What is “ICE” Quote? –A way to use primary (Ideas, facts, evidence, quotations, etc) information and cite it. Use it… When you quote an author directly When you use an author’s ideas or opinions When you report hard-to-find facts ***If you do not give the source credit it is plagiarism!***
Quotations Definition: A quotation is a direct and exact restatement of someone else’s words. A quotation must be set off with quotation marks. Do not take the words out of context or modify the tone from the original. Remain true to the original intention of the writer.
Why Do I Use a Direct Quotation? If the info is important and well-phrased If you can’t say it any better REMEMBER Use the exact words of the source Use quotation marks! Give credit!
Using Quotations Do not use a quotation as a separate sentence unto itself but incorporate it into the grammar, structure, and “flow” of your sentence (ICE your quote) Introduce quotations, do not just drop them into your essay
HOW Do I Use it? I = Introduce C = Cite - To quote or refer to… E = Explain
Introducing a Quote Include context or information so the reader knows what you’re talking about. –Give me plot detail to tell me where in the story the quote is coming from. Don’t say “Here’s a quote that….” Before using your quote, you should have a sentence or two that “previews” it for me. Try to mix up your wording. “The author says” or “The author writes” gets repetitive!
Introducing a Quote Katniss is a character who is very brave. She thinks, “It’s a horrifying sensation being pinned against the wall as the bombs rain down.” This shows she is brave because she putting herself in danger. She shows bravery by risking her life to ensure the people of Panam can be free from the rule of President Snow. EVAULATE: Is this a good introduction to the quote? Do you know where this is in the novel? Do you think this is from The Hunger Games?
Introducing a Quote Katniss is a character who is very brave. In Mockingjay she and members of the rebels attempt to storm the capital. This is a very risky plan as it can turn violent instantly. As she is approaching the capital building she thinks, “It’s a horrifying sensation being pinned against the wall as the bombs rain down.” This shows she is brave because she putting herself in danger. She shows bravery by risking her life to ensure the people of Panam can be free from the rule of President Snow. EVAULATE: Is this a good introduction to the quote? How are they different?
Words to Introduce ____ argues _____ asserts _____ believes ____ agrees ____contends _____ denies _____recommends _____ claims that In _____ view _____ disagrees when he writes… ______ states that In her book ____, _____ maintains that
Citing A Quote Giving Credit to the author. If the narrator is the one “speaking” you can cite the author’s last name. If you are citing dialogue, you can mention the character. Don’t always say “the character says…” Words to use: Replies, exclaims, remarks, cries, etc.
Explaining a Quote After you write in the quote, tell me what it means! Relate the explanation back to your main idea. –This quote shows that Alfonso is unhappy with his self-esteem because he is actively trying to change the way he looks. Take it one step farther! –This quote shows that Alfonso is unhappy with his self-esteem because he is actively trying to change the way he looks. Readers can conclude that his low self esteem is a problem he faces throughout the story.
Ways to Explain Basically, ____ is saying In other words, _____ believes ______ is insisting that ______ points is that The essence of ______ argument is that
Practice We’re going to look at examples of paragraphs with quotations in them. I=Introduce C = Cite E= Explain
Example Readers can argue that the mood of the story “The Landlady” is eerie. As Billy was wandering the street, looking for a place to stay, he noticed things weren’t as they seemed. For example, Dahl writes, “But now, even in the darkness, he could see that the paint was peeling from the woodwork on their doors and windows and that the handsome white facades were cracked and blotchy from neglect.” Dahl describes the street that Bed and Breakfast is one. He uses words like darkness and neglect, words that generally make people feel cautious and scared rather than happy.
Example When describing the character Alfonso in “Broken Chain,” readers conclude that he has self-esteem issues. In the beginning of the story, readers are introduced to Alfonso who is attempting to straighten his teeth. Soto writes, “He spent hours in front of the mirror trying to herd his teeth into place with his thumb.” In the story, Alfonso is worried that he is not good-looking, especially because of crooked teeth.
Example The character Billy Weaver in “The Landlady” by Roald Dahl is very naïve. Billy travels to Bath, England looking for a place to stay and ends up getting murdered by his landlady. If Billy had not been so naïve, he probably wouldn’t have died. There were many signs that his landlady was a ambiguous character, yet Billy ignored it. Upon first meeting the landlady, Dahl writes, “The old girl is slightly dotty.” Billy himself recognized that she might be crazy, yet he stayed with her anyway.
Example The protagonist in “The Landlady” is Billy Weaver. Readers can describe him as curious. When Billy heard the names of the two boys staying at the bed and breakfast, he was trying to figure out where he had heard their names. Author Roald Dahl wrote, “He was still puzzling his head about the two names. He was positive now that he had seen them in the newspapers – in the headlines.” This quotation proves Billy is curious because he kept trying to determine where he had heard the names before. Throughout the remainder of the story, he would not give up on finding out where he had heard the names.
Example In the story “The Landlady,” the protagonist Billy Weaver is a young man looking for a place to stay. Readers can characterize him as cocky and ignorant. Billy’s ignorance is shown when he first meets with the landlady and told the low price of the room. The author, Roald Dahl, writes “It was fantastically cheap. It was less than half of what he had been willing to pay.” Readers can infer that Billy is ignorant because the rent was so low, something must have been suspicious about the situation.
“Landlady” Assignment 1. Decide what adjective you want to use to describe the Landlady. 2. Write a topic sentence for your paragraph. 3. Find a quotation that supports that adjective. 4. Write the ICE Quote for it. Introduce and Cite it, then explain how it relates to the adjective you’re describing her as. 5. Think of at least 2 other supporting details that relate to how you’re describing her. 6. Write your paragraph!
Adjectives Eccentric Eager Manipulative Controlling Confident Cynical Deceptive Spontaneous Congenial Insecure Clever Fastidious WARNING!!! YOU CAN NOT USE MEAN, CRAZY OR NICE!
“Landlady” Assignment Write a character description of the landlady in Roald Dahl’s story “The Landlady” on paper you will turn in. Requirements (this is your checklist!): You should use one direct quote from the text to support your opinion, remember to ICE it! Remember to have a topic sentence. You should also have two additional details. Send to firstname.lastname@example.org@mypanthers.org Send as a word document. Subject: Hour, Last Name, First Name, LL Assignment