Nouns Did you notice that nouns were missing from the last exercise? Nouns denote people and places, things and ideas. They can be divided into the following groups. proper Names of people, places, etc. They have a capital letter. E.g. London common All nouns that are not proper nouns. collective This is a noun that refers to a group. E.g. flock, herd,
Noun phrases A noun phrase refers to a group of words that are built around a noun. E.g. my sister my little sister my brave little sister my brave little sister on crutches Notice how you can build up noun phrases.
You can also compare things using adjectives. This drink is cool. The water is cooler. The cola is coolest. This is the comparative form.This is the superlative form. For words of more than two syllables, we use more and most to make these forms. more important most important This is the comparative form.This is the superlative form. Adjectives
Verbs can change their form. This gives us an indication of when the action takes place. I dance for enjoyment. I danced all last night. I was dancing for four hours. I will be dancing next week too. Look at how these sentences tell us when the action takes place. present past future Verbs
Determiners Determiners are used with nouns. The most common determiners are: aanthe Other common determiners are this that these those my you’re his her its our their some many no all each every both enough numbers (one, two, three, etc.) Many determiners are used as pronouns and in that case they are not followed by a noun.