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Partnership Security Stability UNITED STATES AFRICA COMMAND The overall classification of this presentation is UNCLASSIFIED AFCEA-TechNet Europe 2008 MG.

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Presentation on theme: "Partnership Security Stability UNITED STATES AFRICA COMMAND The overall classification of this presentation is UNCLASSIFIED AFCEA-TechNet Europe 2008 MG."— Presentation transcript:

1 Partnership Security Stability UNITED STATES AFRICA COMMAND The overall classification of this presentation is UNCLASSIFIED AFCEA-TechNet Europe 2008 MG Buz Altshuler Prague, CZ 16 October 2008

2 Partnership-Security-StabilityUnited States Africa Command 2 Africa’s Size and Diversity 11.7 million square miles About 3-1/2 times the size of the Continental United States 53 states 888 million people (14% of Earth pop.) Over 800 ethnic groups and 1000 languages Dakar to Mogadishu = 4365 miles Chicago to Honolulu = 4250 miles Tunis to Cape Town = 4885 miles New York to Moscow = 4674 miles

3 Partnership-Security-StabilityUnited States Africa Command 3 A Diverse African Environment Security Challenges –Terrorism & Extremism –Piracy and Trafficking –Non-Professional / Irregular Militaries –Ethnic Strife –Undergoverned Areas Opportunities –Rapidly growing economies –Increasing democratization –Emerging regional security and economic communities –Growing political will to confront challenges

4 Partnership-Security-StabilityUnited States Africa Command 4 Interagency Leaders Special Staff Commander USAFRICOM Deputy to the Commander Civ-Mil Activities Deputy to the Commander for Military Ops C4 SystemsOutreach Intelligence & Knowledge Development Operations & Logistics Strategy, Plans & Programs Resources Senior Enlisted Leader Chief of Staff Office of Shared Services Director Dep. Director Director Dep. Director Director Dep. Director Director Dep. Director Director Dep. Director Dir. Plans Dir. Programs Senior Development Advisor Foreign Policy Advisor OFDA Rep. DHS Rep. Treasury Rep.

5 Partnership-Security-StabilityUnited States Africa Command 5 U.S. Africa Command Mission Statement United States Africa Command, in concert with other U.S. Government agencies and international partners, conducts sustained security engagement through military-to-military programs, military-sponsored activities, and other military operations as directed to promote a stable and secure African environment in support of U.S. foreign policy. Our focus is to build the capacity of our African partners to: Reduce conflict Improve security Defeat violent extremism Support crisis response

6 Partnership-Security-StabilityUnited States Africa Command 6 Offices of Security Cooperation (OSCs) AFRICOM Liaison Officers OEF-TS Security Assistance Officers Combined Joint Task Force – Horn of Africa (CJTF-HOA) Bilateral Assistance Officers Defense Attaché Officers w/o an OSC Liaison officer in Southern Sudan Our Team in Africa CJTF-HOA Country Coordination Element Maritime Assistance Officers

7 Partnership-Security-StabilityUnited States Africa Command 7 Our Approach Build Partner Security Capacity Build Partner Security Capacity Provide Crisis Response Provide Crisis Response Conduct Civil- Military Activities to Foster Stability Persistent, Sustained Level of Effort Oriented on Preventing Conflict… Supporting USG Efforts to Encourage Dialogue and Development …to Enable the Work of Africans Promote Strategic Relationships Promote Strategic Relationships

8 Partnership-Security-StabilityUnited States Africa Command 8 Committed for the Long Term Maintaining a persistent level of effort across Programs Communication Equipping Education Activities Sustainment Employment Foreign military sales or grants, and training Listening and Learning – Building Trust and Confidence Instilling professionalism among officers and NCOs Training, exercises and building the training base Enabling the work of Africans! Build sustainment capacity, cross-service agreements

9 Partnership-Security-StabilityUnited States Africa Command 9 Our Strategy in Practice Africa Partnership Station (APS) Request Requirement Implement Communicate Assess Gulf of Guinea Ministerials Cotonou, Benin – Nov 2006 West African states seek to improve maritime security APS deploys – conducts events requested by partners Follow-Up Listen to Partners: New Requirements? Continue Program? Extend Program to Other Domains? Announcement of APS in Washington DC How well executed? How well did it meet partner needs?

10 Partnership-Security-StabilityUnited States Africa Command 10 Themes –Maritime Security and Safety are vital to regional prosperity –US and partners are committed to enabling African solutions –Building trust through transparency and collaboration Successful Development –Coalition support –NGO participation USS Fort McHenry: Nov 07 – Apr 08 Africa Partnership Station (APS) Ghana Gabon Angola Sao Tome & Principe Cameroon HSV Swift: Jan 08 –Jun 08

11 Partnership-Security-StabilityUnited States Africa Command 11 4/27/2015 Partners a U.S. state’s National Guard with an African partner for training, exercise, and relationship building State Partnership Program Utah -- Morocco Since 2003 Wyoming -- Tunisia Since 2004 Vermont -- Senegal In-Progress since April 2007 N. Dakota -- Ghana Since 2004 California -- Nigeria Since 2006 N. Carolina -- Botswana In-Progress since April 2007 New York -- South Africa Since 2003

12 Partnership-Security-StabilityUnited States Africa Command 12 Peacekeeping Africa Contingency Operations Training and Assistance (ACOTA) program The US has been training African peacekeepers through ACOTA (or ACRI) since 1997 Enhances existing African peace keeping capabilities Focuses on infantry skills, humanitarian operations, human rights, and rules of engagement in peacekeeping scenarios Trains approximately 20 battalions a year

13 Partnership-Security-StabilityUnited States Africa Command 13 $209M over four years to create a new Liberian army by 2008 ~ 2000 soldiers to be trained Brigade HQ, 2 infantry battalions, MP company, band Contractor-provided training, AFRICOM-provided mentors Provides all training, equipment, and infrastructure construction AFRICOM commitment: 3 years UN Mission in Liberia (since Sep 03) Mission: To provide security for country of Liberia $714.9M for UN FY06 ~ 17,000 total personnel 90 fatalities Liberia Security Sector Reform

14 Partnership-Security-StabilityUnited States Africa Command 14 Maritime Security Goals: Improved maritime domain awareness Enhanced African regional maritime security and regional cooperation Reduced piracy and “freedom of action” of traffickers and terrorists Illegal fishing is countered Enhanced sovereignty and security AFRICOM actions: Ship visits and maritime training Provision of equipment Boats, Coastal Radars, and Automated Identification Systems (AIS)

15 Partnership-Security-StabilityUnited States Africa Command 15 Air Security Broad expanses of “ungoverned airspace” AFRICOM, through 17 th Air Force, supports USG “Safe Skies for Africa” program Goal is to improve radar coverage and air traffic control over Africa Presently, radar coverage is limited Costs of “ungoverned” airspace Potential for trafficking Poor air safety Reduction in economic potential

16 Partnership-Security-StabilityUnited States Africa Command 16 Counter-Terrorism OEF-Trans-Sahara is AFRICOM’s effort to: Build regional capacity Promote interoperability Strengthen Inter-regional cooperation in the trans-Sahara region Trans-Sahara Counter Terrorism Partnership (TSCTP) is the US Department of State program in these same nations

17 Partnership-Security-StabilityUnited States Africa Command 17 Other Theater Security Cooperation Programs Military Education promoting professionalism, enhancing capacity International Military Education and Training (IMET) Combating Terrorism Fellowship Program (CTFP ) Training and Equipping enhancing security capacity Foreign Military Finance (FMF) Military to Military Engagement (M2M)

18 Partnership-Security-StabilityUnited States Africa Command 18 Other Theater Security Cooperation Programs (2) Programs Relating to National Defense Authorization Act Section 1206 programs Section 1207 programs Civil-Military Programs helping prevent conflict Humanitarian Mine Action (HMA) DoD HIV/AIDS Prevention Program (DHAPP )

19 Partnership-Security-StabilityUnited States Africa Command 19 Partnership Development Goal: To build on regional relationships with African Union and sub-regional organizations AFRICOM supports regional cooperation and coalition development through conferences and workshops

20 Partnership Security Stability UNITED STATES AFRICA COMMAND The overall classification of this presentation is UNCLASSIFIED AFCEA-TechNet Europe 2008 MG Buz Altshuler Prague, CZ 16 October 2008


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