Presentation on theme: "Abraham Maslow Holistic-Dynamic Theory Pertemuan 18 Matakuliah: L0194 – Psikologi Kepribadian Tahun: 2010."— Presentation transcript:
Abraham Maslow Holistic-Dynamic Theory Pertemuan 18 Matakuliah: L0194 – Psikologi Kepribadian Tahun: 2010
Bina Nusantara Who is Abraham Harold Maslow?
Bina Nusantara Average student High grades Intellectually superior student get flunk out from school
Bina Nusantara (1970) Holistic Approach to Motivation Motivation is ussualy complex –Behavior spring from several separate motives –Motivation maybe unconscious or unknown to the person People are continually motivates by one needs or another People everywhere are motivates by the same basic needs can be arrange on hierarchy
Bina Nusantara Heirarchy of Needs Metapathology: Absent of value, lack of fulfillment, Loss meaning in life Self doubt, self-depreciation, Lack of confidence Defensive, overly aggresisive, Socially timid Irrational fear, insecutiry, dread, basic anxiety Malnutrition, fatigue, loss of energy, Obsession of sex, etc.
Bina Nusantara In addition to these 5 conative needs are: 1.Aesthetic 2.Cognitive 3.Neurotic Deprivation same sickness as conative needs Deprivation results in pathology
Bina Nusantara Reversed order of Needs Chief crazy horse monument sculptured by Korczak Ziolkowski
Bina Nusantara Unmotivated Behavior Expressive Behavior The person’s mode of expression No need reward Unlearned, spontaneous, force within person rather than environment Versus Coping Behavior Conscious, learned, determined by external environment Serves some aims or goals Motivated by some deficit needs
Bina Nusantara Criteria for Self Actualization Free from psychopathology Had progressed through the hierarchy of needs Embracing of the B-Values Full use and exploitation of talents, capacities, potentialities
Bina Nusantara B-Values Metamotivation motives of self actualizing people Deprivation of any B-Values Metapathology (the lack of a meaningful philosophy of life)
Characteristic of self actualizing people: More efficient perception of reality Acceptance of self, others, & naturalness Problem-centering Need for privacy Autonomy Continued freshness of appreciation The peak experience
Bina Nusantara Characteristic of self actualizing people: (cont…) Kinship with other human beings Profound interpersonal relations The democratic character structure Enjoy doing something for its own sake Philosophical sense of humor Creativeness Resistence to enculturation
Bina Nusantara Jonah Complex Takut akan kesuksesan yang diimpikan karena akan bandingkan dengan yang dirasa lebh hebat Psychotherapy Break their dependency on others Warm & healthy relationship with therapist Fulfill love & belongingness confident