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Outcome-based Curriculum: the Changing Roles of the Teacher? Anchalee Chayanuvat, Ed.D Walailak University, Nakhon Si Thammarat, Thailand

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Presentation on theme: "Outcome-based Curriculum: the Changing Roles of the Teacher? Anchalee Chayanuvat, Ed.D Walailak University, Nakhon Si Thammarat, Thailand"— Presentation transcript:

1 Outcome-based Curriculum: the Changing Roles of the Teacher? Anchalee Chayanuvat, Ed.D Walailak University, Nakhon Si Thammarat, Thailand E-mail:

2 Outcome-based Curriculum is not new. We all expect something to happen in our students because of our teaching. We all expect that our students learn everything we teach them.

3 Are teachers expected to change? Are students expected to change? Threats The Force of Globalization The borderless world The ASEAN COMMUNITY in 2015 Etc. Change Change in our personality/behaviour/ being as a teacher? Change in the way we teach? Change in the way they learn?

4 Qualities of Good Teachers Keeratikorn (cited in Siripool, 1988:30)  Use all the time available  Cover the curriculum  Function at best teaching ability

5 Qualities of Good Teachers Sornsiri (1992;3-4) Good personality Good classroom management Good relationship with students Good teaching Good attitude to teaching Good relationship with parents

6 Qualities of Good Teachers Gilbert : A good teacher must …………. o Know the subject o Like the subject one teaches o Like children o Know the children o Have an open-mind o Know more than one’s own subject o Have a good sense of humour o Have a good memory o Think positively o Be kind

7 The Meaning of Quality Trow: A good teacher must …..  like children  like to help  like to learn  like to lead

8 Qualities of Good Teachers Combs: A good teacher…. o Likes to meet people o Is brave to face all obstacles o Has self confidence o Believes in acceptance of society o Has self esteem

9 Qualities of Good Teachers Buripakdi et al (1977: 363-465) collected data from students, parents, teachers, administrators, Buddhists, monks and experts totalling 7,762 and found the following desirable qualities:- Good behaviour Good knowledge Good personality Good teaching Punctuality Fairness Lifelong learning Cheerfulness Honesty Sacrifice

10 Qualities of Good Teachers Piyamada (1968) found that quality teachers in Bangkok:-  Encouraged and praised students (8)  Were kind (3)  Taught well (1)  Advised well (4)  Had a democratic outlook (2)  Were fair and honest (5)  Supported students financially (6)  Had good personality (9)  Had a good relationship with students (7)

11 Outcome-based Curriculum/ Teacher Roles Male Teachers  Behaved badly  Gambled and drank alcohol  Dressed poorly  Impolite/rude  irresponsible Female Teachers  Dressed impolitely  Emotional and badly behaved  Irresponsible, especially in one own’s teaching  Enjoyed gossiping  Unreasonably strict  Talked too much

12 Qualities of Good Teachers Barr et al. in Wisconsin Studies  Cheerful  Care  Cooperative  Respectable  Emotionally stable  Ethical  Cautious/meticulous  Flexible  Determined  Good decision making  Active  Separate work from life  Charming personality  Enthusiastic  Academic

13 Summary Good teacher characteristics  Good education and inquiry mind  Good communication skills  Good health  Good ethics  Kindness and democratic outlook

14 Qualities of Good Teachers Thong-uthai (1980:74-86) studies university teachers by collecting data from teachers and students found 5 characteristics:- Quality knowledge Self-directed learning Good teaching preparation Clear teaching objective Support for students in thinking

15 Beidler (1997) from personal experience and observation rather than educational theory 1. Good teachers really want to be good teachers 2. Good teachers take risks 3. Good teachers have a positive attitude 4. Good teachers never have enough time 5. Good teachers think of teaching as a form of parenting 6. Good teachers try to give their students confidence 7. Good teachers try to keep students – and themselves – off balance 8. Good teachers try to motivate students by working within their incentive system 9. Good teachers do not trust student evaluations 10. Good teachers listen to their students

16 Hessong and Weeks (1987: 457-463) Being Knowledgeable Being Humorous Being Flexible Being Inspired by teaching Being Honest Being Clear and Concise Being Open Being Patient Being a Role Model Being Able to Relate Theory to Practice Being Self-Confident Being Diversified Being Well Groomed and Having Good Personal Hygiene Qualities of Good Teachers

17 By The Thai Teachers’ Council Criteria – Ethics – Morality – Interpersonal Skills – Community leadership skills – Office organization – Behaviour – Health – Sacrifice Qualities of Good Teachers

18 ลักษณะของครูที่ดีนั้นมีมากมายหลายแบบ และการ ที่จะยอมรับว่า ครูที่ดีจะต้องมี ลักษณะอย่างไรนั้น ขึ้นอยู่กับความคิดเห็นของแต่ละบุคคล แต่เมื่อ พิจารณาโดยทั่วไปแล้ว ก็สามารถสรุปได้ว่า ครูที่ดี ควรจะประกอบด้วยคุณลักษณะที่สำคัญ ๆ คือ 1. บุคลิกภาพดี 2. มีความรู้ดี 3. การสอนดีและปกครองดี 4. ความประพฤติดี 5. มีมนุษย์สัมพันธ์อันดี Qualities of Good Teachers

19 Chayanuvat (2009) The Teacher The Thai teacher has complex roles of in the expectations of the research participants. The teacher in an English classroom is expected not only to teach but also to facilitate learning. The roles are complex because the classroom is a place where individual differences, needs and wants for learning are attended to. Being the most important person in the Thai classroom, the teacher affects students in many ways by his/her displayed behaviour. The teacher is expected to demonstrate desirable general warm human qualities, specific personal characteristics, accommodating presentation and performance skills, sufficient content knowledge and effective teaching strategies. The research participants looked forward to positive teacher-student relationships that would eventually help them learn English with confidence, not with stress. According to the research participants, the teacher is expected to adopt human qualities such as being caring and nurturing, facilitating and being impartial. Qualities of Good Teachers

20 Qualities of Good Students A GOOD LEARNER Personal Appeal of English: --Love for English --Like English --Determination to learn English --See its importance Self-discipline --Regular practice --Full class attendance --Active class participation --Find opportunities to use what is learnt Know How to Learn --Researching skills --Being self-directed --Lifelong learning --Time management Personal Orientation: --Confident --Determined --Serious about English --Independent --Effortful --Unrelenting --Extroverted --Hard-working --Brave to use English

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