Presentation on theme: "Chief Justice John Marshall is known best for expanding the power of the Federal Government. List 3 examples of how he was able to do this and what he."— Presentation transcript:
Chief Justice John Marshall is known best for expanding the power of the Federal Government. List 3 examples of how he was able to do this and what he was able to do. Hint: don’t over think this…. just list the 3 court cases and the impact of each!
1) Outline the arguments over slavery in the late 1840’s. 2) Identify the key parts to the Compromise of 1850. 3) Explain Henry Clay’s nickname.
With the addition of new territories from the Mexican-American War, the issue of slavery started to become a problem again. The Missouri Compromise (1820) was no longer working as a solution. California requested entrance into the United States (1849) The debate over slavery would come to the forefront of American Politics & American Society. This time, the result would be more violent!!
1846 – Wilmot Proviso is introduced. Said NO territory could have slavery. This divided Congress regionally (SECTIONALISM) (North vs South) South opposed the Wilmot Proviso. Questioned the “Constitutionality” of it. Claimed “Property” was protected by the 1 st Amendment! North supported Wilmot Proviso. Were angered that the South did not support “internal improvements”. Wilmot Proviso DID NOT PASS in Congress! But, the debate would go on especially with the request from California to be admitted as a state.
1849 – Congress was very divided over the issue of California’s statehood. The North wants… Abolition of slavery in Washington D.C. California admitted as a free state No slavery in any of the territories The South wants… Enforcement of the fugitive slave law of 1793 Slavery allowed in territories Henry Clay proposed a compromise. Adopted after months of debate. California was admitted as a free state; Utah and New Mexico territories decided by vote (popular sovereignty) Boundary dispute between Texas and New Mexico resolved Sale of slaves in Washington D.C. is banned but slavery can continue Fugitive Slave Act required people to help capture and return escaped slaves
HENRY CLAY He authored the Missouri Compromise AND the Compromise of 1850
Compromise of 1850 MUST KNOWS - Henry Clay “The Great Compromiser” - California = no slaves - Utah & N.M. Territories = popular sovereignty - All other territories=no slaves - Fugitive Slave Act 1850 - DID NOT SOLVE THE SLAVERY ISSUE (Band-Aid on a gunshot wound)
FUGITIVE SLAVE ACT 1850 Slaves must be returned to masters (owners) if that person says the slave belongs to them. Also stated that slaves were not entitled to: -trial by jury -right to counsel -testify on their own behalf …more on this to come…