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BUSINESS LAW ESSENTIAL STANDARD 1.00 OBJECTIVE 1.01 Understand ethics, sources of law, and legal systems.

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Presentation on theme: "BUSINESS LAW ESSENTIAL STANDARD 1.00 OBJECTIVE 1.01 Understand ethics, sources of law, and legal systems."— Presentation transcript:

1 BUSINESS LAW ESSENTIAL STANDARD 1.00 OBJECTIVE 1.01 Understand ethics, sources of law, and legal systems.

2 Ethics Rules used to determine the difference between right and wrong. Origins of Ethics:  Greatest Good: Examines whether the action will cause the greatest good for the greatest number of people.  The Golden Rule: “Do unto others as you would have them do unto you”.

3 Ethical Reasoning  Consequential Ethical Reasoning:  Alternative ways to change the current situation  Evaluates each alternative  Generates the greatest good  Rule Based Ethical Reasoning:  Fundamental ethical rule  Either a recognized authority or human reasoning  Acts themselves are judged as right or wrong  Ethics as Reflected in U. S. Laws and the U.S. Constitution:  Laws are judged to be right or good when they affect the majority of the people in a positive manner

4 Sources of Law  The Constitution:  Principles by which its government operates  Adopted or amended  Constitutional law is made when the court interprets it  U.S. Constitution:  Main instrument for allocating powers between the people and their governments.  Bill of Rights.  State Constitution-Sovereignty:  Power between the federal and state governments  Tenth Amendment acknowledges sovereignty for all states to govern their citizens with their respective borders.

5 Sources of Law  English Common Law  Result of custom-based laws being unified by courts in England.  Statutory Law  Act of a legislature that declares, prescribes, or commands something.  Specific law, expressed in writing.  Local statutes or laws are usually called "ordinances.“  Case Law  Based on an appealed cases.  Appellate court issues a ruling based on their decision.  New rules in deciding the appealed case.  Sets precedence for similar future cases.  Administrative Law  Body of rules created by government agencies (Ex. Federal Communications Commission)

6 The United States Legal System A System of Checks and Balances:  Legislative Branch  Consists of the U. S. Senate and the U. S. House of Representatives.  Executive Branch  Consists of the President and the Vice President, of the United States.  Judicial Branch  Consists of the U. S. Supreme Court  Decides on the constitutionality of any statute passed by the legislative branch.  May decide if an action or decision by the Executive branch exceeds the powers granted under the Constitution. If so, this action or decision is void.

7 Federal Enforcement Agencies  Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI): mission is to uphold the law through the investigation of violations of federal criminal statutes.  Divided into five functional areas: Criminal Law Enforcement Foreign Counterintelligence Investigative and Operational Support Law Enforcement Services Direction, Control, and Administration  United States Marshal Service:  Apprehend federal fugitives  Protect the federal judiciary  Operate the Witness Security Program  Transport federal prisoners  Seize property acquired by criminals through illegal activities

8 Federal Enforcement Agencies  Drug Enforcement Agency (DEA)  Enforce the controlled substances laws and regulations of the United States  Bring forward organizations and principal members of organizations involved in the growing, manufacturing, or distribution of controlled substances.  Department of Homeland Security  Prevent terrorist attacks within the United States.  Reduce the vulnerability of the United States to terrorism.  Minimize the damage, and assist in the recovery, from terrorist attacks that do occur within the US.

9 State and Local Agencies  North Carolina State Bureau of Investigation (SBI)  Division of the N.C. Department of Justice.  Assists local law enforcement with criminal investigations.  North Carolina State Highway Patrol  Reduce collisions and make the highways as safe as possible.  Active patrol and enforcement of N. C. State statutes and laws for motor vehicle operation.

10 State and Local Agencies  N.C. Sheriff Departments (by county or jurisdiction):  Responsible for the courts of the State.  Acting as their bailiff and marshal.  Administers and executes criminal and civil justice and acts as the ex officio detention officer for the jail.  Police Departments (local):  Within the corporate limits of their city or jurisdiction and one mile outside these limits.  Same powers that are vested to all officers by statute and common law, to enforce the laws and statutes of the State of N. C.


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