Presentation on theme: "Dr Annukka Lipponen UNESCO International Hydrological Programme Division of Water Sciences UNESCO’s International Hydrological Programme (IHP): overview."— Presentation transcript:
Dr Annukka Lipponen UNESCO International Hydrological Programme Division of Water Sciences UNESCO’s International Hydrological Programme (IHP): overview of some global activities and outlook into IHP-VII (2008-2013)
Water Interactions : Systems at Risk and Social Challenges Phase VI (2002-2007) International Hydrological Programme International Hydrological Programme of UNESCO Themes 1 Global changes and water resources 2 Integrated Watershed and Aquifer Dynamics 3 Land Habitat Hydrology 4 Water and Society 5 Water Education and Training
UNESCO-Water network UNESCO-IHP UNESCO-IHP UNESCO-IHE Institute for Water Education, Delft UNESCO-IHE Institute for Water Education, Delft Secretariat of the World Water Assessment Programme Secretariat of the World Water Assessment Programme Regional institutes/centres Regional institutes/centres UNESCO Chairs in Water UNESCO Chairs in Water IHP National Committees IHP National Committees
Division of Water Sciences International Hydrological Programme Intergovernmental programme The World Water Assessment programme Inter agency programme lead by UNESCO UNESCO-IHE Institute for Water Education 12 Category II water related centres Science, Policy advice Monitoring & assessment Water education & capacity building Improving cooperation in managing shared water resources; conflict prevention Training, capacity- building, research with thematic & regional focus
Hydrology for the Environment, Life and Policy http://www.unesco.org/water/ihp/help To deliver social, economic and environmental benefit to stakeholders through sustainable and appropriate use of water by directing hydrological science towards improved integrated catchment management basins Real peopleReal catchmentsReal answers
FRIEND and HELP Networks Evolving Operational Proposed Demonstration
Flow Regimes from International Experimental and Network Data (FRIEND) The FRIEND Project is an international collaborative project contributing to the IHP. The primary objective is to improve understanding of hydrological variability and similarity across time and space in order to develop hydrological science and practical design methods. The FRIEND Project is an international collaborative project contributing to the IHP. The primary objective is to improve understanding of hydrological variability and similarity across time and space in order to develop hydrological science and practical design methods.
UNESCO addressing hydrological extremes: knowledge base and capacity for prediction, adaptation and mitigation IFI: International Flood Initiative International Centre for Water Hazard and Risk Management under the auspices of UNESCO (UNESCO-ICHARM, Tsukuba, Japan) IIASA
Specific groundwater issues further complicated by the transboundary dimension: - Scientific (delineation of aquifer boundaries, quantification of available resources, monitoring and modelling) - Human ( political, administrative, economic and social constraints, allocations) -Financial (polluter pays; price of water; who pays, how much and to whom? -Sovereignty - Security (conflict resolution) Multi disciplinary integrated approach The ISARM Programme:
ISARM 2002: Regional inventories and center initiative ISARM 2002: Regional inventories and center initiative The ISARM Project- Launch of Regional Inventories -Links & synergies with parallel activities established - Partners: UNECE, IAH, FAO, OAS, UNESCWA, OSS ( an example of successful cooperation among UN Agencies, IGOs, NGOs, Scientific International Associations) 15 th Session IHP Council Resolution N 10 Regional Center for the Management of Shared Groundwater Resources Under the Auspices of UNESCO and WMO. Offer presented by the Government of Libya and endorsed by the Executive Board of UNESCO in 2007 after a feasibility study
UNESCO - OAS ISARM of the AMERICAS 60 transboundary aquifers inventoried ◄ Physiography, Demography & Water Use ◄ Geological Setting of Aquifer ◄ Water Quantity & Quality ◄ Importance and need for TBA ◄ TBA cooperation ◄ References ◄ Authors Standardised Characterisation of a Transboundary Aquifers:
Meta Information Module link to info source attribute values Global overview document info International Groundwater Resources Assessment Centre (Netherlands) host ISARM data, provides information and related services
WHYMAP Transboundary Aquifer Systems BGR / UNESCO 2006 1:25 000 000
From Potential Conflict to Co-operation Potential Water for Peace a contribution to World Water Assessment Programme
UNESCO - GRAPHIC project Groundwater Resources Assessment under the Pressures of Humanity and Climate Change VISION: GRAPHIC promotes and advances sustainable groundwater management in the face of climate change and linked human impacts.
Groundwater Resources Assessment under the Pressures of Humanity and Climate Change (GRAPHIC) UNESCO IGRAC GWSP
UNESCO Water Portal www.unesco.org/water www.unesco.org/water
MAIN LINE OF ACTION 1 Water dependencies: systems under stress and societal responses IHP VII 2008-2013 is a negotiated text- 82 countries have participated actively in its formulation Consultations with the IHP National Committees have been undertaken since: February and June 2004, April 2005, April 2006, July 2006 20 regional consultations-The IHP National Committees had also the opportunity to comment during the regional meetings coordinated by the IHP regional hydrologists.
Governance - take water sciences to society & policy makers The science should advance understanding of the water interdependencies, global changes and alleviate the stresses in water related systems Hydrology should assist in the developing societal responses to the stressed environment Biennial sectoral priority 1: 1- Promoting research and capacity building for the sound management of natural resources Water Dependencies: Systems under Stress and Societal Responses Priority AFRICA –water and sustainable development in developing countries Biennial sectoral priority 2 : Fostering policies and capacity building in science, technology and innovation, with special emphasis on the basic sciences and energy – MLA 4, 5 Biennial sectoral priority 3 : Contributing to disaster preparedness and mitigation- MLA 6
INTERDEPENDENCIES SOCIETALRESPONSES STRESS HYDROLOGICAL CYCLE ECONOMY ECOLOGY CLIMATE VARIABILITY QUALITY OF LIFE & ECOSYSTEM SERVICES
ACTION 5 Water Education for sustainable development ACTION 4: WATER AND LIFE SUPPORT SYSTEMS- ACTION 3: ECOHYDROLOGY FOR SUSTAINABILITY ACTION 2: STRENGTHENING WATER GOVERNANCE FOR SUSTAINABILITY Education, UN DESD- Transfer of knowledge, Capacity building Hydrological Research Water Resources Management PC-CP, ISI, IFI ISARM, G-WADI IHP Cross-cutting Programmes HELP / FRIEND Cooperation within the Science Sector & Intersectoral Activities Education Culture Social-Sciences Cooperation with the UN Water System and other Partners ACTION 1: ADAPTING TO THE IMPACTS OF GLOBAL CHANGES ON RIVER BASINS AND AQUIFER SYSTEMS UNWWAP-WWDR Water Dependencies: Systems under Stress and Societal Responses UN MDG UN Water for Life
ACTION 1: ADAPTING TO THE IMPACTS OF GLOBAL CHANGES ON RIVER BASINS AND AQUIFER SYSTEMS Activities - Global changes and feedback mechanisms of hydrological processes in stressed systems - Climate change impacts on the hydrological cycle and consequent impact on water resources - Hydro-hazards, hydrological extremes and water-related disasters - Managing groundwater systems’ response to global changes - Global change and climate variability in arid and semi-arid regions ACTION 2: STRENGTHENING WATER GOVERNANCE FOR SUSTAINABILITY Activities - Cultural, societal and scientific responses to the crises in water governance - Capacity development for improved governance; enhanced legislation for wise of water resources - Governance strategies that enhance affordability and assure financing - Managing water as a shared responsibility across geographical & social boundaries - Addressing the multiple demands on basin-wide water resources ACTION 3: ECOHYDROLOGY FOR SUSTAINABILITY Activities -Ecological measures to protect and remediate catchments process - Improving ecosystem quality and services by combining structural solutions with ecological biotechnologies -Risk-based environmental management and accounting -Groundwater-dependent ecosystems identification, inventory and assessment
ACTION 4: WATER AND LIFE SUPPORT SYSTEMS Activities - Protecting water quality for sustainable livelihoods and poverty alleviation - Augmenting scarce water resources especially in SIDS - Achieving sustainable urban water management - Achieving sustainable rural water management ACTION 5: WATER EDUCATION FOR SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT Activities - Education for communities of social learning - Education for schools, universities & academia; and capacity building of teachers - Education for vocational training - Education for communities and mass media professional to enhance sustainable water management UNESCO IHE, IHP Category 2 Centers, Chairs - networking coordination strategy established- Close cooperation with Education Sector Action 6- World Water Development Report- Enhanced knowledge of the world’s freshwater resources- third edition WWDR 2009
Two-dimensional strategy for the IMPLEMENTATION GLOBAL LEVEL Mainstream of the IHP-VII activities REGIONAL LEVEL Co-operation of regional groupings of NC quantification of uncertain global impacts developing of general approach to WRM possible co-ordination of World-wide activities strengthening issues linking hydrology to governance adapting of the general IHP-VII approaches for solving regional issues IHP VII
Strengthening of the role of the IHP Centres and UNESCO Chairs 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 1313 1010 1111 1212 1414 24 15 1616 1717 18 19 20 2121 2222
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