Presentation on theme: "Historical Trauma and Healing the Hurts"— Presentation transcript:
1 Historical Trauma and Healing the Hurts Ray Daw, MARegional DirectorEdventures Groupedventures.orgDeveloped byMaria Yellow Horse Brave Heart, PhD,Columbia University, NYCPresident/Director, The Takini Network
2 Ottenbacher: Brave Heart 3 Major Hypothesis: Dr. Maria Yellow Horse Brave HeartOttenbacher: Brave Heart 3 Major Hypothesis:Education increases awareness of traumaSharing affects provides reliefGrief resolution through collective mourning/healing creates*positive group identity *commitment to communityPurpose:Identifying with victimizationcollective memory/healthy ego
3 Historical Trauma Causes: Legacy of genocide Effects: Unsettled trauma Definition: The collective emotional and psychological injury both over the life span and across generations, resulting from a cataclysmic history of genocide (Dr. Maria Yellowhorse-Braveheart)Causes:Legacy of genocideEffects:Unsettled traumaIncrease of child abuse and domestic violence“Intergenerational Trauma and Historical Grief in American Indians: A Review of Conceptualizations from Dr. Maria Yellow Horse Brave Heart”, powerpoint, Melanie Ottenbacher
7 Six Phases of Historical Unresolved Grief Ottenbacher.ppt1st contactLife shockGenocideNo time for griefEconomic CompetitionSustenance loss (physical/spiritual)Invasion War PeriodExterminationRefugee symptomsSubjugation and Reservation PeriodConfined / translocatedLack of securityBoarding School PeriodDestroyed family systemForced Relocation and Termination PeriodTransfer to urban areasProhibition of religious freedom
8 1st Contact (Colonization), Boarding Schools, & Relocation (Ottenbacher.ppt) 1. 1st school: PennsylvaniaBeatenRapedNative language prohibited2. Lasting effectIll-prepared for parentingColonization1. IntroduceDiseaseAlcohol2. Main traumatic eventsAssassination of Tatanka Iyotake (Sitting Bull)Wounded Knee MassacreRelocation & AssimilationRacism/ viewed as 2nd classBlack Hills ConfiscationSpiritual prohibitionChange of Government
9 Imprisonment of tribes after conquest Repression of indigenous practices, beliefs, language, and identity Paternalism by governmental institutions, religious organizations, and reorganization of established governance.
11 Features of Trauma Response Poor affect tolerancePsychic numbingHypervigilanceSubstance abuseFixation to traumaDepressionDeath identityAsking
12 RiskNative Americans as a group are at increased risk of injury, but Native American males are at even greater risk for many types of injuries. Compared to their female counterparts, Native American males ages 20 years and older are (CDC 2003) twice as likely to die from a motor vehicle crash. nearly four times more likely to die from pedestrian-related injury. nearly twice as likely to die from fire and burn injuries.
13 Risk five times more likely to drown. four times more likely to commit suicide. three times more likely to be murdered.A person has a higher risk of suicide if their parent, close relative or close friend has taken their own life.
16 Acculturation Eurocentric Indigenous Low Indigenous acculturation & high Eurocentric acculturationlowhighEurocentricIndigenoushighlowDiscussion on bi-culturalism is to transition from MH problems to begin presentation on engagement.High Indigenous acculturation & Low Eurocentric acculturation1616
17 Euro-centric Treatment Disease Model-basedAA Philosophy driven12 Step designConfrontational stylesMorals drivenIndividual focusedRecovery orientedRelapses consider badIndigenous approaches not considered
19 (Doo dilzin da: abuse of the natural world). Substance abuse or misuse is not condoned within the indigenous belief system.The norm is for respect yourself by not using substances that are not indigenous or acceptable to the tribe(Doo dilzin da: abuse of the natural world).
20 Native American Resilience High rates of abstinenceLand base (reservations)Extended familiesIndigenous practicesStrong ethnic identityGrowing middle classHistory of racism (segregation)
24 What MattersTalking CircleIncreasing American Indian identityDecreasing structural povertyDoing so will decrease the probability of alcohol symptoms and drug use.AMERICAN INDIAN SERVICES UTILIZATION, PSYCHIATRIC EPIDEMIOLOGY, RISK AND PROTECTIVE FACTORS PROJECT (AI-SUPERPFP) , University of Colorado at Denver and Health Services Center
26 Takini NetworkTakini is a Native American non-profit organization, designed to address healing from historical trauma and historical unresolved grief among the Indigenous people.Takini provides therapeutic work, prevention, research, publication and community education.Maria Yellowhorse-Braveheart;