5Compromise of 1850 Admit California as a free state Divide Mexican Cession into Utah and New Mexico - allow settlers to decide on slavery via Popular SovereigntyBan slave trade in D.C. (Whites still own slavesAdopt new, rigorously enforced Fugitive Slave Law
7Harriet Beecher Stowe (1811 – 1896) So this is the lady who started the Civil War Abraham Lincoln
8Uncle Tom’s Cabin 1852 Sold 300,000 copies in the first year. 2 million in a decade!
9Uncle Tom Theater Poster What impact might this poster have on northerners who rejected abolitionism?In what ways would it have spurred northern loathing of the white South?How might it have encouraged northerners to think of slavery and slaveholders as threats not just to Uncle Tom but to the American republic itself?Uncle Tom Theater Poster
11Kansas-Nebraska Act (1854) Senator Stephen Douglas of Illinois proposed that these two new territories employ popular sovereigntyDouglas needed the territories organized b/c of his interests ($) in the transcontinental RR developmentPopular Sovereignty - proposed to win Southern Congressional votes
18Failure to CompromiseThe nation faced major issues in 1820 (Missouri), 1833 (Tariffs) and 1850 (California)Each time a compromise created peace between the North and SouthBy the mid 1850’s though, no compromise seemed possibleWrite down 3 reasons why the North and South had drifted too far apart at this time. (ESPM)
201857 Dred Scott v. Sandford ruling the Court held that slaves were not citizensthat living in a free state did not make a former slave freethat Congress had no power to ban slavery anywhere.What compromise is declared unconstitutional?Why would this decision cause the North to be outraged?Why would the South be delighted?
21Panic of 1857 Hurt the North, South relatively unaffected Gave the South a false sense of security. How?
22The Lincoln-Douglas (Illinois Senate) Debates, 1858 A House divided against itself, cannot stand.
23The Freeport DoctrineLincoln asked Douglas“ How can you reconcile Dred Scott and popular sovereignty?”Douglas responded“Slavery could not exist in a community if the local citizens did not pass and enforce slave codes for maintaining it.”Angered Southern Democrats
27Republican Party Platform in 1860 Non-extension of slavery [for the Free-Soilers.]Protective tariff [for the No. Industrialists].No abridgment of rights for immigrants [a disappointment for the “Know-Nothings”].Government aid to build a Pacific RR [for the Northwest].Internal improvements [for the West] at federal expense.Free homesteads for the public domain [for farmers].
38Which event was the key?Which of the following events do you think was the key event that led to the Civil War?Kansas-Nebraska Act, Dred Scott decision,John Brown’s Raid, Election of Abraham LincolnWhich was the “Point of No Return”Create a tweet which supports your choice.
39I'm not sure if i should purchase louisiana I'm not sure if i should purchase louisiana. I don't know if its legal, but whatevs imma do it anyways cause its a lot of land.tom_the_jefferson