Presentation on theme: "Loss of sovereignty Look at the telegraph article In what ways has sovereignty been lost? What links can you make between the other aspects of the course?"— Presentation transcript:
Loss of sovereignty Look at the telegraph article In what ways has sovereignty been lost? What links can you make between the other aspects of the course?
Multi-governmental Organisations How does the EU increase global interactions and reduce sovereignty? ECONOMIC FLOWS? MIGRATION? POLITICAL DECISIONS? Are there any exceptions to the rules / laws established? What are the potential problems that arise as a result of this organisation? How might the EU make existing political borders confusing? Use specific examples.
political borders are now much more porous
What is a TNC? Quick recap…. Advantages and disadvantages of TNCs? How can we organise this knowledge geographically?
So…..loss of sovereignty? Discuss
Anti globalisation Secularisation in France Secularisarion: To remove allegiance from a particular religion. This basically means that there is no specific state religion ban on religious symbols in France. The idea is to encourage integration and to promote the idea of being ‘french’
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Nationalism Political ideology – being attached to one’s nation.
Resource nationalism – Venezuela Core link: Patterns in resource consumption Examine the geopolitical and environmental impacts of these changes in patterns and trends Venezuela’s oil revenues account for about 95 per cent of export earnings Proven crude oil reserves (billion barrels) Claim to be the largest reserves in the world (20% of global reserves) An OPEC member
Re nationalisation of oil 2007: Venezuela’s late president Hugo Chavez gave some of the world’s biggest oil companies a choice: turn over majority control of their projects to a state-owned company and remain as minority partners, or face a complete nationalization of operations in Venezuela’s Orinoco River basin Ultimately, Exxon and ConocoPhillips opted to leave, while BP and Norway’s Statoil decided to stay.
It is an important signal of sovereignty. “the benefits from the developing world’s natural resources can no longer flow in only one direction.” Outcomes: reduction of moderate poverty from 50% in 1998 to 25% in Inequality (gini index) fell from 0.49 in 1998 to 0.39 in 2011, one of the lowest rates in the region.
Anti-globalization movements Movement whose participants are opposed to capitalism and globalisation. The philosophy of the movement is based on the belief that individuals and organizations can achieve social, personal and economic goals without the negative consequences associated with capitalism. The anti-globalization movement places more emphasis on economic efficiency and human decency versus corporate competition and profits at any cost.
How do AGMs gain attention? Use the following link to describe some of the types of activities AGMs engage in. tion/lect06/e_lecture-eng-01.htm tion/lect06/e_lecture-eng-01.htm What do AGMs want? 1. TNCs and nation-states to be accountable for all citizens. 2. Long-term and short-term impacts of economic activity to be included in all decision making processes. 3. Spread the benefits of globalization further to reduce marginalization and disparities.
Choose any of the following movements… Focus on the Global South People’s Global Action Landless People’s Movement in South Africa Grassroots Global Justice in the USA Revolutionar y International Organisation Homeless Workers Movement in Brazil rg/content/who-we-are wiki/Peoples'_Global_A ction wiki/Landless_Peoples_ Movementhttp://en.wikipedia.org/ wiki/Landless_Peoples_ Movement no official website ode/425 revolution.org/?languag e=en wiki/Homeless_Workers '_Movementhttp://en.wikipedia.org/ wiki/Homeless_Workers '_Movement no official English website Who are they? Where are they? What is their goal? Examples of their actions. Successes / failures?