Presentation on theme: "Cyber Endeavor. 12 NATIONAL FLAG (ONLY TRIANGULAR FLAG IN THE WORLD) Calm and friendliness of Nepalese Inherent bravery and boldness National color,"— Presentation transcript:
NATIONAL FLAG (ONLY TRIANGULAR FLAG IN THE WORLD) Calm and friendliness of Nepalese Inherent bravery and boldness National color, blood of human beings Triangular halves symbol of Hinduism and Buddhism Peace and harmony
THE LAND OF MOUNT EVEREST
LUMBINI BIRTH PLACE OF LORD BUDDHA
SHERPAS – THE GREAT MOUNTAINEERS
THE BRAVE GURKHA SOLDIERS
GEOGRAPHY 850 Km 150 Km Area - 147,181 Sq Km
Mount Everest Kali Gandaki Gorges GEOGRAPHY
Altitude 4,500 m and above Covers 19 % of total land area 10 % of total population Himalayan Region
22 peaks out of 31 over 7600m HIMALAYAN REGION 8 out of 14 highest peaks over 8000m
MOUNT EVEREST TOP OF THE WORLD
Covers 64% of land area of Nepal Altitude 1500m – 4500 m Hill Region
Max Altitude - 300m Covers 17% of total land area More than 50% of total population Terai Region Km
Terai Region – Hot & Humid Hill Region – Pleasant Himalayan Region-Alpine CLIMATE
Spring: Mar to May Warm and Dusty, with Rain Showers
Summer : Jun to Aug Monsoon
KATHMANDU VALLEY Altitude-4500 ft Summer:25 to 35 Degree Celsius Winter:0 to 15Degree Celsius
FAUNA AND FLORA
2% of the flowering plants on the earth RED RHODODENDRON
600 indigenous plant families 319 species of exotic orchids
8% OF THE WORLD’S BIRD POPULATION Danphe - Lopophorus
4% OF MAMMALS ON EARTH
ONE HORNED RHINO
15 National Park 20% of Total Land NATIONAL PARKS
ARYAN-NEPALESE ARYAN-NEPALESE PEOPLE
MONGOLOID NEPALESE MONGOLOID NEPALESE PEOPLE
NATIVE PEOPLE PEOPLE
LANGUAGE Languages - 60 Dialects - 92 National Language Script-Devanagari
Secular State RELIGION OTHERS 3.5% RELIGIOUS HARMONY HINDU 80% BUDDHIST 12.3% MUSLIM 4.2% KASHMERE MOSQUE (Kings Way KATHMANDU)
A TYPICAL NEPALESE MEAL Nepali Menu Bhat (Boiled rice) Dal ( Lintel soup) Tarkari (Curried vegetable) Achar (Pickle) Kukura ko masu (chicken curry) Khasi ko masu (Mutton)
Popular Tourist Activities TOURISM
Popular Tourist Activities
W HAT IS MILITARY LEVEL GUIDANCE REGARDING CYBER SPACE ? Research and development directorate,Computer wing. Army intranet No privilege of army cyber group /dept
C AUSE FOR E- T RANSACTION A CT In Nepal, organization, business houses started using the electronic transactions when the government was lacking the law, rules and regulations.
E LECTRONIC T RANSACTION ACT AS CYBER LAW IN TO EFFECT A cyber crime (electronic transaction) legislation committee on February 4, 2004 presented an ordinance to House of Representatives. The House of Representatives on March 4, 2004, made a recommendation for an Act was first enacted as an ordinance. Enacted as an act on 2006 and entered into force.
M AIN P URPOSE OF THE CYBER L AW The main purpose of this act (law) is to legalize the electronic transactions and digital signatures for both private and public transactions This act has 12 sections and 79 clauses. Electronic Transaction Act 2006 is addressed in the capacity of cyber law.
W HAT CYBER POLICY HAS BEEN DEVELOPED ? The act has clearly defined the rights, duty and authorities of the subscribers, network service provider etc. The act had provision of separate judicial bodies, IT Tribunal and Appellate Tribunal. The both Tribunal look into all cases related to computer crime and the cyber crime. The IT tribunal is headed by the District Court Judge and has 3 members.
L IMITATIONS FOR CYBER CRIME COMPLAINTS The Cyber law 2006 dictates the limitation for complaint with in 35 days of first knowhow of crime and breaching of the cyber law Dealt by Nepal Police.
C YBER C RIME AND PUNISHMENT The punishment varies from Rs to Rs penalty and 6 months to 5 years imprisonment as the attempts to discourage the cyber crime.
H OW DO YOU ASSESS YOUR IA CULTURE ? Computer crimes increasingly are prone to have international dimensions. Challenges faced on the international front include:; locating and identifying perpetrators across borders. The government of Nepal is working with foreign governments through many channels to address global threats related to cyber crime as well.
B IG CYBER THREATS Threats Trafficking Tampering with computer source documents Dissemination of false information Hacking Identity theft and invasion of privacy Internet fraud ATM fraud Networking business fraud
B IG CYBER THREATS Creating Computer viruses Sabotage and denial of e- service (Trojan Horse) Hijacking of government and corporation web sites Theft of intellectual property Online abuses
H OW DO YOU ASSESS YOUR CURRENT CYBER POSTURE ? Army personnel are aware regarding cyber threats. Conduction of cyber security and computer training to all ranks. No classified matters put in army intranet and army website. Concept of NP-CERT. Control mechanism by ministry of comn and information.