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Libraries and the Web 2005: Bridging Platforms to Build Context Terence K. Huwe Director of Library and Information Resources Institute of Industrial Relations.

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Presentation on theme: "Libraries and the Web 2005: Bridging Platforms to Build Context Terence K. Huwe Director of Library and Information Resources Institute of Industrial Relations."— Presentation transcript:

1 Libraries and the Web 2005: Bridging Platforms to Build Context Terence K. Huwe Director of Library and Information Resources Institute of Industrial Relations University of California, Berkeley

2 AusWeb05 | Terence K. Huwe Overview Libraries and their Webs: “diverse, information ecologies” Understanding “research” as a driving force in library Web design Access and Usability challenges Relationships between elements within the library ecology –Library collections, visual collections and online catalogues –Digital Repositories and archives, “Dim” and “Dark” Archives –Blogs, Wikis and emerging display technologies What we might expect in the near term

3 AusWeb05 | Terence K. Huwe Libraries Have Always Been Diverse, Information Ecologies Nardi, Bonnie. Information Ecologies: Using Technology With Heart. Cambridge, MA, MIT Press, 1999 The “online” and digital eras have dealt librarians many wonderful opportunities to extend their influence –Taxonomy, Usability, Access Engineering, Knowledge Management, Information Counsel —not a new paradigm among them

4 AusWeb05 | Terence K. Huwe But the Web Has Fundamentally Affected the Research Process Even so, research remains an “organic” process— defined and driven by human interaction Librarians view the Web as new terrain for the human interaction that defines research The challenge: How to make digital libraries “lively” The focus: Content and Access The goal: To ensure that the Web supports the organic process of research—which is a creative process The Caveat: Remembering that the Web itself is a technical platform in constant transition

5 AusWeb05 | Terence K. Huwe A Research Focus Calls for Different Design Strategies Than E- Commerce and the Commercial Side of the Web E-Commerce’s usability record is good and improving—at a fast pace The marketplace is not the best testbed –classrooms and reference desks tell the real story Users approaching deep knowledge bases require different kinds of help

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7 Digital Library Education Fosters A Bias for Contextual Thinking “The true gift of a library education is the ability to sleuth out the patterns in knowledge resources, market forces, or societal trends that no one else can see.” Huwe, “Building Digital Libraries” Column Computers in Libraries, September And continue to teach that ability to users

8 AusWeb05 | Terence K. Huwe So What Are We Doing? Web design is advancing on many fronts: –Enterprise portals with subject “rooms” and personalization features –RSS, Blogging, Web-based Teaching –Instructional applications are flourishing –Linking “Built” content with “licensed” content –Digital archiving solutions with very broad appeal Collaboration with museum and other visual collections Studying user populations Recognizing that the Web is the place where students often begin a search Training teaching faculty how to manage

9 AusWeb05 | Terence K. Huwe Librarians Are Also Building Relationships With New Partners Librarians have been change agents in the debate about scholarly communications, cost and media choices for scholarship Librarians and faculty are beginning to evaluate the academic “reward” system in light of the information marketplace The Result: wider recognition of the importance of the relationships surrounding Web resources Commercial-academic ventures (like Google Print) are gaining momentum 100 U.S. research libraries reached agreement with Google Scholar to improve linking to licensed collections

10 AusWeb05 | Terence K. Huwe The University of California Libraries: Digital Strategies UC is big enough to influence the profession and the marketplace, and the University favors partnerships with other institutions As a digital library testbed, much can be learned within the UC community—and shared Some Highlights: Repositories (working papers & postprints), museum collections, e-journals, print borrowing, e-metrics for instructional activities

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32 Keeping Track of Teaching “E-Metrics” is replacing reporting on collection size, volume count, etc Library-based teaching is gaining in importance, and the faculty support it The Web has many impacts on pedagogy, and information professionals have a crucial role in training

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34 Subject Specialty Libraries Run Robust Web Sites The Institute of Industrial Relations: four million unique downloads per year A mix of original content, program news and research guides A new emphasis on Blogging for current news, events and publications Library-managed for 12 years

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49 Comment on the Impact of Blogs on the Press: Jay Rosen, Chair of the Department of Journalism, NYU: “The old system was, ‘Here’s our news; take it or leave it’…Now, sovereignty over the story is shifting.” --New York Times, Thursday, April 1, 2004, p E3

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52 Near-Term Challenges for Digital Libraries Commercial relationships are in flux—it’s a dynamic time for “Scholarly Communications” The print “legacy” will not disappear—and will continue to be a fiscal challenge. “Dim” or Dark Archives” may provide durable solutions Blogs, Wikis and other interactive tools will be pervasive Mobile technologies are a new frontier A continued focus on core values will set the course forward—user focus, finding tools, interactive technologies

53 AusWeb05 | Terence K. Huwe Scholarly Communications: A Priority for Academic Librarians The debate about the continuum of scholarly communications has become very exciting--and research faculty are paying attention Scholarly communications may be instrumental in setting future trends for ownership, “attention”, and how communities of practice interact on the Web

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55 SPARC on Open Access Repositories, E-journals and Visual Collections “…digital publishing and networking technologies, harnessed by an increasingly dissatisfied library market—as well as by the authors themselves— are now driving fundamental changes…new communications paradigms, especially when constructed by the scholars themselves, can eliminate seemingly insurmountable publisher advantages in relatively short order.”

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59 More Near-Term Challenges for Digital Libraries The print “legacy:” “Dim” and “Dark” Archives--but lively spaces on campus Content and Context must encompass the whole of the information ecology—both print and digital

60 AusWeb05 | Terence K. Huwe Key Trends for “Print Plus Digital” Libraries The physical library is experiencing a renaissance as a study zone That study zone is populated with books –But also with WiFi hot spots, 24/7 access, espresso cafes and loafing space-- a diverse context Grand library spaces, like Berkeley’s, are being redesigned as livelier “commons” areas In many U.S. communities, library card registrations are at an all time high —70% of the voting population of San Francisco has library borrowing privileges

61 AusWeb05 | Terence K. Huwe Google Isn’t Pursuing Everything--Yet High volume digitization projects (like government documents) are local priorities –Lost and “fugitive” resources still go missing Look for robust, well-articulated negotiations between U.S. universities and firms like Google Academic-commercial partnerships are probably the best antidote to “Google Creep” –Marketplace, National Public Radio, June 10, 2005

62 AusWeb05 | Terence K. Huwe Bleeding Edge Technologies of Collaboration Have Vast Potential Pocket Projectors —small and less costly –water particle display Flexible, “Sprayable” Displays—light emitting polymers Immersive Environments (Teleimmersion) --HP’s “virtual meeting room” is built around plasma displays, but the next generation is further out Digital Libraries must preserve a research context that will maximize the research potential of these new technologies—a major challenge, culturally and technically

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64 Conclusions Library “skill” in information architecture has come of age—but maintaining “context” is a challenge Durable collaborative relationships are beginning to influence the marketplace for research “Print-plus-digital” is still building community on campuses The future may be far more mobile than we can guess The recent record ( ) of focusing on contextual spaces that support research has been creative, and successful Future success relies heavily on robust partnerships with faculty, publishers, and other stakeholders

65 Libraries and the Web 2005: Bridging Platforms to Build Context Terence K. Huwe Director of Library and Information Resources Institute of Industrial Relations University of California, Berkeley


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