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Ch. 11 Summary (Americas) American societies during the post classical era remained isolated American civs. were marked by elaborate cultural systems,

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Presentation on theme: "Ch. 11 Summary (Americas) American societies during the post classical era remained isolated American civs. were marked by elaborate cultural systems,"— Presentation transcript:

1 Ch. 11 Summary (Americas) American societies during the post classical era remained isolated American civs. were marked by elaborate cultural systems, highly developed agriculture and large urban and political units Columbus’s mistaken designation of the natives of the Americas implies a nonexistent common identity The great diversity of cultures requires a concentration on a few major civs. The great imperial states of Mesoamerica (central Mexico) and the Andes, plus a few other independently developing peoples

2 Compare the imperial civilizations of the Andes and Mesoamerica Both were based on the long development of preceding civs. They represented the success of imperial and military organization and of extensive agricultural systems controlled by the state Older kinship groups had been transformed into a hierarchical system The nobility became state personnel Both reorganized local ethnic groups and political leaders in return for recognition of sovereignty Belief systems and cosmology were similar Each power had limited success against nomadic people of their frontiers Difference came from climate and geography Andes region was isolated Trade, markets and a merchant class was present in each, although they were more developed among the Aztecs The Incas lacked a writing system but had greater metallurgical skills Aztecs made extensive use human sacrifices

3 Compare the civs. of the Americas and Polynesia Both had a strong emphasis on clan-based societies A division of resources according to clans Lack of a writing system (at least among the Inca) Had strong animistic religions Emphasis on military (at least among the Maori) Lack of tech sophistication Absence of large mammals Lack of pastoral nomadism The practice of human sacrifice and ritual cannibalism Polynesians lacked imperial systems and monumental architecture, which were present in the Americas In the Americas the civs. were much larger and had a higher pop. density


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