Presentation on theme: "T ENSION AND V IOLENCE IN K ANSAS AND N EBRASKA. P OPULAR S OVEREIGNTY : S TEPHEN D OUGLAS -"It will triumph & impart peace to the country & stability."— Presentation transcript:
P OPULAR S OVEREIGNTY : S TEPHEN D OUGLAS -"It will triumph & impart peace to the country & stability to the Union."-Stephen Douglas regarding popular sovereignty -Allowed the settlers of a federal territory to decide the slavery question without interference from Congress -Wanted to avoid a national crisis over slavery in the federal territories
P OPULAR S OVEREIGNTY : S TEPHEN D OUGLAS -Popular sovereignty was invoked in the Compromise of 1850. -It undid the Missouri Compromise
V IDEO http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=TUOpYRxWI30
K ANSAS AND N EBRASKA A CT - Both wanted to become a state but didn't know if they would be a slave or a free state - Decided popular sovereignty would decide - The popular vote - 4 previous attempts were tried
S TEPHEN D OUGLAS "If the people of Kansas want a slaveholding state, let them have it, and if they want a free state they have a right to it, and it is not for the people of Illinois, or Missouri, or New York, or Kentucky, to complain, whatever the decision of Kansas may be."
I NVOLVING THE C OMPROMISE OF 1850 - Douglas said it had the same principles of the Compromise of 1850 -got support from the southerners
S ACKING AT L AWRENCE - The sacking of Lawrence ccurred when tensions mounted in Kansas between free-state and proslavery forces after the passage of the Kansas-Nebraska Act. -It was sacked because anti-slavery people founded the town, but the town was being turned into a proslavery town. -It was turning into a proslavery town because of the Missouri Compromise
C ONTINUED -The Missouri Compromise was later taken away and popular sovereignty was put in place. -People in the South didn't like this because the popular sovereignty law might take Kansas away from the South.
P OTTAWATOMIE M ASSACRE -John Brown became furoius because of the sacking of Lawrence. -John Brown killed 5 pro-slavery men -He was later arrest and hung
V OILENC IN THE S ENATE -Senator Charles Sumner gave a speech that made fun of the pro-slavery Senators -This speech was called "The Crime against Kansas" -The speech was mostly aimed at Senator Andrew Butler who was a supporter of slavery
C ONTINUED -A nephew of Andrew Butler, Preston Brooks, went to Charles Sumner office and struck him in the head with his cane. -This resulted in Charles Sumner to have brain damage -Sumner returned to the Senate 3 years later
W ORKS C ITED -"Lesson 3: The Kansas-Nebraska Act of 1854: Popular Sovereignty and the Political Polarization over Slavery | EDSITEment." EDSITEment | The Best of the Humanities on the Web. Web. 18 Oct. 2011.. -"Chapter 10 The Union in Peril/Section 2 Protest, Resistance, and Violence." The American. Houghton Mifflin Harcourt. 315. Print. -"A Century of Lawmaking for a New Nation: U.S. Congressional Documents and Debates, 1774 - 1875." Http://memory.loc.gov. Web. 18 Oct. 2011..