Presentation on theme: "Why this class? 1 Corinthians 15:3-5: “For I delivered to you as of first importance what I also received, that Christ died for our sins according to."— Presentation transcript:
Why this class? 1 Corinthians 15:3-5: “For I delivered to you as of first importance what I also received, that Christ died for our sins according to the Scriptures, and that He was buried, and that He was raised on the third day according to the Scriptures, and that He appeared to Cephas, then to the twelve.” Hebrews 6:1-2: “Therefore leaving the elementary teaching about the Christ, let us press on to maturity, not laying again a foundation of repentance from dead works and of faith toward God, of instruction about washings and laying on of hands, and the resurrection of the dead and eternal judgment.”
Why this class will be helpful for those who are mature? To review what you have learned long ago. To remember what you have forgot To learn new things?! To allow opportunities to teach To allow opportunities to encourage To bring others
Plan for the class: Take slices of the Bible at a time and cover each book I will ask questions to allow the class to help teach. Questions are encouraged.
Let’s begin with ABC’s, 123’s: Vocabulary Much religious confusion and disagreement is driven through a failure to agree on terminology. We must have biblical definitions. “Terminology is crucial to doctrine and doctrine is crucial to salvation.”
Helpful tools: Common Sources – Zondervan’s Pictorial Dictionary – Holman Illustrated Bible Dictionary – Vines Other Sources: – Easton’s Bible Dictionary – Fausset’s Bible Dictionary – International Standard Bible Encyclopedia – Nelson’s Bible Dictionary
Amen transliterations of the Greek/ Hebrew words – From root meaning- “confirm” or “support” – Verily – May it become/ so be it. – Truly, indeed. – Let it be so. Ways used: – to confirm the words and invoke the fulfillment of them. (1 Cor. 14:13-16; – Used to be bound in an oath (Neh. 5:13; 8:6) – To give emphasis to words (John 5:24)
Angel Angelos- messenger a supernatural or heavenly being a little higher in dignity than man. Angels are created spirit beings: Ps. 148:2-5- 2 The work of the angels is varied. – Worship God (Matt. 18:10; Rev. 5:11; Heb 1:6) – They assist, protect, and deliver God’s people (Gen. 19:11; Ps. 91:11; Dan. 3:28; 6:22; Acts 5:19). – The affairs of nations are guided by them (Dan. 10:12, 13, 20). – God uses them to punish his enemies (2 Kings 19:35; Acts 12:23)
Apostle “a messenger” “one sent forth” official name of the 12 disciples whom Jesus chose to be with Him during the course of His ministry on earth, to see him after His resurrection, and to lay the foundations of His Church (qualifications see Acts 1:24). unofficial sense- designated Christian messengers commissioned by a community – Barnabas- sent forth as a missionary to Antioch (Acts 13:3) – Jesus- called an apostle (Acts 13:3-sent into the world (John 17:18))
Baptism Transliteration of the word “baptizo” In classical Greek, the word is used to describe the sinking of a ship that is, therefore, “immersed” or totally enveleoped in water. An immersion in water as a public confession of their faith in Jesus as is necessary for salvation. This act pictures the death of Jesus for the sins of the world, his subsequent burial, and his triumphant resurrection. There is also a reenactment of the believer’s death to sin, the burial of the old man, and a resurrection to walk in newness of life with Christ (Rom 6:4). Baptism by fire (Matt. 3:11-12). Baptism of the Holy spirit (1 Cor. 12:13).
Bible “the book” Refers to the OT and NT. 39 books OT. 27 books NT. This forms the “canon” of Holy Scripture. “Canon” originally meant “reed” and came to signify a ruler or measuring stick. In this sense the Bible is the rule or standard of authority for Christians. The concept of “canon” and process of “canonization” refers to when the books gained the status of “Holy Scriptures” Written of 1500 years- in Hebrew, Aramaic (chaldaic) and Greek. Over 40 different authors of varying degrees, backgrounds, etc.
Bless Various ways to use the word – To bless meant to fill with benefits, either as an end in itself or to make the object blessed a source of further blessing for others. – The word could also mean “praise,” as if filling the object of blessing with honor and good words. Thus individuals might bless God (Exod. 18:10; Ruth 4:14; Ps. 68:19; 103:1), while God also could bless men and women – It can also be used of salutation or greeting, similar to an invocation of “peace”. – NT---Blessed- fortunate/happy,
Christ “Christos”- anointed one. Hebrew word- “Messiah”- transliteration of the word anointed one. A name for Jesus which showed that He was the long-awaited king and deliverer
Church Ekklesia- refers to any assembly, local bodies of believers, or the universal body of all believers. Kuriakos (belonging to the Lord). The term not use much till after the gospels because the church was not yet truly established. – Local church- Paul addresses his epistles to specific churches- (1 cor. 1:2; 1 Thess. 1:1). – Universal- the conception of a Church of all believers embracing the local churches, as in 1 Cor. 10:32 and 1 Tim. 3:14— even more so in Col. And Eph.
Covet Inordinate desire to possess what belongs to another, usually tangible things. While the Hebrew word for “covet” can also be translated “to desire” in the tenth commandment it means an ungoverned and selfish desire that threatens the basic rights of others. Sinful - greed
Disciple It’s basic meaning is “learner” or “pupil.” Follower of Jesus Christ.
Doctrine Specifically, doctrine refers to Christian teaching and most specifically to Christian teaching about, God, the gospel, and the comprehensive pattern of Christian truth. The word itself means “teaching” and generally refers to the accepted body of beliefs held by the church
Edify “to build up” “building up” To encourage the work of confirming believers in the faith of the gospel and adding to their knowledge and grace is appropriately expressed by this term.
Evangelism “announcing good news” proclaiming the mercy and grace of God, especially as unfolded in the gospel.
Fellowship Fellowship means companionship, a relation in which parties hold something in common, familiar interaction. – with the Father and the Son (1 John 1:3) – With the Holy Spirit (2 Cor 13:14) – with one another (1 John 1:7).
Firstborn In Israel, the firstborn son was loved in a special way by his parents and inherited special rights and privileges. His BIRTHRIGHT was a double portion of the estate and leadership of the family. As head of the home after his father's death, the eldest son customarily cared for his mother until her death, and provided for his unmarried sisters until their marriage. He was the family's spiritual head and served as its priest. In figurative language, the term firstborn stands for that which is most excellent. This expression is applied to Jesus in several New Testament passages. All of them point to Jesus' high standing and His unique relationship to His Father and the Church.
Fornication Greek- “porneia” Sexual immorality sexual relationships outside the bonds of marriage.
Grace “charis” Favor or kindness shown without regard to the worth or merit of the one who receives it and in spite of what that same person deserves. “God giving us what we don’t deserve.”
Holy "separation," or "setting apart," Holiness is a general term used to indicate sanctity or separation from all that is sinful, impure, or morally imperfect; i.e., it is moral wholeness. The term is used with reference to persons, places, and things. The Scriptures lay great stress upon this attribute of God (Ex 15:11; 1 Sam 2:2; Ps 71:22; 99:9; 111:9; Isa 6:3; Hab 1:12; Rev 15:4; etc.). “ You shall be holy, for I am holy.” (Lev. 20:26; 1 Pet. 1:16).
Hospitality “love of strangers” The practice of entertaining strangers graciously. Hospitality was a very important trait in Bible times. Ex. Gen. 18:1-15
Jehovah (LORD) The proper (covenant) name of the god. Most scholars believe "Jehovah" to be a hybrid form derived by combining the Latin letters JHVH with the vowels of Adonai. From the verb “to be”
Minister “to serve” or “servant” The term is used to describe various officials of a religious and civil character.
Praise “psalm” “thanksgiving” “glorify” “to stretch out the hand” An act of worship or acknowledgment by which the virtues or deeds of another are recognized and extolled.
Prayer “supplication” It is converse with God. It is a "beseeching the Lord" (Ex 32:11); "pouring out the soul before the Lord" (1 Sam 1:15); "praying and crying to heaven" (2 Chron 32:20); "seeking unto God and making supplication" (Job 8:5); "drawing near to God" (Ps 73:28); "bowing the knees" (Eph 3:14).
Predestination “Whatsoever Thy hand and Thy counsel determined before to be done”- Acts. 2:23; 4:28 The biblical teaching that declares the sovereignty of God over man in such a way that the freedom of the human will is also preserved.
Prophet Heb. “Nabi”- “to bubble forth”- “to utter” Heb. “roeh” and “hozeh”- “seer” A mouthpiece for God. (Ex. 7:1) Any person being a spokesman for God to man might thus be called a prophet.
Redemption the purchase back of something that had been lost, by the payment of a ransom. Deliverance by payment of a price. In the New Testament, redemption refers to salvation from sin, death, and the wrath of God by Christ's sacrifice.
Repentance “to turn” “to return” “to change the mind” A turning away from sin, disobedience, or rebellion and a turning back to God (Matt. 9:13; Luke 5:32). Derived from godly sorrow (2 Cor. 7:10). Demonstrated by fruits (Matt. 3:8; Luke 3:8).
Saint People who have been separated from the world and consecrated to the worship and service of God. Consecration (setting apart) and purity are the basic meanings of the term. Believers are called "saints" (Rom 1:7) and "saints in Christ Jesus" (Phil 1:1) because they belong to the One who provided their sanctification.)
Sanctify “To make holy” “to consecrated” “to set apart” To sanctify anything is to declare it as belonging it to God. It may refer to days and seasons, to places, to objects used for worship, or to persons.
Satan “adversary” “accuser” The great opposer, or adversary, of God and man; the personal name of the devil.
Sin “missing the mark” “iniquity” “transgress” rebellion against God as our rightful king. “Transgression of the law of God “(1 John 3:4). Results in separation from God. Produces death.
Sound “whole” “healthy” Used metaphorically of doctrine (1 Tim. 1:10; 2 Tim. 4:3; Titus 1:9).
Spirit “wind” or “breath” It also denotes the rational, immortal soul by which man is distinguished (Acts 7:59; 1 Cor 5:5; 6:20; 7:34), and the soul in its separate state (Heb 12:23), and hence also an apparition (Job 4:15; Luke 24:37,39), an angel (Heb 1:14), and a demon (Luke 4:36; 10:20).
Steward “manager” “head person” This steward was a freeman, had full charge of his master's affairs and could use them to his own advantage if he chose, was fully accountable to his master and had to render an account when called upon. If unfaithful he was usually discharged at once (Luke 16:1-13). Used in many parables.
Tabernacle “to dwell” The tent which served as a place of worship for the nation of Israel during their early history (Ex. 25:9- God gave a pattern for its construction). Used generically as a house or dwelling-place and of the human body (2 Cor. 5:1,4).
Testament “covenant” or “will” refers to either of the two main divisions of the Bible: the Old Testament and the New Testament, or, more accurately, the Old Covenant and the New Covenant (2 Cor 3:14).
Tithe “tenth” a tenth of the produce of the earth consecrated and set apart for special purposes. – The dedication of a tenth to God was recognized as a duty before the time of Moses. – Abraham paid tithes to Melchizedek (Gen 14:20; Heb 7:6) – Jacob vowed unto the Lord and said, "Of all that thou shalt give me I will surely give the tenth unto thee."
Worship Honor, reverence, homage, in thought, feeling, or act, paid to men, angels, or other "spiritual" beings, and figuratively to other entities, ideas, powers or qualities, but specifically and supremely to Deity.
Elder Presbuteros “old age” A term used throughout the Bible but designating different ideas at various times in biblical history. The word may refer to age, experience, and authority, as well as specific leadership roles. In ancient times authority was given to older people with wider experience. These were often considered the most qualified to hold places of leadership.
Elder OT various uses: – Leaders associated with Moses in governing the nation of Israel (Ex. 3:16; 24:1). – After the settlement in Canaan they were named "elders of Israel" or "of the land" (1 Sam 4:3; 1 Kings 20:7) or "of the tribes" (Deut 31:28) or "of the city," (Deut 19:12, compare Deut 16:18; Ruth 4:9,11).
Elder NT usage: – The word is used adjectivally to denote seniority (Luke 15:25; 1 Tim 5:2). – Referring to the Jewish elders of the synagogue, usually associated with the scribes and Pharisees, and New Testament passages cited in the previous article. – It denotes certain persons appointed to hold office in the Christian church, and to exercise spiritual oversight over the flock intrusted to them.
Faith “pistis” Subjective sense: denoting a moral and spiritual quality of individuals, by virtue of which men are held in relations of confidence in God and fidelity to Him. Objective sense: meaning the body of truth, moral and religious, which God has revealed-that which men believe. Helpful scriptures: – Heb. 11 – James 2
Bishop Episkopos- overseer, oversight Christ is figuratively called “the bishop (episcopos) of souls” (1 Pet. 2:25). In his work, the bishop was to oversee the flock of God, to shepherd his people, to protect them from enemies, and to teach, exhort, and encourage. He was to accomplish this primarily by being an example to his people. He was to do this willingly and with an eager spirit, not by coercion or for financial gain. To desire a position as bishop, the apostle Paul declared, was to desire a good work (1 Tim 3:1)