Presentation on theme: "9/16/09 BR- Does a society need rules to exist"— Presentation transcript:
1 9/16/09 BR- Does a society need rules to exist 9/16/09 BR- Does a society need rules to exist? How do you thing our society would change if there were suddenly no rulesToday: Understanding What Came Before There Were LawsDid you get an from me?
2 Vocabulary Journal #1State of nature, Hobbesian state of nature, Rousseau’s state of nature, social contract, sovereignty
3 Let’s play a gameThe team that wins gets the prize
4 STOP AND REACTWrite down on a piece of paper exactly how you feel right now!
5 What Was There Before There Was Law State of NatureHobbes’ State of NatureRousseau’s State of NatureSovereigntySocial ContractImpactQuestions -Summary Statement -
6 State of NatureA philosophical idea that describes humanities social state before there were laws.
7 State of Nature - Hobbes English philosopher who described the state of nature in his work Leviathan Without a figure of awe, a state of nature exists. State of nature is a state of war against all. bellum omnium contra omnes“No society; and which is worst of all, continual fear, and danger of violent death; and the life of man, solitary, poor, nasty, brutish, and short.”Everyone works against everyone all the time - might makes right.Only way out is - social contract, a powerful sovereign (ruler) to give awe.
8 State of Nature - Rousseau French political Philosopher Humans began like animals and were neither bad or good. “Noble Savages”The earliest solitary humans possessed a basic drive for self preservation and a natural disposition to compassion or pity - we were nice.As they lived together they developed attachments such as family and clan.Property is acquired and labor must be divided, thus governments must be formedSovereignty comes from the people
10 Social Contract The only way out of the state of nature You agree to give up certain freedoms in order to have certain safety.A deal to turn over sovereignty to someone else in order to do other things
11 Impact Both philosophies inspired a type of rule of law (government) Hobbes:?Rousseau:?
12 Assignment (20 pts.)- Due Thursday Imagine you are living in a Hobbes’ state of nature and Rousseau’s state of nature. Describe for me what your life is likeWrite a descriptive paragraph for each.-OR-Draw a picture (at least half a sheet of paper for each) that shows life in a state of nature.