner in triumph doth wave O'er the land of the free and the home of the brave! Oh! thus be it ever, when freemen shall stand Between their loved home and the war's desolation! Blest with victory and peace, may the heav'n rescued land Praise the Power that hath made and preserved us a nation. Then conquer we must, when our cause it is just, And this be our motto: "In God is our trust.” And the star-spangled banner in triumph shall wave O'er the land of the free and the home of the brave!
Battle of New Orleans Led by Andrew Jackson US has 4500 men; end with 70 casualties Brits have 5300 men; end with 2000 casualties Battle was fought January 8, 1815 (war ended on December 24, 1814)
Andrew Jackson becomes a Hero - Battle of New Orleans
Treaty of Ghent – The Results of the War of 1812 Status Quo Antibellum - everything goes back to the way it was before the war No solution to impressment, trade problems, or Indian attacks America proud it stood up to the mighty British