Presentation on theme: "Cedar Ridge High School"— Presentation transcript:
1 Cedar Ridge High School The United Nations and the Responsibility to Protect (R2P)Isa van der DriftCedar Ridge High School
2 What is the most important role of the UN? Peace building?International Government?Peacekeeping?Preventing wars?
3 Relation to UN Founded on the grounds of… preventing another World War preventing mass atrocities
4 What is R2P?R2P is the obligation to protect and help other citizens of the world whenGovernment can’tGovernment won’tBelief that nation-states are required to act in their peoples’ best interests
5 Why is it important? We are all members of the global community Governments must protect their peopleU.N. is a “global government”Responsibility to assist nations who can not assist themselves
6 “Never Again” After the Holocaust, U.N. said “never again” Yet, we had countless examples of Crimes Against Humanity (CAH);RwandaCambodiaSyriaWhy?
7 History of R2P Idea originated after 1994 Rwandan genocide U.N. and other nations failed to actActual term originated in 2000 at the International Commission on Intervention and State Sovereignty (ICISS)Created in the form of a doctrine
8 R2P Doctrine Important points: 3 Responsibilities Sovereignty: responsibility, not a rightFirst state, then International Community/U.N.3 ResponsibilitiesPrevent, react, rebuildMilitary Intervention: last resort
9 Military Intervention Last ResortAll others must have been usedRight intentTo halt human sufferingProportionalMinimum interventionConsequence of action less than consequence of inaction
10 Rwanda Government was unable to stop genocide Hutu killing Tutsis, as well as Hutus not supporting actionsU.N. and International Community not actingDebating genocide vs. acts of genocide800,000 people killed
11 Syria Bashar al-Assad using chemical weapons against civilians Government unwilling to protect peopleU.N. in political gridlockInternational Community not doing anythingCurrent peace talks not working.
12 Central African Republic (CAR) Government unable to control/help peopleMuslim and Christian communities fightingU.N. refusing to helpRelying on other nationsMembers of E.U. are supplying troopsFrance, Belgium
13 Libya Fear that Benghazi would be attacked Military intervention used in LibyaNot a last resortNATO- not U.N.Despite use of R2P, international community not happy with use of military interventionChain of intervention
14 Faults with U.N. system Security Council Veto PowersGridlockNational security vs. Human securityChain of interventionSovereignty
16 Solutions: National vs. Human Security Emphasize importance of human securityPolitical outlookPeople vs. PoliticsRussia
17 Solutions: Chain of Intervention Resolution directing specific chain of interventionPrevent military involvementPotential chain:PreventionHumanitarian AidNegotiationMilitary Intervention
18 Solutions: Sovereignty What is sovereignty today?Change the definitionResponsibility to protect peopleSovereignty is irrelevant when government can’t protect
19 Bibliography"Libya Conflict: Q&A." BBC News. BBC, 20 Oct Web. 25 Jan"United Nations Support Mission in Libya (UNSMIL)." United Nations Support Mission in Libya (UNSMIL). United Nations, n.d. Web. 25 Jan"United Nations Official Document." UN News Center. UN, n.d. Web. 25 Jan"Central African Republic: Despite Insecurity, UN Provides Food for Hundreds of Thousands." UN News Center. UN, 24 Jan Web. 25 Jan"Genocide Watch." Genocide Watch. N.p., n.d. Web. 25 JanMelly, Paul. "Why Central African Republic Is Slipping Close to Catastrophe." Genocide Watch. Cable News Network, 02 Dec Web. 25 Jan"United Human Rights Council." United Human Rights Council. United Nations, n.d. Web. 25 Jan"United Human Rights Council." United Human Rights Council. N.p., Dec Web. 25 Jan
20 Bibliography"R2P – A Short History." RSS. United Nations Regional Information Centre for Western Europe, n.d. Web. 25 JanMutton, Jan F. "Responsibility to Protect." Dag Hammerskjöld Foundation. DHF, Sept Web. 31 JanFarooqi, Manaal N. "Responsibility to Protect: In Need of Reform." Washington Report on Middle East Affairs. N.p., Sept Web. 25 JanOlesen, Thomas. "Global Injustice Memories: The 1994 Rwandan Genocide." International Political Sociology, Dec Web. 25 JanPower, Samantha. "Bystanders to Genocide." The Atlantic, Sept Web. 25 Jan"Learn About RtoP." Learn About RtoP. International Coalition for the Responsibility to Protect, n.d. Web. 25 Jan