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Cutty Sark Introduction and classroom activities.

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1 Cutty Sark Introduction and classroom activities

2 What is Cutty Sark ? Cutty Sark is the world’s last surviving tea clipper (a very fast sailing ship) She was a cargo ship, built in 1869 to bring back tea from ______ She was famous for her speed and shape China ‘In the tea trade’, painting by S. Wassell © Cutty Sark Trust

3 John (Jock) Willis John ‘white hat’ Willis was the ship’s first owner, he paid for her to be built He was famous for wearing a white top hat Can you design a new hat for Jock? © Cutty Sark Trust

4 Cutty Sark’ s figurehead Figureheads were believed to bring good luck to a voyage They may be a famous personality or character On the front of the ship you will see Nannie, a witch, wearing a ‘cutty sark’ (short nightdress) Nannie is a character in a poem by Robert Burns. Find out more herehere Who would you choose as the figurehead for your ship? © National Maritime Museum

5 Why was Cutty Sark built? Cutty Sark was a cargo ship, built to carry tea from China to London Tea was very popular in the UK and people from all classes would drink it Cutty Sark raced other ships to get back to London first. A lot of money could be made by selling tea. The first ship back could sell their cargo for the highest price

6 Why was she so fast? Cutty Sark was a ‘clipper’ ship The word ‘clipper’ means to move quickly across the waves She has a strong iron frame, long narrow hull, wooden hull planks, raking masts and a very large sail area Her hull is covered in metal (copper mixed with zinc) to stop barnacles growing and make her more streamlined Top: model of an East Indiaman ship’s hull Bottom: model of Cutty Sark’s streamlined hull (not to scale) © Cutty Sark Trust

7 After John Willis waved good-bye to Cutty Sark, how long was it before he saw his ship again? Sail to China = _____ days Find and load the tea = _____ days Sail to back to England = _____ days 105 25 110 Total number of days? = _____ days 240

8 Design your own ship - which will sail the fastest? Materials to test: Paper Card Foil Choose a material to test Fold your chosen material to make a ship shape Add masts and sails Test it out on water Which material works best? Click here Click here to see how to make an origami boat on You Tube © National Maritime Museum

9 What else did Cutty Sark trade? Wool In 1869 the Suez Canal was built which meant that steam ships could get to China a lot quicker than sailing ships By 1877 steam ships had taken over the tea trade and Cutty Sark stopped trading tea Cutty Sark continued to work as a cargo ship until 1922, sailing to many countries and carrying a variety of different cargoes Coal Televisions BeerSpices Which of these cargoes do you think Cutty Sark traded?

10 Where else did Cutty Sark travel to? Match the cargoes to the continents: Cocoa Beans Rice JapanAustraliaThailandGhana

11 Life on board the ship There were about 25 sailors on board Cutty Sark The youngest crew member was 14 Life on board was tough. Many left home for the first time and they would encounter all types of weather. They had to be incredibly hard-working and brave. CREW NEEDED Are you: brave in a storm? good at tying knots? quick at climbing the rigging? Send applications to Jock Willis, Cutty Sark

12 The crew Master Can you match the crew members to their jobs? CookSailmaker Apprentice I am 14. I am learning to be a seaman. I mend torn sails or pennants. I produce meals for the crew. I am the captain of the ship. Images © Cutty Sark Trust and National Maritime Museum

13 Ship’s biscuits Ship’s biscuits were an important part of a sailor’s diet They were made from stone ground flour, water and salt They lasted a long time, so were perfect for long voyages Ship’s biscuits were an important part of a sailor’s diet They were made from stone ground flour, water and salt They lasted a long time, so were perfect for long voyages Click here for a recipehere

14 Cutty Sark today Cutty Sark was moved to her dry dock Greenwich, London in 1954 During a conservation project in 2007, she sadly caught fire Thankfully, very little of the ship was lost in the fire. Cutty Sark was reopened to the public in April 2012 to begin a new chapter in her extraordinary life Come and see for yourselves! © National Maritime Museum

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