Presentation on theme: "Unit 5: The Growing Nation Chapter 13: North and South Chapter 14: Age of Reform Chapter 15: Road to Civil War."— Presentation transcript:
1Unit 5: The Growing Nation Chapter 13: North and South Chapter 14: Age of Reform Chapter 15: Road to Civil War
2Chapter 13 & 14 Vocab and Art Smart Terms AbolitionistDiscriminationFamineNativistOverseerSlave CodeUnderground RailroadFugitiveSecedePopular SovereigntyDuring the mid-1800s, what were 4 ways in which the northern states differed from the southern states?NorthSouthHow might these differences create conflict?
14Self Smart and Partner Activity Independently read The Impact of Immigration, Immigrants Face Prejudice and The Know-Nothing Party on pagesFind a partner and answer the following questions in your notes:What impact did immigrants have on the United States?Did immigrants face discrimination? Give specific examples.What political party was created to discriminate against immigrants? What was the party’s political beliefs?What issue split this party during the 1850s?
15The Know-Nothing Party Repeal of all Naturalization LawsNone but native Americans for officeNo foreigners in the militaryResistance to papal influence (Catholicism)
17Pop Quiz Study GuideKnowing the differences between the North and the South, how would southerners support the institution of slavery in an argument with a northern diplomat?Give at least 3 reasons
18The South’s Argument for Slavery Slaves were treated better than some workers in the north.Slaves were provided with everything they needed. Northern workers had to use their small wages to buy what they needed.Slavery was the foundation of the south’s economy.African Americans were better off under white care.The north of BIG GOVERNMENT had no right to judge southern existence (states rights).
25North vs. South North South Enslavement No Industrial Revolution Large immigrant populationDiscriminationNativist Movement (Know-Nothing Party)Industrial RevolutionFactoriesFarmsCity lifeTransportation network (Roads, Canals, Railroads)EnslavementNo Industrial RevolutionPlantations (Grew cotton)Less immigrantsFewer citiesPoor transportation network (Dirt roads, few canals, no railroads)
26Please read Life Under Slavery on pages 403-406 in your text. We will then…
27Plantation Life Questions Read “Life Under Slavery”. With a partner, answer the questions.Describe the family life & living conditions of an enslaved African American.What were some of the cultural customs for the enslaved African Americans?What were slave codes?Who was Nat Turner and what did he do?What did African Americans use to escape slavery?
28Pop Quiz Study GuideList and Explain the Top 5 reasons why Slavery was worse than working conditions in the Industrial North?If you were a Slave-owner, explain 3 ways you would fix the institution and treatment of slavery (without abolishing it):
30Reform: The Abolition Movement Early 1800s: Plan to end slavery graduallyAmerican Colonization SocietyBy 1830s: Slavery is still growingAbolitionists begin calling for immediate end to slavery.EX: The Liberator is an abolitionist newspaperRemember the Slave Trade Compromise at the Constitutional Convention……
31Frederick Douglass Escaped Maryland slavery. Taught himself to read and write.Leading Abolitionist of the 1800s“Dr. King” of the 1800s
32“What, to the American slave, is your Fourth of July “What, to the American slave, is your Fourth of July? I answer: a day that reveals to him the gross injustice and cruelty to which he is a constant victim. To him, your celebration is a sham your sounds of rejoicing are empty and heartless your shouts of liberty and equality, hollow mockery.”What did Douglass mean?
46Chapter 13-15 Vocab and Art Smart Terms AbolitionistDiscriminationFamineNativistOverseerSlave CodeUnderground RailroadFugitiveSecedePopular SovereigntyExplain three things you learned about the Underground Railroad on the back of your Uncle Tom’s Cabin Worksheet.
47Let me take out one more Band Aid before I pass away in 1852 I will call it the “Compromise of 1850”
48Harriet Beecher Stowe Uncle Tom’s Cabin 1852 300,000 copies sold during the first yearThe novel showed slavery as a cruel and brutal system
491. How does Stowe portray slaveholders in this scene? Two slaves, Cassy and Emmeline, are hiding from their cruel master, Simon Legree. Simon threatens to beat Tom if he will not tell where Cassy and Emmeline are hiding. Tom, a Christian who has always been a loyal, hard-working slave, refuses and Simon swears that he'll conquer Tom or kill him:"Tom looked up to his master, and answered, "Mas'r, if you was sick, or in trouble, or dying, and I could save ye, I'd give ye my heart's blood; and, if taking every drop of blood in this poor old body would save your precious soul, I'd give 'em freely, as the Lord gave his for me. O, Mas'r! don't bring this great sin on your soul! It will hurt you more than 't will me! Do the worst you can, my troubles'll be over soon; but, if ye don't repent, yours won't never end!""Like a strange snatch of heavenly music, heard in the lull of a tempest, this burst of feeling made a moment's blank pause. Legree stood aghast, and looked at Tom; and there was such a silence, that the tick of the old clock could be heard, measuring, with silent touch, the last moments of mercy and probation to that hardened heart. It was but a moment. There was one hesitating pause,--one irresolute, relenting thrill,--and the spirit of evil came back, with seven-fold vehemence; and Legree, foaming with rage, smote his victim to the ground."Scenes of blood and cruelty are shocking to our ear and heart. What man has nerve to do, man has not nerve to hear. What brother-man and brother-Christian must suffer, cannot be told us, even in our secret chamber, it so harrows the soul! And yet, oh my country! these things are done under the shadow of thy laws! O, Christ! thy church sees them, almost in silence!"1. How does Stowe portray slaveholders in this scene?2. How does she portray slaves?3. How do you think white Southerners felt when they read of Simon Legree's cruelty in Uncle Tom's Cabin?
65The Dred Scott Decision REVIEWExplain each legislation regarding slavery:•3/5 compromise 1787•Slave Trade Compromise 1787•Northwest Ordinance 1787?• Missouri Compromise of 1820• Fugitive Slave Act of 1850• Kansas-Nebraska Act 1854In your notes, describe “Bleeding Kansas” and John Brown
97Unit 6: The Civil War & Reconstruction Chapter 15: Road to War Section 4: Secession & War
98Turn in your Perspectives Worksheet Rate the events below in order from most (1) to least (6) polarizing between the North & South:Uncle Tom’s CabinBleeding KansasFugitive Slave ActRaid on Harper’s FerryUnderground RailroadDred Scott
99Whose Resume Is This?Lost job and defeated for state legislatureFailed in businessSweetheart diedHad nervous breakdownDefeated for SpeakerDefeated for nomination for CongressLost re-nominationRejected for land officerDefeated for U.S. SenateDefeated for nomination for Vice PresidentAgain defeated for U.S. Senate
104Am I done being president yet??? Southern SecessionAm I done being president yet???President Buchanan says he does not have the right to stop secession.His days in office are numbered . . .. . . what will Lincoln say?
105Lincoln Takes OfficeThe nation waits to see how Lincoln will respond to secession.Lincoln’s InaugurationMarch 4, 1861
108With Lincoln’s election, which states seceded from the Union?
109TX, LA, MS, AL, FL, GA join SC in February 1861. I’m Jefferson Davis. I am elected president of the Confederate States of America. Abraham Lincoln will try to take away our rights!SC secedes on 12/20/1860.TX, LA, MS, AL, FL, GA join SC in February 1861.
114The Civil War Begins: Fort Sumter Ft. Sumter held by Federal (northern) troops.Commander requests supplies from the north.Lincoln tells south he will resupply Sumter, but will send no weapons.Will the Confederacy allow Lincoln to resupply Ft. Sumter??
123Fort Sumter is the start of the American Civil War. United States of AmericaNorthThe UnionFederal Army“Yankees”Army of the PotomacConfederate States of AmericaSouthThe ConfederacyConfederate Army“Rebels”Army of Northern Virginiavs.