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Sanna Mustonen Nina Reiman University of Jyväskylä

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1 Sanna Mustonen Nina Reiman University of Jyväskylä The Development of Syntactical Constructions in L2 Finnish

2 Department of Languages / Centre of Applied Linguistics This presentation iCefling project iiData iii The development of syntactical and phrase constructions –Ditransitive construction –Local case phrases

3 Department of Languages / Centre of Applied Linguistics CEFLING The linguistic basis of the Common European Framework levels Research questions: –What combinations of linguistic features characterise learners’ performance at the proficiency levels defined in the Common European Framework and its Finnish adaptations? –How does second language proficiency develop?

4 Department of Languages / Centre of Applied Linguistics Ceflings RESEARCHERS Riikka Alanen Hannele Dufva Ari Huhta Paula Kalaja Maisa Martin Katja Mäntylä Mirja Tarnanen PhD STUDENTS Helena Miettinen Sanna Mustonen Nina Reiman Marja Seilonen

5 Department of Languages / Centre of Applied Linguistics Rationale CEF very influential in Finland: –School curricula –Adult education curricula –National Certificates of Proficiency (YKI) –Citizenship requirements

6 Department of Languages / Centre of Applied Linguistics Data Writing performances (490) of adults taking the National Certificate of Proficiency examination 6-step scale L2 Finnish – L1 varies

7 Department of Languages / Centre of Applied Linguistics Assumptions about language and learning Usage-based view of language learning: –language learning in and through language usage  sketching and outlining model constructions (form, meaning and function) (E.g. Ellis 2003, 2008; Tomasello 2003)

8 Department of Languages / Centre of Applied Linguistics Ditransitive construction (1)Jussi leipoi Marille kakun. (Jussi bake IMP+3RD PERSON SG Mari ALL cake ACC(GEN).) John baked Mary a cake. (2)Jussin täytyy leipoa Marille kakku_. ( Jussi GEN must PRES + 3RD PERSON SG bake Mari ALL cake ACC(NOM).) John must bake Mary a cake. (3)Jussi leipoo Marille kakkua. (Jussi bake PRES + 3RD PERSON SG Mari ALL cake PART.) John is baking Mary “some” cake.

9 Department of Languages / Centre of Applied Linguistics Ditransitive constructions per 1000 words / 10 texts

10 Department of Languages / Centre of Applied Linguistics Verb variation

11 Department of Languages / Centre of Applied Linguistics The Semantics of the Local Case System (E.g. Jackendoff 1983, 1992)

12 Department of Languages / Centre of Applied Linguistics Constructions per 1000 words / per 10 texts

13 Department of Languages / Centre of Applied Linguistics Complexity of the Action-TO -construction 1: Tulee minulla vaimon kanssa kahvillee (Comes IMP. in TO my place with wife to have a cup of coffee. ) 3: en voi mennä sun häihin (I can not go to your wedding) 6: Haluaisin ilmoittautua teidän järjestämään Varhainen vuorovaikutus täydennyskoulutukseen (I would like to register for a course of Early interaction you have organized.)

14 Department of Languages / Centre of Applied Linguistics Summary This kind of quantitative analysis reveals the development of accuracy roughly –Either–or-classification (target language - like/non-target language -like) In the usage-based approach, qualitative analysis is also needed in order to achieve a more comprehensive picture of language competence development Increase in complexity and variation (in form, meaning and function) is a signal of development in language competence


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