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Presentation 15 SOAP on the Microsoft Platform (.NET)

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1 Presentation 15 SOAP on the Microsoft Platform (.NET)

2 Ingeniørhøjskolen i Århus Slide 2 af 29 Outline You have already been introduced to SOAP, WSDL & UDDI on the JAVA platform using AXIS Now we will take a look at the MS. NET platforms SOAP capabilities Luckily – SOAP & WSDL are well standardized – so we do not need to look at these again Instead we will: –Show the counterpart of the AXIS project in.NET - IIS –Show the alternatives to JAVA development – using the tools from.NET framework & Microsoft Visual Studio.NET

3 Ingeniørhøjskolen i Århus Slide 3 af 29 Apache Tomcat vs. Microsoft Internet Information Server Apache Tomcat with AXIS & J2SE Java SDK –Works on: Windows, UNIX, LINUX Open source Can be compiled to any platform (with some work) –Server listening for events: HTTP on port 80 (test http 8080 at startup) Executes Servlets/JSP and JavaBeans –AXIS is an embedded project within the Tomcat environment but works with most J2EE compliant AS Microsoft Internet Information Server with the.NET Framework SDK (ASP.NET) –Works on: Only Windows platforms (Windows NT, 2000, XP) –Server listening for events: HTTP on port 80 (optional) Executes Web resources – ASP.NET, Web services, Web forms (resulting in client side HTML ),.NET code –Tightly integrated with the Visual Studio.NET – for easy deployment & debugging SOAP Client Java, C++, C#, Delphi, VB Application SOAP Client Java, C++, C#, Delphi, VB Application SOAP over HTTP Web Server MS Internet Information Server & the.NET Framework SDK (ASP.NET) (vs. Apache Tomcat, with AXIS & J2SE SDK) Web Server MS Internet Information Server & the.NET Framework SDK (ASP.NET) (vs. Apache Tomcat, with AXIS & J2SE SDK) Web Forms Web Forms Web Service Web Service C++ unman. C++ unman. Managed code Managed code Common code base – but only MS!

4 Ingeniørhøjskolen i Århus Slide 4 af 29 Web service enabling Windows You need to: –Install.NET Framework SDK Download from Microsoft (130 MB) Comes standard with Visual Studio 2003.NET –Install Internet Information Server Enabled via the Control Panel Remember to shut down after using!!! –Visual Studio.NET Already installed (7 or 7.1) More detailed instructions will follow for the LAB exercise

5 Ingeniørhøjskolen i Århus Slide 5 af 29 Not a Windows.NET course You will NOT be required to be an expert on.NET You will be required to be knowledgeable about it History: –Open source, Java, Linux the WWW threatened MS –Especially Java was gaining widespread support amongst developers for its ease of use, productivity and heterogeneity –The Empire Strikes back = the.NET Framework

6 Ingeniørhøjskolen i Århus Slide 6 af 29 Benefits of.NET Changes EVERYTHING –Takes all that was nice in Java and enhances it –End of DLL incompatibilities, DLL Hell, COM registry hell –Enter world of VM’s and Java like code (C#) including Garbage collection – BUT with easy support for legacy umanaged code (e.g. C++ for speed) and COM –Performs much better than Java, and almost equivalent with Win32 C++ applications –Still only support Microsoft operating systems BUT –.NET and C# is ECMA standard: Mono (www.go-mono.org) for Linux is being developedwww.go-mono.org –IIOP.NET (http://iiop-net.sourceforge.net/index.html) for CORBA interophttp://iiop-net.sourceforge.net/index.html

7 Ingeniørhøjskolen i Århus Slide 7 af 29 The.NET Framework Components Win32 MessageQueuingCOM+ (Transactions, Partitions, Object Pooling) IISWMI Common Language Runtime.NET Framework Class Library ADO.NET and XML XML Web Services User Interface Visual Basic C++C#PerlJScript… Application services. E.g. IIS, Message Queuing etc. CLR:runtime execution environment. Equlas JVM of Java. Microsoft Intermediate Language (MSIL) equals Java ByteCode A collection of class libraries (over 9000) wraps Win32 like Java API ActiveX Data Objects 3 types of user interfaces: Web forms, Windows forms (Win32), Command Console For inter-process communications Any language conforming to the Common Language Specification (CLS) may be used. Source code Source code Compiler Intermediate Language Intermediate Language.NET Framework.NET Framework Other IL libraries Other IL libraries Linker Linked Program Linked Program JIT-compiler Executable Program Executable Program JIT-compiler only runs first time! Here we find the.NET Remoting libraries

8 Ingeniørhøjskolen i Århus Slide 8 af 29 Benefits of Using the.NET Framework Based on Web standards and practices Functionality of.NET classes is universally available Code is organized into hierarchical namespaces and classes Language independent Windows API ASP.NET Framework 1980’s 1990’s2000’s Visual Basic MFC/ATL

9 Ingeniørhøjskolen i Århus Slide 9 af 29 Visual Studio.NET: The Tool for.NET Development Visual Studio.NET Windows Forms Tools Web Forms Tools Error Handling Data Access Multiple Languages Web Services Tools DevelopDebugDeployDesign

10 Ingeniørhøjskolen i Århus Slide 10 af 29 Multiple Language Support The.NET Framework is designed to support many languages –More than 20 languages currently supported –Microsoft provides Visual Basic.NET, C#, Visual J#.NET, and JScript.NET (backwards compatible with JScript) – others: Delphi (object pascal) Benefits of multiple-language support –Code modules are reusable –API access is the same for all languages –The right language is used for the right task –Performance is roughly equal between all languages (which was not the case in ASP)

11 Ingeniørhøjskolen i Århus Slide 11 af 29 The Common Language Runtime One runtime for all. NET-Based Languages Manages threads and memory –Garbage collection Enforces code security Eliminates DLL versioning problems –Multiple versions of a DLL can run simultaneously –Applications can specify a version of a DLL to use Reminds one of the Java Virtual Machine

12 Ingeniørhøjskolen i Århus Slide 12 af 29 Runtime Compilation and Execution Native code C# code Visual Basic.NET code Which language? A Basic.NET compiler C# compiler MSIL JIT compiler Web form (default.aspx) or Web service (default.asmx) Runtime HTML / SOAP

13 Ingeniørhøjskolen i Århus Slide 13 af 29 Ressources for learning more Feel free to learn more about ASP.NET: –Getting started with the.NET framework –http://msdn.microsoft.com/library/default.asp?url=/library/en- us/cpguide/html/cpcongettingstartedwithnetframework.asphttp://msdn.microsoft.com/library/default.asp?url=/library/en- us/cpguide/html/cpcongettingstartedwithnetframework.asp –Link can be found at the course site –Books on the subject Beginning.NET Web Services using C# by Joseph Bustos and Karli Watsom (WROK forlag) More will be listed on the course site Other relevant courses at IHA: –Windows programming (WIN1) –Komponent baseret udvikling (KPU1)

14 Ingeniørhøjskolen i Århus Slide 14 af 29 Making the HelloWorld application Using Notepad ! Using Microsoft Visual Studio.NET First: –Install.NET Framework –Install IIS Then: –Produce code Manually for Notepad Wizard for Visual Studio –Deploy in the IIS folder \inetpub\wwwroot\ As an.asmx file –Test the Web service Using the build in functionality –Write the Client – and all is well

15 Ingeniørhøjskolen i Århus Slide 15 af 29 C# Notepad HelloWorld Name(missing): identifies localname of service Namespace: the default namespace for the service Description: a purely descriptive text information WebService processing directive for the ASP.NET environment, e.g. class & language info WebService Attribute, for configuration “behind the scenes” programming WebMethod Attribute: indicates that the following method is to be exposed as a Web Service method (only public methods are allowed of course). Allowed properties: -BufferResponse, CacheDuration, Description, EnableSession, MessageName, TransactionOption

16 Ingeniørhøjskolen i Århus Slide 16 af 29 Using Visual Studio (managed C++) Wizards Available: for Managed C++ (see below example VB and C# Code-behind: generates.asmx file and code behind (e.g..cpp in C++ or.cs in C#)

17 Ingeniørhøjskolen i Århus Slide 17 af 29 Deploy & Test – access via browser IIS test : supports viewing WSDL & code testing via browser WSDL: using ?WSDL SOAP request & test: small test program generated

18 Ingeniørhøjskolen i Århus Slide 18 af 29 Developing the Client application Support for using Web services in an Visual Studio application Stubs are automatically compiled by Visual Studio using the “Add Web Reference” function OR You may simply use command line tools Note on command line usage: If you do not wish to use Visual Studio IDE you may use the tool via the command line: wsdl "http://localhost/hello.asmx" /out:hello.cs This will produce the hello.cs file which must be compiled as a DLL (using the C#.NET compiler) csc hello.cs /t:library /out:hello.dll /r:System.Web.Service.dll /r:System.Xml.dll Note on command line usage: If you do not wish to use Visual Studio IDE you may use the tool via the command line: wsdl "http://localhost/hello.asmx" /out:hello.cs This will produce the hello.cs file which must be compiled as a DLL (using the C#.NET compiler) csc hello.cs /t:library /out:hello.dll /r:System.Web.Service.dll /r:System.Xml.dll See example at: See example at:

19 Ingeniørhøjskolen i Århus Slide 19 af 29 New Application & Add Web Reference Add Web Reference: Visual Studio support for generating a proxy using WSDL document

20 Ingeniørhøjskolen i Århus Slide 20 af 29 Discover & bind the Web service Add Web Reference: Just enter the Web service endpoint address

21 Ingeniørhøjskolen i Århus Slide 21 af 29 Visual Studio produces a Proxy DLL Performed by Visual Studio tool: a DLL is generated (Web Service Proxy Generator), and a header file and a WSDL support document is made available

22 Ingeniørhøjskolen i Århus Slide 22 af 29 Proxy class DLL DLL is generated by Visual Studio The generated Proxy class derives from System.Web.Service.Protocols.SoapHttpClientProtocol It contains the following properties –ClientCertificates allows clients to pass Authenticode X.509 v.3 certificates –CookieContainer for handling state –Credentials for authentication purposes –PreAuthenticate saves the roundtrip by sending credentials first –Proxy use this property if you need to pass a proxy –Timeout default milisseconds – may be set for infinite –Url from the location attribut of the service used

23 Ingeniørhøjskolen i Århus Slide 23 af 29 using System.Diagnostics; using System.Xml.Serialization; using System; using System.Web.Services.Protocols; using System.ComponentModel; using System.Web.Services; /// [System.Diagnostics.DebuggerStepThroughAttribute()] [System.ComponentModel.DesignerCategoryAttribute("code")] [System.Web.Services.WebServiceBindingAttribute(Name="HelloWorldSoap", Namespace="http://www.wagner.dk/webservices")] public class HelloWorld : System.Web.Services.Protocols.SoapHttpClientProtocol { public HelloWorld() { this.Url = "http:// /hello.asmx"; } [System.Web.Services.Protocols.SoapDocumentMethodAttribute("http://www.wagner.dk/webservices/Hello", RequestNamespace="http://www.wagner.dk/webservices", ResponseNamespace="http://www.wagner.dk/webservices", Use=System.Web.Services.Description.SoapBindingUse.Literal, ParameterStyle=System.Web.Services.Protocols.SoapParameterStyle.Wrapped)] public string Hello(string myName) { object[] results = this.Invoke("Hello", new object[] { myName}); return ((string)(results[0])); } public System.IAsyncResult BeginHello(string myName, System.AsyncCallback callback, object asyncState) { return this.BeginInvoke("Hello", new object[] { myName}, callback, asyncState); } public string EndHello(System.IAsyncResult asyncResult) { object[] results = this.EndInvoke(asyncResult); return ((string)(results[0])); } using System.Diagnostics; using System.Xml.Serialization; using System; using System.Web.Services.Protocols; using System.ComponentModel; using System.Web.Services; /// [System.Diagnostics.DebuggerStepThroughAttribute()] [System.ComponentModel.DesignerCategoryAttribute("code")] [System.Web.Services.WebServiceBindingAttribute(Name="HelloWorldSoap", Namespace="http://www.wagner.dk/webservices")] public class HelloWorld : System.Web.Services.Protocols.SoapHttpClientProtocol { public HelloWorld() { this.Url = "http:// /hello.asmx"; } [System.Web.Services.Protocols.SoapDocumentMethodAttribute("http://www.wagner.dk/webservices/Hello", RequestNamespace="http://www.wagner.dk/webservices", ResponseNamespace="http://www.wagner.dk/webservices", Use=System.Web.Services.Description.SoapBindingUse.Literal, ParameterStyle=System.Web.Services.Protocols.SoapParameterStyle.Wrapped)] public string Hello(string myName) { object[] results = this.Invoke("Hello", new object[] { myName}); return ((string)(results[0])); } public System.IAsyncResult BeginHello(string myName, System.AsyncCallback callback, object asyncState) { return this.BeginInvoke("Hello", new object[] { myName}, callback, asyncState); } public string EndHello(System.IAsyncResult asyncResult) { object[] results = this.EndInvoke(asyncResult); return ((string)(results[0])); } The Proxy code generated by the WSDL Proxy generator

24 Ingeniørhøjskolen i Århus Slide 24 af 29 Write the C++ code

25 Ingeniørhøjskolen i Århus Slide 25 af 29 Try it out Not that much fun with command line … lets make a proper Windows solution

26 Ingeniørhøjskolen i Århus Slide 26 af 29 Piece of Cake – Now C# Add Web Reference: Again we use the Web service endpoint address with the “Add Web Reference” feature We add a button, a text field and a label. Clicking the button gives access to the event handler “OnClick” of the button Simple C# Windows Form Application:No point in producing another command line app

27 Ingeniørhøjskolen i Århus Slide 27 af 29 C# - coding the connection Using the Proxy DLL: We recognize the connection between the WSDL, the DLL and the C# client code

28 Ingeniørhøjskolen i Århus Slide 28 af 29 Heterogeneous system C# to Java Proxy DLL stub generated by VS Proxy skeleton class generated by AXIS // Hello World.Java public class HelloWorld { public HelloWorld() { } public String getHelloWorldMessage(String name) { return "Hello World to "+name; } private void button1_Click(object sender, System.EventArgs e) { localhost.HelloWorldService hello = new localhost.HelloWorldService(); textBox1.Text = hello.getHelloWorldMessage("Stefan"); } C# to Java Lets change it to our Axis Web service Add Web Reference: We need to generate a new Proxy DLL Other way around: and of course it also works the other way around Proxy: if we are not using.JWS deployment, we need to generate the skeleton classes in AXIS as well

29 Ingeniørhøjskolen i Århus Slide 29 af 29 Try it with C++ WARNING: In VS7 there seems to be a bug! –Problem with port 8080 –Need to manually paste the WSDL file and compile the proxy stub DLL –This works fine in C# –No problem in VS7.1


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